Ashenfelter O. Card D. Handbook of Labor Economics Amsterdam North-Holland 1801 1863
Chiswick, B. (1999): Are Immigrants Favorably Self-Selected? American Economic Review 89(2), 181-185. 10.1257/aer.89.2.181
Chiswick B. 1999 Are Immigrants Favorably Self-Selected? American Economic Review 89 2 181 185
Chiswick, Barry R. (1978): The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-Born Men. Journal of Political Economy 86(55), 897-922. 10.1086/260717
Chiswick Barry R. 1978 The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of
Pablo de Pedraza, Marcos Álvarez-Díaz and Marcos Domínguez-Torreiro
might be used as a stepping stone toward more secure working conditions. The analysis of drivers reflecting transitions toward permanent contracts and higher salaries can shed light on this issue. Higher levels of self-employment are also assumed to reflect negatively upon the overall level of job security in the economy.
Finally, higher rates of involuntary uptake of part-time and temporary jobs will also be related to higher job insecurity.
Employment security refers to the probability of staying in employment during the entire career, but not necessarily in
by 10% from 2013 to 2017 and more than half the population is under the age of 25 years (BPNG 2018; UNFPA 2014). Formal sector employment peaked at 16% of the labor force in 2013 following 6 years of strong economic growth driven from some mining projects; however, since this time the non-mining economy has been undergoing a significant downturn ( Jones and McGavin, 2015 ; BPNG, 2018). Two-thirds of formal sector jobs are in the private sector (heavily concentrated in the wholesale and retail trade sector and construction), with the remainder in the public sector
Journal of Finance & Economics, 20(1), 48-60. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijfe.1498
Claessens, S., Tong, H., and Wei, S. J., 2012. From the financial crisis to the real economy: Using firm-level data to identify transmission channels. Journal of International Economics, 88(2), 375-387. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2012.02.015
Cojocaru, L., Falaris, E. M., Hoffman, S. D., and Miller, J. B., 2016. Financial system development and economic growth in transition economies: New empirical evidence from the CEE and CIS countries
Yaroslav I. Vyklyuk, Valeriy K. Yevdokymenko and Ihor V. Yaskal
crisis period in Romania. The industry case. Theoretical and Applied Economics, XX(6(583)), 139-148.
Garg, E. M., Singh, E. M., and Girdher, E. V., 2012. Comparative study of economic load dispatch (ELD) using modified Hopfield neural network. International Journal of Computing & Business Research. http://www.researchmanuscripts.com/isociety2012/43.pdf
Gedz, M., 2014. Regulation of Structural Changes in the economy of Ukraine. The Russian Academic Journal, 29(3), 35-38. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15535/279
Hopfield, J. J
Jesús Manuel de Sancha Navarro, Luis Palma Martos and María Dolores Oliver-Alfonso
Taking into account that one of the major handicaps when undertaken in the cultural sector is the problem of cost and demand volatility, this paper aims to implement a viability plan for the entrepreneurship of a lyric theatre low-cost company, dedicated to Zarzuela performance, a type of Spanish music like Opera. Firstly, the cultural sector data are analysed in terms of supply and demand and secondly a viability plan is carried out for three years. According to the results it is concluded that this type of venture is very risky if you do not have grant or other financial resources, due to the variability of demand and the increase in unit costs as the artistic performance has a fixed production technology that cannot absorb the technical progress of the rest of the economy.
Kamran Mahmodpour, Mohammad N. Shahiki Tash and Mohammad Hassan Fotros
This paper investigates, using a multi-product paradigm, the market structure of the Iranian banking sector to evaluate the role of scale. In so doing, we checked for economies of scope by multi-product cost function as well as the impact of potential economies on the banking sector structure including 18 banks during the period 2008–2014. The changes in Panzar-Rosse H-Statistic as a result of the variety in products reflect changes in the monopolistic power. The results show that an increase in the variety of offered products increases banks’ monopolistic power.
Economic Association. Ankara.
Banerjee, A. V., and Newman, A. F., 1993. Occupational choice and the process of development. Journal of Political Economy, 101 (2), 274-298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/261876
Bayrakdar, S., Demez, S., and Yapar, M., 2015. Testing the validity of Wagner’s law: 1998-2004, the case of Turkey. Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195 , 493-500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.251
Cooray, A., 2009. Government expenditure, governance and economic growth. Comparative Economic Studies, 51 (3), 401-418. http
Andersen, V. K., and Lorenzen, M., 2005. The Geography of the Danish Creative Class: A Mapping and Analysis Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/441896/The_Geography_of_the_Danish_Creative
Boschma, R. A., and Fritsch, M., 2007. Creative Class and Regional Growth-Empirical Evidence from Eight European Countries. Jena Economic Research Paper. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1023869
Bouquillion, P., and Le Corf, J. B., 2012. Concepts of creative industries and creative economies: what are the
Initial Public Offering (IPO) Price of the Shares on the Tehran Stock Exchange. Research in World Economy, 5 (2), 68-73. doi: 10.5430/rwe.v5n2p68
Bateni, L., Roodposhti, F. R., Poorzamani, Z., and Asghari, F., 2014. The Relationship between IPO Price and Liquidity: Empirical Evidences from Iran. 6 (6), 226-233. doi: 10.5539/ijef.v6n6p226
Berk, A. S., and Peterle, P., 2015. Initial and Long-Run IPO Returns in Central and Eastern Europe. Emerging Markets Finance & Trade, 51 (sup6), S42-S60. doi: 10.1080/1540496X.2015.1080555
Bicanic, I., 1993