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Elmira Muratova

these events in the development of victimization narratives and political mobilization of the Crimean Tatars ( Nikolko 2018 , Ozcelik 2015 ). They point to the change in the politics of memory in annexed Crimea, where “depolitization together with generalization of the memorial dates and events is followed by unification of memorial practices” ( Nikolko 2018 , 88). Nikolko stressed that the repressive trends developing in Crimea provided a very little hope for fair research and public discussion of the traumatic past in Crimea. According to her, the “new authorities

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Vladimír Baar and Daniel Jakubek

declared its independence from Tsarist Russia. However, on March 27, 1918, it was united with Romania by a decision of the Moldavian Assembly. Both in 1859 and in 1918, the Moldavian element in the process of Romanian unification was of crucial importance ( Ghimpu 2002 ). In 1859, Moldavian Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected in both principalities, formalizing the official union. However, in 1918, Moldavia decided on unification. Bukovina and Transylvania waited until November and December 1918, respectively. There is an emphasis on the unity perceived between the

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Tereza Juhászová

historian Pierre Nora understood museums as one of the elementary tools of history, perceived by him as problematic reconstructions of the past ( Nora 1989 , 12). Museums, according to Nora, are lieux de mémoire (places of memory), “the ultimate embodiments of a memorial consciousness that has barely survived in a historical age that calls out for memory because it has abandoned it” ( Nora 1989 , 12). Cultural and social memory is in permanent evolution in developing individuals as well as among groups and, therefore, differs from history, which is static and universal