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Public reactions towards wind energy instalments. Case study: Romania and the Netherlands

Abstract

Wind energy experienced an exponential development in the past two decades, forming a main source of energy today, but also a frequently encountered issue of debate due to the increased proximity of wind turbines to citizens’ residence, especially in the case of the Western part of the European Union. Although the benefits of renewable sources of energy represent a compulsory effort towards ensuring sustainable energy strategies for the future, due to the increased pressure of balancing climate change, limitation of traditional energy resources and economic competition, the expansion of wind parks has caused strong reactions of local communities in many regions leading to the reorganization of public exposure strategies of many companies in the field. This research intends to offer a sample of public perceptions of wind turbines depending on several influence factors, based on the answers of 64 Dutch citizens and 40 Romanian respondents. Through the implementation of the Delphi method based on questionnaires and interviews, an overview of perceptions towards placement of wind turbines in the two analyzed countries has been offered, providing significant answers to the influence factors of public reactions for or against wind turbines. The main results of the research revealed the importance of financial benefits in increasing public acceptance of wind farms, as well as several subjective factors, such as the visual impact of wind turbines and onshore or offshore placement, that contribute to a positive or negative behavior of citizens towards it.

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Tobin Tax: Arguments and Current Derivative Studies

Abstract

Tobin Tax and its derivative applications have started to be discussed again in many platforms as the issue regarding taxation of short-term capital movements has become an agenda among international communities such as European Union (EU) and G20 since the beginning of 2000s. In this study, Tobin Tax, which is the first significant step towards taxation of foreign currency transactions, has been discussed theoretically and considering its possible effects on application. Also, in this context, the initiatives of countries such as USA, Belgium, France and Austria regarding international implementation of Tobin Tax and its derivatives are being evaluated. The intended use of the taxes, determination of transactions exempt from tax and international cooperation in the implementation of taxation are possible problems that can be faced regarding Tobin Tax. In this study the conclusion, which the effects of Tobin Tax in developing and developed countries will be different but imposing such tax regarding cyclic balance of the world economy will be a positive improvement, has been reached.

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From The Lisbon Strategy To Europe 2020

Europa 2020 pentru o creştere inteligentă, durabilă şi favorabilă incluziunii, Raport al Camerei Deputaţilor, 2014 publicat în Monitorul Oficial nr.431 din 12 iunie 2014 Copeland, P., Papadimitriou, D. (2012) The EU’s Lisbon Strategy. Evaluating Success, Understanding Failure, Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics: Series Editors: Michelle Egan, Neil Nugent and Wiliam Paterson, October 2012 Daniel, A. (2009) The EU Cohesion Policies and the Lisbon Strategy, Editura Grin, Norderstedt, Drăgan, G., Drăgoi, M.C., (2013

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Mapping higher education for sustainable development in Portugal

Abstract

Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) addresses sustainable development issues, in the economic, environmental, and social dimensions. The positive role of higher education institutions (HEIs), such as Universities and Polytechnic Institutes, in educating decision makers and leaders, and therefore contributing to progress and the public good, has been widely acknowledged. This investigation aims to map the BSc and MSc courses offered by Portuguese HEIs that address Sustainability (or Social Responsibility, or Ethics) in their curricula with the aim of proving their graduates with the right knowledge and competencies to overcome the Sustainable Development challenges. A systematic review utilizing a structured approach was used to analyze Portuguese HEIs BSc and MSc courses and the content analysis of their curricular units. The conclusions show that Sustainability (or Social Responsibility, or Ethics) is covered in most Social Sciences, Engineering, and Management, BSc and MSc courses, offered by the top 8 Portuguese Higher Education Institutions. However, ESD is fragmented by different approaches, issues, methodologies, and implications, lacking a consistent body of knowledge. Some courses focus more on the Social dimension, while others are more directed to the Environment or the Economic one. Sometimes the chosen approach is more normative (do what is right to do; the ethical way) and in other cases is more instrumental (do what is good for the business; the business case). Social Sciences, Engineering and Science, and Management and Economics are the three top clusters that address Sustainability related syllabus in their curricula, with 49 hours teaching hours in average for the curricular units covering Sustainability (with considerable variation). Universities have more curricular units addressing the topic while Polytechnic Institutes show a higher number of hours per curricular unit and most are of compulsory nature (while in Universities more than 50% of the curricular units are of optional nature). As the collected information was in some cases of generic nature, additional research should be used to confirm and detail these results and evaluate the effectiveness of this education to empower students to act as change agents for Sustainable Development. Benchmarking with other countries (e.g., from the European Union) is also an interesting avenue to pursue this investigation.

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Tax Performance Assessment in Scandinavian Countries

.com/content/dam/Deloitte/global/Documents/Tax/dttl-taxswedenhighlights-2014.pdf European Commission, (2014) Taxation Trends in the European Union, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg Hagemann, R., (2010) “Improving Fiscal Performance Through Fiscal Councils”, OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 829, OECD Publishing. doi: 10.1787/5km33sqsqq9v-en Jürgen von Hagen, (2006) “Fiscal Rules and Fiscal Performance in the EU and Japan”, Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 147 Khalilzadeh-Shirazi, J

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Durable Rural Development Through the 2014 - 2020 National Rural Development Program

5. References Andrei, L.C. (2011), European Economy , Economic Publisher, Bucharest European Commission (2015), Young farmers and the CAP . Brussels: Publications Office of the European Union EU Regulation nr.1307/17.12.2013 Feher, A., Gosa V., Stanciu, S.M., Raicov, M., Pentea, O.A. (2012), Rural development financing. The new E.U. Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020 , Lucrări ştiinţifice Management Agricol, Seria I, vol. XIV(3), pp. 299-304, ISSN: 1453-1410 National Rural Development Programme for the 2014 – 2020

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Energy security: between markets and sovereign politics

References Axelrod, R. and Keohane, R. (1985), “Achieving Cooperation under Anarchy: Strategies and Institutions”, World Politics, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 226-254. Goldthau, A. and Sitter, N. (2015), A Liberal Actor in a Realist World: The European Union Regulatory State and the Global Political Economy of Energy, London: Oxford University Press. Grieco, J.M. (1988), “Anarchy and the Limits of Cooperation: A Realist Critique of the Newest Liberal Institutionalism”, International Organization, Vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 485-507. Hoyos, C. (2007), “The

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Energy efficiency model for small/medium geothermal heat pump systems

, D., Bolay, S., Rybach, L. and Blum, P. (2012), “Greenhouse gas emission savings of ground source heat pump systems in Europe: A review”, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., Vol. 16, pp. 1256-1267. BDH (2012), Positionspapier Smart Grid und Smart Market, Bundesverband Wärmepumpe. BMU (2012), Policy Report Contribution of Energy Efficiency Measures to Climate Protection within the European Union until 2050, BMU, Berlin. Bohne, D. (2014), Technischer Ausbau von Gebäuden, 10th Edition, Kohlhammer, Stuttgart

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Competitiveness of Ukraine in Aspect of the EU Integration and Eastern Partnership Convergence

Partnership countries regarding economic development level – a dynamic approach. Research Papers of Wrocław University of Economics , No.286, p. 144-156 Dickerson, D.; Pore, W. (2015) A Reconcilable Strategy for Sustaining Vietnam’s Competitive Advantage, VNU Journal of Science: Economics and Business , 31 (2), pp.51-62 Available at http://tapchi.ueb.edu.vn/ Kharlamova, G. (2015) The European union and the Eastern Partnership: convergence of economies, Procedia Economics and Finance , 27, pp. 29-41 doi:10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00968-5 Kharlamova, G

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Rethinking the state-market relations in the New Age of development

between the knowledge economy and global competitiveness in the European Union”, Sustainability, Vol.10, No. 6, pp. 1706, 1-15. Dobrescu, P. (2017), The Century of the Emerging World, Development with a Vengeance, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Cambridge. Fenby, J. (2017), Will China dominate the 21-st century? 2 nd edition, Polity, New York. Ferguson, N. (2017), “The false prophecy of hyperconnection”, Foreign Affairs, September/October 2017 Issue. Gao, V. Z. (2018), “Why is Deng Xiaoping’s 1992 Southern Inspection Tour still relevant today?” China

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