could be developed and tested. According to Gibbons et al. (1994) , knowledge is produced by configuring human capital that is more malleable than physical capital. Indeed human capital can be configured in different ways to generate new forms of specialized knowledge. The new economics of production can be interpreted as a shift from search for economies of scale to economies of scope where the latter arise from the ability to re-configurate human resources and particularly knowledge in new ways ( Gibbons et al., 1994 , p. 63). Traditional and new forms of knowledge
Xianlei Dong, Jian Xu, Ying Ding, Chenwei Zhang, Kunpeng Zhang and Min Song
.bushor.2011.01.005 Kietzmann J.H. Hermkens K. McCarthy I.P. Silvestre B.S. 2011 Social media? Get serious! Understanding the functional building blocks of social media Business Horizons 54 3 241 251
Kushi, L.H., Byers, T., Doyle, C., Bandera, E.V., McCullough, M., Gansler, T., . . . Thun, M.J. (2006). American Cancer Society guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: Reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 56(5), 254–281. 10.3322/canjclin.56.5.254 Kushi L
Loet Leydesdorff, Wouter de Nooy and Lutz Bornmann
recursion in the evaluation of the accumulated advantages ( Price, 1976 ). Unlike these other measures, in PWR the disadvantages are appreciated equally with the advantages; the “power” (gains) is divided by the “weakness” (losses). In studies of sporting tournament (e.g. crickets), the ranking using PWR was found to outperform other rankings ( Prathap, 2014 ).
In this study, we respond to this proposal in detail by testing PWR empirically in the citation matrix of 83 journals assigned to the Web-of-Science (WoS) category “Library and Information Science” (LIS) in the
Ling Wei, Haiyun Xu, Zhenmeng Wang, Kun Dong, Chao Wang and Shu Fang
providing emotional support, such as offering advice on family problems, indicates a stronger tie. Burt (2004) proposed that structural factors such as network topology and informal social circles shape tie strength. Gilbert and Karahalios (2009) presented a predictive model that maps social media data to tie strength, and tested the seven dimensions of tie strength suggested by the existing literature. They found that intimacy makes the greatest contribution to tie strength. Gilbert (2009) also mentioned that threshold value can be used to define strong and weak
, demonstrate the value of metadata entrenched in data science.
Summary and Conclusions
Metadata, while applauded by many, has not been vigorously pursued as a research topic in data science, compared to statistical modeling, algorithm testing, data mining, and visualization. To be clear, there is metadata research; however, metadata focused scientific and scholarly output in data science venues has not kept pace with these other topics. Articulating a problem is one of the first steps to addressing a challenge. This paper pursued initial steps to addressing this
For each of the five broad fields of science distinguished in the LR 2017, Figure 5 shows the share of all sessions in which the field was selected. The differences are not very large, with the most popular field, physical sciences and engineering, being selected less than twice as often as the least popular field, life and earth sciences.
Share of all sessions in which a specific field was selected on the list view page.
Figure 6 shows the share of all sessions in which a specific region (i.e., continent) was selected
Jon Garner, Alan L. Porter, Andreas Leidolf and Michelle Baker
interest in that substantial collaboration among an arbitrary set of collegial researchers would not be expected to increase markedly in the time periods studied. We note CG2 here for completeness, and draw limited comparisons.
The general hypothesis is that participation in iUTAH increases collaboration and the degree of interdisciplinarity in the research of its members. Testing of the hypotheses of changed publication outputs, citations received, and especially, collaboration patterns centers on comparing the treatment and comparison groups, Before and After. The
Mapping Scientific Frontiers: The Quest for Knowledge Visualization (Springer 2003, 2013). Dr. Chen has published over 200 peerreviewed articles in multiple disciplines, including computer science and information science. His work has been cited over 12,000 times on Google Scholar. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and other government agencies as well as industrial sponsors such as Elsevier, IMS Health, Lockheed Martin, and Pfizer. His earlier research was funded by the European Commission, the Engineering and Physical Sciences