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Differences in Mechanical Midsole Characteristics of Running Shoes Do Not Influence Physiological Variables in Aerobic and Anaerobic Running

stride length variation on oxygen uptake during distance running. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1982; 14: 30–35 10.1249/00005768-198201000-00006 7070254 Cavanagh PR Williams KR The effect of stride length variation on oxygen uptake during distance running Med Sci Sports Exerc 1982 14 30 35 Cohen J. Quantitative Methods in Psychology. Psych Bull 1992; 112: 155–159 Cohen J Quantitative Methods in Psychology Psych Bull 1992 112 155 159 Divert C, Mornieux G, Freychat P, Baly L, Mayer F, Belli A. Barefoot-Shod Running Differences: Shoe or

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Trends of Goal Scoring Patterns in Soccer: A Retrospective Analysis of Five Successive FIFA World Cup Tournaments

± 11.8 24 ± 16.3 23 ± 15.9 25 ± 14.6 110 ± 13.8 31–45 26 ± 15.2 25 ± 15.5 23 ± 15.6 22 ± 15.2 22 ± 12.9 118 ± 14.8 45–60 31 ± 18.1 28 ± 17.4 19 ± 12.9 22 ± 15.2 24 ± 14.0 124 ± 15.6 61–75 24 ± 14.0 30 ± 18.6 11 ± 7.5 27 ± 18.6 33 ± 19.3 125 ± 15.7 76–90 45 ± 26.3 31 ± 19.3 44 ± 29.9 35 ± 24.1 41 ± 24.0 196 ± 24.7 Extra time 91–105 00 ± 0.0 02 ± 1.2 01 ± 0.7 01 ± 0.6 03 ± 1.8 07 ± 0.9 105–120 01 ± 0.6 01 ± 0.6 02 ± 1.4 01 ± 0.6 05 ± 2.9 10 ± 1

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Post-Activation Potentiation on Squat Jump Following Two Different Protocols: Traditional vs. Inertial Flywheel

the PAP stimulus. Lactate concentration was measured with a fast and reliable portable analyzer (Lactate Scout+, SensLab GmbH, Germany) that uses an enzymatic–amperometric detection method and requires only 0.5 μL of blood. The RPE was assessed by the OMNI‐ Resistance Exercise Scale (OMNI‐RES) which is a validated RPE for resistance exercise ( Robertson et al., 2003 ). The OMNI‐RES consisted of 10 reporting options between 1 (extremely easy) and 10 (extremely hard). Thirty minutes after finishing the protocols, a copy of this scale was given to the participants and

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Physical Performance Differences Between Starter and Non‐Starter Players During Professional Soccer Friendly Matches

/s 2 841 ± 35 869 ± 33 ‐28 ± 27.5 Trivial 2.1 to 4.0 m/s 2 08 ± 04 10 ± 06 ‐2 ± 2.2 Trivial > 4.0 m/s 2 00 ± 01 01 ± 01 ‐1 ± 2.8 Trivial Total 850 ± 35 879 ± 39 ‐29 ± 17.1 Trivial Indicators of Workload Player Load 455.4 ± 48.4 523.1 ± 66.3 ‐67.7 ± 12.7 Very Likely Maximum running speed 07 ± 01 07 ± 01 0 ± 0.1 Trivial Exertion Index 45 ± 05 55 ± 09 ‐10 ± 0.9 Very Likely Work Rest Ratio 01 ± 00 02 ± 00 ‐1 ± 0.2 Very Likely Self‐reported Exertion 06 ± 01 05

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Effect of the French Contrast Method on Explosive Strength and Kinematic Parameters of the Triple Jump Among Female College Athletes

the vertical velocity of the center of mass (Step) and triple jump distance (Hop). The improvement rate was between 0.22 and 16.74%. Table 4 The kinematic Parameters Kinematic parameters Experimental group Rate of P Phase Before Mean ± SD After Mean ± SD Change Hope 8.29 ± 0.12 8.88 ± 0.10 7.12% Sign Horizontal velocity of the Step 7.81 ± 0.09 8.00 ± 0.09 2.43% Sign Centre of mass (ms-1) Jump 6.15 ± 0.07 6.55 ± 0.08 6.50% Sign Hope 2.11 ± 0.03 2.35 ± 0.05 11.37% Sign

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Biomechanical Analysis of Successful and Unsuccessful Snatch Lifts in Elite Female Weightlifters

Comparative kinematic analysis of snatch lifts in elite male adolescent weightlifters J Sport Sci Med 2014 13 417 422 Ho LK, Lorenzen C, Wilson CJ, Saunders JE, Williams MD. Reviewing current knowledge in snatch performance and technique: the need for future directions in applied research. J Strength Cond Res , 2014; 28: 574-586 23719504 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31829c0bf8 Ho LK Lorenzen C Wilson CJ Saunders JE Williams MD Reviewing current knowledge in snatch performance and technique: the need for future directions in applied research J

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The Effect of Load Placement on the Power Production Characteristics of Three Lower Extremity Jumping Exercises

for V PP . Figure 1 Load main effect post hoc analysis for exercise-averaged relative peak power (A), relative force at peak power (B), and velocity at peak power (C). # = significantly greater than relative peak power at 100% (p ≤ 0.001); $ = significantly greater than relative peak power at 80% (p ≤ 0.05); & = significantly greater than each of the preceding loads (p ≤ 0.001); @ = significantly greater than each of the subsequent loads (p ≤ 0.001). Within-exercise Linear Contrast Analysis for Load The within-exercise linear contrast analyses

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No Pain, No Gain? Prevalence, Location, Context, and Coping Strategies with Regard to Pain Among Young German Elite Basketball Players

by more than 10% of all participants in the last 7 days, and the frequency of this was significantly noticeable (χ 2 test; p < 0.05). The pain localizations highlighted in light gray (elbow and wrist) did not present simultaneous occurrence to any other localization . As young competitive athletes frequently experience pain in multiple areas, it is worth considering the area in which the pain experienced is most severe. At the time of the survey, 1 in 4 elite young basketball players reported knee and leg pain, while 1 in 6 specified back pain as the most

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Reaction to a Visual Stimulus: Anticipation with Steady and Dynamic Contractions

arise from the variable force directions at which the response can occur which challenge the motor planning process. In conclusion, a steady anticipatory strategy appears to be advantageous for tasks in which the speed of RT is essential. References Botwinick J, Thompson LW. Premotor and motor components of reaction time. J Exp Psychol 1966; 71: 9–15 10.1037/h0022634 5902149 Botwinick J Thompson LW Premotor and motor components of reaction time J Exp Psychol 1966 71 9 15 Bourgeois-Marcotte J, Flamand-Roze C, Denier C, Monetta L. LAST

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Monitoring Changes Over a Training Macrocycle in Regional Age‐Group Swimmers

.min ‐1 ) 38.74 ± 3.75 38.94 ± 3.06 40.61 ± 2.08 41.04 ± 2.17 SI 1 3.12 ± 0.41 3.07 ± 0.42 2.94 ± 0.32 3.04 ± 0.33 SI 2 2.64 ± 0.32 2.65 ± 0.34 2.59 ± 0.29 2.60 ± 0.39 SI 3 2.40 ± 0.39 2.41 ± 0.48 2.35 ± 0.46 2.52 ± 0.37 SI 4 2.33 ± 0.34 2.40 ± 0.30 2.38 ± 0.32 2.32 ± 0.47 v 1 (m.s ‐1 ) 1.57 ± 0.11 1.50 ± 0.11 1.53 ± 0.09 1.53 ± 0.10 v 2 (m.s ‐1 ) 1.34 ± 0.05 1.34 ± 0.06 1.35 ± 0.07 1.35 ± 0.08 v 3 (m.s ‐1 ) 1.24 ± 0.07 1.24 ± 0.09 1.25 ± 0.11 1.29 ± 0.07 v 4 (m.s ‐1

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