José M. Palao, Policarpo Manzanares and David Valadés
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Charlini S. Hartz, Márcio A. G. Sindorf, Charles R. Lopes, José Batista and Marlene A. Moreno
The primary function of the respiratory system is to maintain alveolar ventilation, this being proportional to the metabolic needs ( Janssens et al., 2013 ). In high intensity exercises, maintained for a prolonged period, respiratory muscle performance decreases in response to increased respiratory muscle work and dyspnea, which will contribute to respiratory muscle fatigue and a decrease in global performance ( Wells and Norris, 2009 ). The decreased respiratory function can be associated with and is suggested to compromise performance during
João Serrano, Shakib Shahidian, Jaime Sampaio and Nuno Leite
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Carlos Lago-Peñas, María A. Fernández-Villarino, Iván González-García, Patricio Sánchez-Fernández and Jaime Sampaio
One of the aims of performance analysis is to provide an opportunity to predict sport performance in order to be well prepared for the future competitive scenarios ( Volossovitch, 2013 ). In fact, a fundamental question in this topic is whether research can be reliable enough to predict the future performance, rather than merely recounting the past ( Sampaio and Leite, 2013 ).
Unsurprisingly, the matches are widely discussed amongst fans, sports journalists, academic experts and elite coaches, sometimes using player and team evaluation
Beat Knechtle, Caio Victor de Sousa, Herbert Gustavo Simões, Thomas Rosemann and Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis
distances such as a multi-stage Ironman triathlon covering ten times the Ironman distance within ten days, performance progressively declined over the days ( Herbst et al., 2011 ; Knechtle et al., 2014 ).
In that regard, a Double Iron ultra-triathlon covers 7.6 km of swimming, 360 km of cycling and 84.4 km of running, a Triple Iron ultra-triathlon covers 11.4 km of swimming, 540 km of cycling and 126.6 km of running, a Quintuple Iron ultra-triathlon covers 19 km of swimming, 900 km of cycling and 211 km of running and a Deca Iron ultra-triathlon covers 38 km of
Blaz Lesnik, Damir Sekulic, Matej Supej, Michael R Esco and Milan Zvan
strongly influenced by anthropometric features, it is also possible that developmental changes of the body build modulate the relationship between balance and skiing results to some extent ( Claessens et al., 1999 ).
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between balance ability and skiing performance among young alpine-skiers. Namely, the study examined skiing competition results and their relationship with balance ability and anthropometric variables over two competitive seasons. Additionally, the relationships between the main anthropometric features
phenomenon ( Ng et al., 2011 ) can be improved by a regular resistance or weight training program. In addition to the aforementioned merits, anaerobic performance was enhanced after regular resistance training ( Fatouros et al., 2005 ; Santos and Janeira, 2012 ).
Considering the aspect of muscular performance, multiple sets or sessions of resistance training were superior to one single set or session of resistance training because of more training volume or loading ( Bottaro et al., 2011 ; Krieger, 2010 ). However, in contrast to the above-mentioned studies regarding