Sensing, 20 (1), 139-152. doi:10.1080/014311699213659. Medrilzam M., Dargusch P., Herbohn J., Smith C. 2013. The socio-ecological drivers of forest degradation in part of the tropical peatlands of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forestry, 87 (2), 335-345. doi:10.1093/forestry/cpt033. Michetti M., Zampieri M. 2014. Climate-human-land interactions: A review of major modelling approaches. Land, 3 (3), 793-833. doi:10.3390/land3030793. Miller J.H. 1998. Active nonlinear tests (ANTs) of complex simulation models. Management
Addo Koranteng and Tomasz Zawila-Niedzwiecki
Mehdi Heydari, Hassan Poorbabaei, Masoud Bazgir, Ali Salehi and Javad Eshaghirad
distribution of earthworms and soil properties in an arable loess soil.Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 24, 1601-1608. Rashidi M., Seilsepour M. 2008. Modeling of soil cation exchange capacity based on Soil organic carbon.Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 3, 41-45. Reich P.B., Oleksyn J., Modrzynski, J., Mrozinski P., Hobbie S.E., Eissenstat D.M., Chorover J., Chadwick O.A., Hale C.M., Tjoelker M.G. 2005. Linking litter calcium, earthearthworm and soil properties: A common garden test with 14 tree species. Ecology Letters, 8, 811
I. Šoltýsová, D. Toropilová and T. de Vringer
Active ingredients in pharmaceuticals differ by their physico-chemical properties and their bioavailability therefore varies. The most frequently used and most convenient way of administration of medicines is oral, however many drugs are little soluble in water. Thus they are not sufficiently effective and suitable for such administration. For this reason a system of lipid based formulations (LBF) was developed. Series of formulations were prepared and tested in water and biorelevant media. On the basis of selection criteria, there were selected formulations with the best emulsification potential, good dispersion in the environment and physical stability. Samples of structurally different drugs included in the Class II of the Biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) were obtained, namely Griseofulvin, Glibenclamide, Carbamazepine, Haloperidol, Itraconazol, Triclosan, Praziquantel and Rifaximin, for testing of maximal saturation in formulations prepared from commercially available excipients. Methods were developed for preparation of formulations, observation of emulsification and its description, determination of maximum solubility of drug samples in the respective formulation and subsequent analysis. Saturation of formulations with drugs showed that formulations 80 % XA and 20 % Xh, 35 % XF and 65 % Xh were best able to dissolve the drugs which supports the hypothesis that it is desirable to identify limited series of formulations which could be generally applied for this purpose.
Zofia Sokołowicz, Józefa Krawczyk and Magdalena Dykiel
. World’s Poultry Sci. J., Suppl. 69. Clerici F., Casiraghi E., Hidalgo A., Rossi M. (2006). Evaluation of eggshell quality characteristics in relation to the housing system of laying hens. XII Eur. Poultry Conf., Verona-Italy, 10732. Dalle Zotte A., Sartori A., Bordesan V. (2013). Physical egg quality from organic versus conventional laying hens. Proc. XV Eur. Symp. on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products, Bergamo. Bergamo 15-19 September 2013. Dudek M., Rabsztyn A. (2011). Egg quality of dual-purpose hens intended for
Stepanović, Tamara Ilić, Nikola Krstić and Sanda Dimitrijević
.: Serological screening of canine heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) infections in Turkey. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2012, 125, 503-508. 14. Magnis J., Lorentz S., Guardone L., Grimm F., Magi M., Naucke J.T., Deplazes P.: Morphometric analyses of canine blood microfilariae isolated by the Knott’s test enables Dirofilaria immitis and D. repens species-specific and Acanthocheilonema (syn. Dipetalonema) genus-specific diagnosis. Parasit Vectors 2013, 6, 48-52. 15. Mc Call J.W.: The safety-net story about macro cyclic lactone heartworm
Tomasz Próchniak, Iwona Rozempolska-Rucińska, Grzegorz Zięba and Marek Łukaszewicz
References Ducro B.J., Koenen E.P.C., Van Tartwijk J.M.F.M., Bovenhuis H. (2007). Genetic relations of movement and free-jumping traits with dressage and show-jumping performance in competition of Dutch Warmblood horses. Livest. Sci., 107: 227-234. Górecka- Bruzda A., Chruszczewski M.H., Jezierski T., Murphy J. (2011). Behaviour- related traits of Polish sport horse stallions participating in 100-day performance tests. Livest. Sci., 136: 207-215. Koenen E.P.C., Aldridge L.I. (2002). Testing and genetic
Anna Rekiel, Justyna Bartosik, Justyna Więcek, Martyna Batorska, Beata Kuczyńska and Anna Łojek
The objective of the study was to determine how different birth weights of piglets influence some chemical and physical characteristics of pig meat. Piglets were grouped according to birth weight: ≤1.30 kg (group I), 1.31-1.70 kg (group II), ≥1.71 kg (group III). Animals were reared and fattened under standardized housing and feeding conditions. Tests were conducted with 60 samples of meat (20 per group) collected from the right side of the carcasses (M. longissimus lumborum) of threebreed crosses of (Polish Landrace × Polish Large White) × Duroc (barrows to gilts, 1:1), which were slaughtered at about 180 days of age. Determinations were made of basic chemical composition, colour of meat, drip loss, shear force value, and fatty acid profile. It was found that the birth weight of the piglets affects meat colour (redness), crude fat content and the proportion of some fatty acids (C16:1, C20:1 n-9, C20:2 n-6, C20:5 n-3).
Marcin Barszcz, Anna Tuśnio, Marcin Taciak, Jolanta Paradziej-Łukowicz, Marek Molenda and Andrzej Morawski
in commercial chow: implications for pathways influenced by hormones. Lab. Invest., 81: 735-747. Fell J.T., Newton J.M. (1970). Determination of tablet strength by the diametral-compression test. J. Pharm. Sci., 59: 688-691. Ford D.J. (1976). The effect of methods of sterilization on the nutritive value of protein inacommercial rat diet. Brit. J. Nutr., 35: 267-276. Nicklas W., Baneux P., Boot R., Decelle T., Deeny A.A., Fumanelli M., Illgen - - Wilcke B. (2002). Recommendations for the health monitoring of rodent and
I. Šulla, V. Balik, S. Horňák and V. Ledecký
Severe spinal cord injuries (SCI), causing physical handicaps and accompanied by many serious complications, remains one of the most challenging problems in both, human and veterinary health care practices. The central nervous system in mammals does not regenerate, so the neurological deficits in a dog following SCI persists for the rest of its life and the affected animals display an image of permanent suffering. Diagnostics are based on: neurological examination, plain x-rays of vertebral column, x-rays of the vertebral column following intrathecal administration of a water-soluble contrast medium (myelography), x-rays of the vertebral column following epidural administration of a contrast medium (epidurography), computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Currently, only limited therapeutic measures are available for the dogs with SCIs. They include: the administration of methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS) during the acute stage; early spinal cord decompression; stabilisation of vertebral fractures or luxations; prevention and treatment of complications, and expert rehabilitation. Together with the progress in the understanding of pathophysiologic events occurring after SCI, different therapeutic strategies have been instituted, including the local delivery of MPSS, the utilisation of novel pharmacological agents, hypothermia, and stem/precursor cell transplantation have all been tested in the experimental models and preclinical trials with promising results. The aim of this review is the presentation of the generally accepted methods of diagnostics and management of dogs with SCIs, as well as to discuss new therapeutic modalities. The research strategy involved a PubMed, Medline (Ovid), Embase (Ovid) and ISI Web of Science literature search from January 2001 to December 2017 using the term “spinal cord injury”, in the English language literature; also references from selected papers were scanned and relevant articles included.
F. Jezˇek and H. Buchtova´
): biochemical and sensory attributes. Eur Food Res Technol 224: 545-553. Hernandez MD, López MB,A¨ lvarez A, Ferrandini E, Garc´ıa Garc´ıa B, Garrido MD ( 2009 ) Sensory, physical, chemical and microbiological changes in aquacultured meagre ( Argyrosomus regius ) fillets during ice storage. Food Chem 114: 237-245. Huss HH ( 1995 ) Quality and quaity changes in fresh fish. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper-348. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Jezˇek F, Buchtova´ H ( 2007 ) Physical and chemical changes