Erel Lior, Tim Axelrod, Evgeni Eltzov, Ariel Kushmaro and Robert S. Marks
waste ( 10 ).
The river is being monitored for coliform concentration weekly by the Ashdod-Yavne regional association for environmental protection. If any cause for alarm does occur, the association tests the contaminated water using conventional analytical approaches. Examples of these techniques are total organic carbon (TOC), biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), TSS and coliforms. In addition to that, gas chromatography (GC), inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), which are
Rosa Dorta-Vásquez, Oscar Valbuena and Domenico Pavone-Maniscalco
solubility, while very high water content decreased interparticle airspace causing a lower oxygen transfer, phenomenon previously observed ( 27 ), determining that increases in water content in solid cultures, improved the performance of the anaerobic bacterium C. thermocellum . In this way, it was decided to continue this work using a water content of 60% to avoid limitations due to water excess or defect.
It has been determined the feasibility of SSF using PS as substrate to obtain Trichoderma spores ( 23 ). However, these processes gave lower yields than those
Orsolya Borsai, Mohamad Al Hassan, Monica Boscaiu, Radu E. Sestras and Oscar Vicente
understanding agriculture as performance. NJAS –Wag. J Life Sci 2011; 57: 179-185. doi: 10.1016/j.njas.2010.11.002 10.1016/j.njas.2010.11.002
Crane TA Roncoli C Hoogenboom G Adaptation to climate change and climate variability: the importance of understanding agriculture as performance NJAS –Wag. J Life Sci 2011 57 179 185 10.1016/j.njas.2010.11.002
44 Gill SS, Tuteja N. Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant Physiol Biochem 2010; 48(12): 909-930. 20870416 10.1016/j.plaphy.2010
2014 11 4427 4440
47 Guha A, Sengupta D, Reddy AR. Polyphasic chlorophyll a fluorescence kinetics and leaf protein analyses to track dynamics of photosynthetic performance in mulberry during progressive drought. J. Photochem. Photobiol., 2013; 119: 71–83. 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2012.12.006
Guha A Sengupta D Reddy AR Polyphasic chlorophyll a fluorescence kinetics and leaf protein analyses to track dynamics of photosynthetic performance in mulberry during progressive drought J. Photochem. Photobiol 2013 119 71 83
48 Kumar A and Prasad
: degree of polymerization; *: chiral carbon atom in most PHA building blocks.
The improvement of large-scale productivity, cost efficiency, and strain performance demands optimization procedures of different process steps. This includes the quest for new wild type and genetically modified microbes, development of a process design adapted to the kinetic characteristics PHA production, and ecologically benign and efficient techniques for separation of PHA and residual non-PHA biomass. Only the synopsis of these steps allows ecologically feasible and sustainable
Electra Papadopoulou, Konstantinos Vaitsas, Ioannis Fallas, Giorgos Tsipas, Konstantinos Chrissafis, Dimitrios Bikiaris, Constantina Kottaridi and Konstantinos E. Vorgias
fostered ( 20 ); (b) the National renewable energy action plan (2010) – in accordance with the EU’s 20% renewable energy target by 2020 ( 16 ) and (c) Law 4414/2016 that drafts the national strategy for protection against the effects of climate change and provides a new Support Scheme for power plants from renewable energy sources and cogeneration of high performance electricity and heat ( 21 ).
A compilation of currently active institutions in Bio-economy and Bio-economy related issues
1. The Rural Development Programme (2014-2020)
Nathalie Picollet-D’hahan, Axel Tollance, Cristina Belda Marin, Lavinia Liguori, Christophe Marquette, Odile Filhol-Cochet, Isabelle Vilgrain, Guillaume Laffitte, Florence Rivera, Jean-Pierre Alcaraz, Jacques Thélu, Olivier Nicoud, Thibaud Moufle-Milot, Maxime Legues, Ali Bouamrani, Adrien Mombrun, Benoit Gilquin, Sophie Gerbaud, Patricia Obeid, Fréderique Kermarrec, Xavier Gidrol and Donald K. Martin
to custom-made magnetic reversed-phase particles, the substances were eluted and separated by capillary high-performance liquid chromatography. Fractions were spotted directly on a MALDI target, and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometric data acquisition was performed in automatic mode. This technology was used to detect substances secreted by two mammary carcinoma cell lines differing in their malignancy (MCF-7, MDA-MB231). Unequivocal differences in the peptide secretion patterns were observed. In conclusion, this system allows the sensitive investigation of peptides
In this study, a deep neural network classifier is proposed for the classification of coronary artery disease medical data sets. The proposed classifier is tested on reference CAD data sets from the literature and also compared with popular representative classification methods regarding its classification performance. Experimental results show that the deep neural network classifier offers much better accuracy, sensitivity and specificity rates when compared with other methods. The proposed method presents itself as an easily accessible and cost-effective alternative to currently existing methods used for the diagnosis of CAD and it can be applied for easily checking whether a given subject under examination has at least one occluded coronary artery or not.
Martin Koller, Denis Vadlja, Gerhart Braunegg, Aid Atlić and Predrag Horvat
Competitive polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHAs) production requires progress in microbial strain performance, feedstock selection, downstream processing, and more importantly according to the process design with process kinetics of the microbial growth phase and the phase of product formation. The multistage continuous production in a bioreactor cascade was described for the first time in a continuously operated, flexible five-stage bioreactor cascade that mimics the characteristics involved in the engineering process of tubular plug flow reactors. This process was developed and used for Cupriavidus necator-mediated PHA production at high volumetric and specific PHA productivity (up to 2.31 g/(Lh) and 0.105 g/(gh), respectively). Based on the experimental data, formal kinetic and high structured kinetic models were established, accompanied by footprint area analysis of binary imaged cells. As a result of the study, there has been an enhanced understanding of the long-term continuous PHA production under balanced, transient, and nutrient-deficient conditions that was achieved on both the micro and the macro kinetic level. It can also be concluded that there were novel insights into the complex metabolic occurrences that developed during the multistage- continuous production of PHA as a secondary metabolite. This development was essential in paving the way for further process improvement. At the same time, a new method of specific growth rate and specific production rate based on footprint area analysis was established by using the electron microscope.
Erdem Budak, Faruk Beytar, Mertcan Özdemir, Beyza Nur Susam, Meriç Göker, Aytekin Ünlü and Osman Eroğul
Phantoms are specifically designed objects that are utilized or imaged to evaluate, analyze and tune the performance of experimental devices. In this project, it is aimed to design a phantom that responds in a similar manner with how human blood circulation would act in specific flow and pressure tests such as pulse measurement. Ballistic gelatin is a member of hydrogel family with 250 Bloom value which resembles human muscle tissue in terms of mechanical features. That’s why we carried out a uniaxial compression test on our gelatin sample to analyze its similarity of human muscle tissue in terms of elastic modulus, stiffness and rupture strength. Test results indicated that our gelatin sample has approximate values with organic human muscle tissue. Designed model was X-rayed and the similarities of the model to human texture were compared. After producing of lower limb phantoms, we carried out a circulation test through them by the aid of a peristaltic pump to simulate the actual blood circulation of human body limbs. This designed phantom is made ready for available flow and pressure tests.