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Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, the Guillotine, and Modern Ontological Anxiety

Abstract

This essay begins by examining the rhetorical significance of the guillotine, an important symbol during the Romantic Period. Lacefield argues that the guillotine symbolized a range of modern ontological juxtapositions and antinomies during the period. Moreover, she argues that the guillotine influenced Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein through Giovanni Aldini, a scientist who experimented on guillotined corpses during the French Revolution and inspired Shelley’s characterization of Victor Frankenstein. Given the importance of the guillotine as a powerful metaphor for anxieties emergent during this period, Lacefield employs it as a clue signaling a labyrinth of modern meanings embedded in Shelley’s novel, as well as the films they anticipated. In particular, Lacefield analyzes the significance of the guillotine slice itself—the uneasy, indeterminate line that simultaneously separates and joins categories such as life/death, mind/body, spirit/matter, and nature/technology.

Lacefield’s interdisciplinary analysis analyzes motifs of decapitation/dismemberment in Frankenstein and then moves into a discussion of the novel’s exploration of the ontological categories specified above. For example, Frankenstein’s Creature, as a kind of cyborg, exists on the contested theoretical “slice” within a number of antinomies: nature/tech, human/inhuman (alive/dead), matter/spirit, etc. These are interesting juxtapositions that point to tensions within each set of categories, and Lacefield discusses the relevance of such dichotomies for questions of modernity posed by materialist theory and technological innovation. Additionally, she incorporates a discussion of films that fuse Shelley’s themes with appeals to twentieth-century and post-millennium audiences.

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Transgression of Postindustrial Dissonance and Excess: (Re)valuation of Gothicism in Jim Jarmusch’s Only Lovers Left Alive

, Richard, and K. Silem Mohammad. Zombies, Vampires and Philosophy. New Life for the Undead. Chicago and La Salle, IL: Open Court, 2010. Print. Grossman, Lev. “Zombies Are the New Vampires.” Time (online), 9 Apr. 2009. Web. 23 Nov. 2012. Halberstam, Judith J. Skin Shows: Gothic Horror and the Technology of Monsters. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 1995. Print. Hogle, Jerrold, E. The Cambridge Companion to Gothic Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2002. Print. Hutcheon, Linda. “Irony, Nostalgia and the Postmodern.” UTEL . 19 Jan. 1998. Web. 13 Sept

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Beyond the Margins: Identity Fragmentation in Visual Representation in Michel Tournier’s La Goutte d’or

Fictions . Philadelphia: Benjamins, 1991. Print. Pezechkian, Pary. “ La Goutte d’or de Michel Tournier: pour une rhétorique de l’image.” Francographies: Bulletin de la Société des Professeurs Français et Francophones D’Amérique 1 (1993): 1-6. Print. Platten, David. Michel Tournier and the Metaphor of Fiction . New York: St. Martin’s, 1999. Print. Price, David. “Simulacra, Symbolic Exchange and Technology in Michel Tournier’s La Goutte d’or .” Studies in Twentieth Century Literature . 17:2 (1993): 349-63. Print

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Gothic Matters of De-Composition: The Pastoral Dead in Contemporary American Fiction

. GoogleBooks . Web. 18 Apr. 2015. Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America . New York: Oxford UP, 2000. Kindle file. McCarthy, Cormac. The Road. New York: Picador, 2010. Kindle file. Meeropol, Abel. “Strange Fruit.” Perf. Billie Holiday. Verve, 2003. MP3. Oswald, Dana. “Monstrous Gender: Geographies of Ambiguity.” The Ashgate Research Companion to Monsters and the Monstrous . Ed. Asa Simon Mittman with Peter J. Dendle. Farnham: Ashgate, 2012. 343–64. GoogleBooks . Web. 16 Apr. 2015. The Road . Dir

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Intertextual Illuminations: “The Lighthouse Keeper of Aspinwall” by Henryk Sienkiewicz in Malcolm Lowry’s “Through the Panama”

-francuskich relacjach przekładowych . Kraków: Universitas, 2008. Print. Taylor, George H. “Prospective Political Identity.” Paul Ricoeur in the Age of Hermeneutical Reason: Poetics, Praxis, and Critique . Ed. Roger W. H. Savage. Lanham: Lexington, 2015. 123–38. Print. Wutz, Michael. “Archaic Mechanics, Anarchic Meaning: Malcolm Lowry and the Technology of Narrative.” Reading Matters: Narrative in the New Media Ecology. Ed. Joseph Tabbi and Michael Wutz. New York: Cornell UP, 1997. 53–75. Print.

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Marginalization of “the Other”: Gender Discrimination in Dystopian Visions by Feminist Science Fiction Authors

-107. Print. Green, Michelle Erica. “Marge Piercy, Woman on the Edge of Time (Fawcett, 1977).” The Green Man Review. The Roots and Branches of Arts and Culture . 16 Dec. 2010. Web. 18 Jan. 2011. Hollinger, Veronica. “‘Something Like a Fiction’: Speculative Intersections of Sexuality and Technology.” Queer Universes: Sexualities in Science Fiction. Ed. Wendy Gay Pearson, Veronica Hollinger and Joan Gordon. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 2010. 140-60. Print. Jones, Libby Falk. “Gilman, Bradley, Piercy, and the Evolving Rhetoric of Feminist

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In the Flesh and the Gothic Pharmacology of Everyday Life; or Into and Out of the Gothic

and Bodies of Resistance.” Body & Society 13.2 (2007): 1–23. Print. Blake, Linnie. “The Burton and Swinburne Trilogy: Steam-Age Adventures in Neo-Liberal Liminality: An Interview with Mark Hodder.” Gothic.stir.ac.uk . Web. 25 July 2015. Blake, Linnie. “Neoliberal Adventures in Neo-Victorian Biopolitics. Mark Hodder’s Burton and Swinburne Novels.” Technologies of the Gothic in Literature and Culture . Ed. Justin D. Edwards. Basingstoke: Routledge, 2015. 166–78. Print. Blake, Linnie. “Vampires, Mad Scientists and the Unquiet Dead: TV Ubiquity and

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American, British and Canadian Studies
The Journal of Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu
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East Asian Technical Cooperation Initiatives in Central America: A Comparative Analysis of Japan and South Korea in Guatemala

, Soo Bong and Roknuzzamn Siddiky. 2017. “Does Development Aid Work? Improving Aid Effectiveness in International Development Cooperation Efforts.” Bangladesh e-Journal of Sociology , 14 (2), pp. 120–142. UN (United Nations). 2014. “South-South Development Cooperation.” UN Background Note , pp. 1–4. UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). 2014. “Transfer of Technology and Knowledge Sharing for Development: Science, Technology and Innovation Issues for Developing Countries.” UNCTAD Report , pp. 1–71. UNCTAD (United Nations

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Terminology as a Specific Carrier of Information

Abstract

This paper deals with terminology as a characteristic feature of the language used in science and technology. The lexical units in question serve the communication needs and demands of particular discourse communities, i.e., experts in different branches of science and specializations. Terminology precisely describes reality, carries specific information on the phenomena and relationships between them and helps to avoid shifts in meaning during the process of communication. In comparison with other spheres of life where shifts in meaning are common, in science and technology, changes in the information transferred are unacceptable and may lead to serious consequences. This paper focuses on various aspects and approaches to this part of the lexical system. Examples from the English language for Electrical Engineering and Communication Technologies provide an insight into different criteria for classifying units as terms, lexical patterns and semantic relationships between the individual constituents. Other features, qualities and functions of terminology, such as the stabilizing reality, interconnection between explicitness and implicitness or description of progress reflecting a unique attitude to reality are also discussed.

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