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The Effect of Landscape on the Diversity in Urban Green Areas

. Species diversity of carabids in different types of Bydgoszcz urban green belts and suburban environments. Folia Biol. 2005;53:179-186. DOI: 10.3409/173491605775789498. [20] Żelazna E, Błażejewicz-Zawadzińska M. Zróżnicowanie gatunkowe biegaczowatych (Coleoptera: Carabidae) terenów parkowych Bydgoszczy oraz wybranych kompleksów leśnych i zadrzewień śródpolnych obszaru kujawsko-pomorskiego (Carabidae species variation (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in the parks of Bydgoszcz and selected forest complexes and midfield plantings of the Kujawy and Pomorze region). Wiad

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Biodiversity and climate change: consequences for upper tree line in Slovakia

Abstract

Study of the effects of climate change on upper tree limit has mainly focused on the diversity of tree species as a result of the ability of species to tolerate temperature and moisture changes as well as some effects of disturbance regime changes. The tree species diversity changes due to climate change has been analysed via gap model and biodiversity indices. Gap models are individually based on simulations of establishment, growth, and mortality of each tree on the forest plot. Input ecological data for model calculations have been taken from the permanent research plots located in primeval forests in mountainous regions in Slovakia. The results of regional scenarios of the climatic change for the territory of Slovakia have been used, from which the values according to the CGCM3.1 (global) model, KNMI and MPI (regional) models. Model results for conditions of the climate change scenarios suggest a shift of the upper forest limit to the region of the present subalpine zone, in supramontane zone. The most significant tree species diversity changes have been identified for the upper tree line and current belt of dwarf pine (Pinus mugo) occurrence. Hill’s index of biodiversity in the upper forest line increased by 30 – 35% for horizon of 2050, resp. by 45 – 50% modeled for the horizon of 2075. Calculated values of Shannon’s index show an even higher increase due to climate change. For horizon 2050 is a roughly of three fold increase and horizon for 2075 by almost fivefold increase in the value of the index. Results from the gap model indicate the increase of tree species diversity 2 – 2,5 times.

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Checklist Of Fungi Of The Genus Russula From Belarusian-Valdai Lake District

Abstract

The species diversity of the genus Russula Pers. was studied at the northern part of Belarus and the southern part of Pskov region of Russia. The region of the study is characterized by numerous lakes and rugged terrain. The checklist of fungi of the genus Russula is based on the material collected by the author in 1999–2013 as well as the herbarium collections and published data of the other authors. The checklist encompasses 60 species, 28 of these were found to be rare in the area. R. azurea and R. favrei were reported for the first time in Belarus. Nineteen species – R. alutacea, R. atropurpurea, R. aurantiaca, R. brunneoviolacea, R. consobrina, R. fellea, R. grisea, R. heterophylla, R. laeta, R. mustelina, R. nitida, R. pectinatoides, R. pseudodelica, R. pseudointegra, R. rhodopoda, R. rosea, R. sanguinea, R. seperina and R. versicolor were reported for the first time in Pskov region. Most of the listed Russula species are widely distributed in Europe. Most species that are rare in the study region are uncommon in the whole Europe as well.

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The Role of Coffee Based Agroforestry System in Tree Diversity Conservation in Eastern Uganda

for Uganda . Nairobi: Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Klein, A.M., Cunningham, S.A., Bos, M. & Steffan-Dewenter, I., (2008). Advances in pollination ecology from tropical plantation crops. Ecology , 89,935–943. DOI: 10.1890/07-0088.1. Lopez-Gomez, A.M., Williams-Linera, G., Manson, R.H., (2008). Tree species diversity and vegetation structure in shade coffee farms in Veracruz, Mexico. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 124 (3-4), 160-172. DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2007.09.008. Mbale District Local Government, (2010). Five Year District

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Management Regimes within Syntaxa of Semi-Natural Grasslands in West Bulgaria

. 2011: Phytosociology and dynamics of calcareous grasslands in Ķemeri National Park, Latvia. Estonian Journal of Ecology 60: 284−304. Rabotnov, T. 1978: Fitocenologia. (Phytocoenology).Publ. House of the Moscow University, Moscow, 384 pp. Ruprecht, E., Szabo, A., Enyedi. M. Z. & Dengler, J. 2009: Steppe-like grasslands in Transylvania (Romania): Characterisation and influence of management on species diversity and composition. Tuexenia 29: 353-368. Rusina, S. & Kiehl, K. 2010: Long-term changes in species diversity in

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Seasonal Changes In Species Diversity And Dominance Structure In Communities Of Oribatid Mites (Sarcoptiformes, Oribatei) In Megalopolis Green Areas

Abstract

Species complexes of oribatid mites in soil and litter in 10 plots in green areas of different parts of Kyiv city in April-September 2011 were studied. In total, 107 species of 76 genera of 44 families of oribatids were found. Trends of seasonal fluctuations of species diversity and dominance structure of oribatids in studied plots were assessed.

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Relationships between bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apiformes) and flowers in the Bulgarian agricultural landscape

, Apoidea, Apiformes) in the agricultural lanscape of Bulgaria: species diversity. Journal of Apicultural Science 58(1): 29-49. BLÜTHGEN N., KLEIN A.-M. 2011. Functional complementarity and specialisation: The role of biodiversity in plant-pollinator interactions. Basic and Applied Ecology 12(4): 282-291. BOMMARCO R., BIESMEIJER J.C., MEYER B., POTTS S.G., PÖYRY J., ROBERTS S.P.M., STEFFANDEWENTER I., ÖCKINGER E. 2010. Dispersal capacity and diet breadth modify the response of wild bees to habitat loss. Proceeding of the Royal Society of

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Diversity of Macrophytes in Riverine Aquatic Habitats: Comparing Active River Channel and its Cut-Offs

Abstract

The study area was a small lowland river valley (the Łęg river) located in the south-east of Poland. The object of investigation was the macrophytes of 10 river lakes with corresponding active river channel stretches of the same length as the cut-offs. The aim was to check the difference in species diversity between cut-off and active river channels. The second aim was to test the following hypothesis: vegetation of river lake has been shaped under the influence of contiguous river stretch which has left a measurable mark in species abundance and composition. To test this, we checked whether a cut-off channel's flora is more similar to flora of the contiguous river stretch, than to flora of a farther river stretch. During the course of the study it was found that the average species richness was approximately two times higher in the cut-off channels than in the river stretches. The number of the species exclusive for the river lakes was nine times higher in comparison with the river's exclusives (not found in the cut-offs). The Shannon diversity index definitely spoke in favor of the river lakes. These results clearly show the significance of river lakes in maintaining biodiversity of aquatic ecosystems in a small river valley. We did not confirm our hypothesis concerning floristic relation between an active channel and its cut-offs. The floristic similarity between a given cut-off channel and the contiguous active river channel stretch is not stronger than the similarity between this lake and more distant river stretches. The cause of such a state of affairs may be high natural dynamics of investigated habitats and anthropogenic transformation of the river valley.

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Role of Plant Dominants on Abandoned Tailings Containment from Manganese-Ore Maining in Chvaletice, Eastern Bohemia, Czech Republic (Overview of Long-Term Case Studies)

., Printsmann, A. et Palang, H., [eds]: Conf. Proc. “Development of European Landscapes” (pp. 529–231), IALE European Conf. 2001, Vol. II., Publicationes Inst. Geogr., Universitatis Tartuensis, 92. Kovář, P., (2007). Terrestrial islands of non-reclaimed industrial deposits: plant species diversity and cultural landscape. – In: Bunce, R.G.H., Jongman, R.H.G., Hojas, L., Weei, S.: 25 years of landscape ecology: scientific principles in practice (pp. 694–695). Proc. of the 7th IALE World Congress – Part 2, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 8–12 July, 2007, Theme 6: Cultural

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Mountain pastures of Qilian Shan: plant communities, grazing impact and degradation status (Gansu province, NW China)

]. Brinkmann, K., Patzelt, A., Dickhoefer, U., Schlecht, E. & Buerkert, A. 2009: Vegetation patterns and diversity along an altitudinal and a grazing gradient in the Jabal al Akhdar mountain range of northern Oman. Journal of Arid Environments 73: 1035-1045. Cesa, A. & Paruelo, J. M. 2011: Changes in vegetation structure induced by domestic grazing in Patagonia (Southern Argentina). Journal of Arid Environments 75: 1129-1135. Chang, X., Zhao, W. & Zhao, A. 2004: Species diversity of pasture community at different altitude levels in Qilian

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