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Contribution of aerobic step and Pilates exercises to life quality increase

Abstract

Physical activity practiced on a constant, regular basis contributes directly to the improvement of the structure and functions of different organs and body systems. It can also counteract the appearance of some anatomic and functional deterioration and contribute to the correction of certain deficiencies caused by improper conditions of life/work in people’s life. This study analyses two forms of physical exercise - Aerobic Step and Pilates. The goal of the study is to identify the effects of practicing Aerobic Step and Pilates exercises on the bodies of those who practice these forms of physical exercise. The hypothesis of the research is that practicing on constant/regular basis different types of aerobic exercises combined with efficient nutrition ensures optimum physical condition for everyday activities. The activity was carried out at the “Beauty Centre” aerobic hall from Timisoara, Romania. The study was carried out between February and May 2013 on a sample of 25 people subjected to anthropometric and functional measurements (size, weight, hip perimeter and body weight index, percentage of muscular tissue) both before (initial test - It) and after (final test - Ft) Aerobic Step and Pilates programmes. Results show the efficiency of these programmes as pointed out by the diminution of hip perimeter, by normal IMC, and by the increase of the active muscular tissues.

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Quality of life in the city, quality of urban life or well-being in the city: Conceptualization and case study

Abstract

Quality of life research responds to the growth of urbanization in the world by increasing the focus on the quality of urban life; however, the dominant applied research tends to be without conceptualization of the quality of urban life. The aim of this paper is to answer the question whether the quality of urban life exists as an original, separate part of the concept of quality of life, or whether only the quality of life or the well-being of a certain city exists. The authors argue that the quality of urban life exists as an original category of quality of life and their beliefs are based on the fact that it can be measured separately. The quality of urban life is holistic, co-existing with the quality of life. The city from the point of view of quality of life research is a place, and the quality of urban life is the satisfaction with life in a city and the quality of place in it. This approach is applied to the quality of urban life and its measurement in the city of Liberec. The results are implications for policy-makers and urbanists.

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Lebensqualität und Dorfentwicklung. Eine Fallstudie aus Niedersachsen

Zusammenfassung

Vor dem Hintergrund des demographischen Wandels wird aktuell intensiv darüber diskutiert, wie die Lebensqualität in schrumpfenden Dörfern erhalten werden kann. In diesem Beitrag wird eine raumwissenschaftliche Perspektive eingenommen und mit dem psychologischen Konzept der Lebensqualität verknüpft. Die Ergebnisse einer qualitativen empirischen Untersuchung, in der 43 Dorfbewohner in vier niedersächsischen Dörfern danach gefragt wurden, wie sie selbst ihre Lebensqualität im Dorf bewerten und wo sie Handlungsbedarf, eigene Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten und Unterstützungsbedarf sehen, werden in Bezug gesetzt zu bestehenden und neuen Ansätzen der Dorfentwicklung. Im Ergebnis wird deutlich, dass die Dorfbewohner den sozialen Kontakten im Dorf eine hohe Bedeutung beimessen und dass diese einerseits direkt zur eigenen Lebenszufriedenheit beitragen, andererseits aber auch eine Basis für die gemeinschaftliche Gestaltung und Schaffung einer guten Lebensqualität im Dorf darstellen. Ausgehend von diesen Ergebnissen wird empfohlen, soziale Fragen der Dorfentwicklung in der Dorferneuerungsplanung stärker zu verankern sowie neue unterstützende Angebote weiter zu entwickeln. Insgesamt unterstreichen die Ergebnisse der Forschung die Bedeutung der zivilgesellschaftlichen Kraft der Dorfgemeinschaft, die als ein bedeutendes endogenes Potenzial eine stärkere Beachtung in der Dorfentwicklung verdient.

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How to assess quality of life. Theoretical and methodological research aspects in cross-border regions

References Andráško, I., 2005: Dve dimenzie kvality života v kontexte percepcií obyvateľov miest a vidieckych obcí (Two dimensions of life quality as perceived by rural and urban populations - in Slovak). In: Vaishar, A. and Ira, V. editors, Geografická organizace Česka a Slovenska v současném období, Brno (Ústav geoniky AV ČR), pp. 6-13. Andráško, I., 2006a: Percepcia kvality života v mestských štvrtiach Bratislavy (The perception of the quality of life in Bratislava city Wards - in Slovak). In: Geografická revue, Vol. 2, No 2

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Psycho-social determinants of sexual satisfaction in young, middle and late adulthood

References Acker, M., & Davis, M. (1992). Intimacy, passion and commitment in adult romantic relationships: A test of the triangular theory of love. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 21−50. Adams, C., & Turner, B.(1988). Reported change in preferred sexual activity over adult years. The Journal of Sex Research, 25(2), 289−303. Arrington, R., Cofrances, J., & Wu, A. (2004). Questionnaires to measure sexual quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 13, 1643−1658. Bancroft, J. (2009

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Spatial Quantile Regression In Analysis Of Healthy Life Years In The European Union Countries

Abstract

The paper investigates the impact of the selected factors on the healthy life years of men and women in the EU countries. The multiple quantile spatial autoregression models are used in order to account for substantial differences in the healthy life years and life quality across the EU members. Quantile regression allows studying dependencies between variables in different quantiles of the response distribution. Moreover, this statistical tool is robust against violations of the classical regression assumption about the distribution of the error term. Parameters of the models were estimated using instrumental variable method (Kim, Muller 2004), whereas the confidence intervals and p-values were bootstrapped.

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Immersive VR in Phantom Limb Pain Therapy of Amputee Patients Due to Critical Limb Ischemia

Abstract

Introduction: Phantom limb pain (PLP) occurs in approximately 75% of patients who undergo limb amputation. In identifying the etiopathogenic mechanisms, multidisciplinary approaches are increasingly important in explaining the causality based on neurological and psychological factors. PLP has many negative effects on the amputee's physical and mental integrity, which is why a variety of treatments have been conceived, whose effectiveness is rather limited.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an immersive virtual reality (IVR) intervention program using the mirror therapy principles in decreasing PLP.

Method: Twenty participants suffering from PLP were randomly assigned to one of the two intervention groups: IVR and kinesiotherapy, respectively. Pre- and post-intervention measurements were performed both on pain level and on several psychological variables: depression and anxiety symptoms, pain catastrophizing, quality of life, body representation and coping strategies.

Results: Preliminary data show a significant pain relief in patients in the IVR group compared to those in the kinesiotherapy group. Besides, significant improvement was found in the case of the patients in the IVR group, in terms of life quality improvement, reducing irrational pain catastrophizing-related thoughts and positive coping strategies (positive refocusing and reappraisal). There were no differences identified between the two groups in terms of anxiety and depression symptoms. Despite expectations, patients in the IVR group experienced a significant increase in one negative coping strategy: rumination.

Conclusions: The results obtained are advocating the use of IVI intervention as a method phantom limb pain alleviation, with positive consequences on patients' life quality.

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The quality of sexual life of women with menopause

Abstract

Introduction. The approach to women, menopause and its consequences have changed – the perimenopausal period has stopped being treated as the end of femininity, career and sexual activity. However, symptoms coexisting with menopause influence health and female’s life quality. A decrease of sexual activity is observed as one of the most frequent symptoms, and it is induced by physiological and psychological factors.

Aim. Assessment of sexual life quality among women with menopause and defining the main factors influencing this area.

Material and methods. Thanks to an original questionnaire composed of 28 questions, single and multiple choice, 200 women in the perimenopausal period were examined between July and September 2017.

Results. The number of 200 women in perimenopausal period were chosen accidentally. The questionnaire was filled out via the Internet. Statistically significant factors occurred to be: level of education – higher education is connected with more frequent sexual activity, professional activity – 81% of working women remain sexually active while 73% of non-working females deny being sexually active. Hormonal Replacement Therapy does not influence the frequency of sexual contact but it alleviates vagina dryness, and provides a higher level of agitation during cohabitation.

Conclusion. Higher educated and professionally active women declare better life satisfaction and see themselves as attractive. However, marital status remains meaningless as well as Hormonal Replacement Therapy. It was observed that men from rural areas and towns initiate sexual contact more often.

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Quality of life and functional fitness of the elderly

Quality of life and functional fitness of the elderly

Study aim: To assess the perceived life quality and functional fitness of elderly subjects.

Material and methods: Two groups of subjects, aged 70 - 92 years, were studied: residents of a nursing home (Group R; n = 53) and those attending daytime nursing homes (Group D; n = 76). The EuroQol 5D questionnaire, and Romberg's and The Fullerton Functional Fitness tests were applied.

Results: Subjects from Group D perceived their daily functioning and general feeling much higher than those from Group R. Group R seemed more homogenous in that respect than Group D since only in the former all three indices of the quality of life (daily functioning, general feeling and perceived health) were significantly intercorrelated (p<0.05 - 0.001).

Conclusions: Social aid for the elderly ought to be focused on stimulating them to be active instead of giving them a direct assistance only.

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Why Education for Sustainable Development Needs Early Childhood Education: The Case of Norway

Abstract

With this article, the author intends to outline a legitimising basis for implementing education for sustainable development (ESD) in early childhood education, in juridical, pedagogical and political terms. Starting from our current ecological crisis, the ontological assumptions of modern culture are considered obstructive to possibilities for mitigation. The author affirms a need for constructing new conceptual frameworks in the field of ESD suitable also for the youngest children. The very logic of the reigning notion of knowledge requires revision in order to secure successful implementation as well as fostering citizens with the moral agency required to meet calamity. Ontological insights from deep ecology are suggested integrated with the more practical epistemological concept of ecological habitus. Possible gains are not exclusively related to sustainability, but also include positive impacts on the life quality of young children as such.

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