guaranteed by the public sector, temporarily devote their real-estate to social purposes in line with the principles regulating the public housing sector (rent control, tenants from waiting lists etc.). Businesses are encouraged to get involved in social housing through different types of grants, favourable fiscal treatment, as well as administrative and legal incentives. The effects of cooperation between the public and private sectors in the European Union are e.g. sharing land allocated for construction purposes, developing a common infrastructure network, making in
between aircraft noise and the risk of hypertension Noise and Health 11 44 161 – 168
Bień, G., 2011, Hałas lotniczy, a wartość nieruchomości zabudowanych domami mieszkalnymi jednorodzinnymi w Poznaniu i Luboniu Biuletyn Stowarzyszenia Rzeczoznawców Majątkowych Województwa Wielkopolskiego, 4/30, 9–22 [in Polish].
Bień G. 2011 Hałas lotniczy, a wartość nieruchomości zabudowanych domami mieszkalnymi jednorodzinnymi w Poznaniu i Luboniu Biuletyn Stowarzyszenia Rzeczoznawców Majątkowych Województwa Wielkopolskiego 4/30 9 – 22 [in Polish]
Marta Borowska-Stefańska, Szymon Wiśniewski and Klaudia Modrzejewska
; Liszewski 1978 ; Buttimer 1980 ). Urban spatial structure was also studied by W. C. Wheaton (1974) , M. Clarke & A. G. Wilson (1983) , A. Anas, R. Arnott & K. A. Small (1998) , J. Wu & A. J. Plantinga (2003) , J. Kotus (2006) ; B. Lee (2007) , S. Marcińczak (2007) . Post-communist urban development (especially residential development) was presented by L. Sýkora (1999) , S. Hirt & K. Stanilov (2007) , I. Brade, G. Herfert & K. Wiest (2009) . There is also a rich literature presenting the mechanisms of the centrally planned system of allocation of resources
, Cultural Capital of Europe 2001 Urban Studies, 41(10), 1931–1951.
Richards G & Wilson J. 2004 The Impact of Cultural Events on City Image: Rotterdam Cultural Capital of Europe 2001 Urban Studies 41 10 1931 – 1951
Roberts, P. & Sykes, H., eds. (2000) Urban regeneration. A handbook , SAGE Publications, London.
Roberts P. & Sykes H. 2000 Urban regeneration. A handbook SAGE Publications London
Rutkowski, R., 25.07.2013, Dziś rusza odnowiony plac Nowy Targ. Co powinniśmy wiedzieć? Gazeta Wrocławska. Available from: http
Driving in Urban Environments: Boss and the Urban Challenge , Journal of Field Robotics, 25(8), 425–466. 10.1002/rob.20255 Urmson C. 2008 Autonomous Driving in Urban Environments: Boss and the Urban Challenge Journal of Field Robotics 25 8 425 466
Wakabayashi, D., 19.03.2018, Self - Driving Uber Car Kills Pedestrian in Arizona , Where Robots Roam , The New York Times. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/19/technology/uber-driv-erless-fatality.html Wakabayashi D. 19.03.2018 Self-Driving Uber Car Kills Pedestrian in Arizona, Where Robots Roam The New York
(financial benefits for transport companies, e.g. lower costs, restructuring of market), (3) safety and environment. These or similar effects have been widely analysed with regard to passenger cars ( Milakis, van Arem & van Wee 2017 ). But in the case of goods transport there are other factors which need to be taken into account.
The term autonomous vehicle has a wide variety of interpretations. Most commonly it refers to private cars driving without driver interaction. But there are other forms of automated driver interaction such as adaptive technologies which overrule
institutions and establishments
Building an interest among the most important parties in the city regarding the preparation of the programme
Discussion regarding the chosen area, conclusions developed during appraisal, decision on the overall directions and goals
Consultations with residents, representatives of non-governmental organisations, city and county institutions, housing communities, landowners, etc.
Representatives of city institutions [e.g. museum, library, Housing Department
–176. Nowalska-Kapuscik D. 2015 Poland Libor G. Nowalska-Kapuscik D. Poor Europe. The Problem of Poverty in Chosen European Countries Wydawnictwo UŚ Katowice 165 176
O’Sullivan, K. C., Howden-Chapman, P. L. & Fougere G. M. (2015) Fuel poverty, policy, and equity in New Zealand: The promise of prepayment metering , Energy Research & Social Science, 7, 99–107. 10.1016/j.erss.2015.03.008 O’Sullivan K. C. Howden-Chapman P. L. Fougere G. M. 2015 Fuel poverty, policy, and equity in New Zealand: The promise of prepayment metering Energy Research & Social Science 7 99 107