Claudia-Mariana Handra, Eugenia Naghi and Marina Ruxandra Oțelea
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Iwona Lisowska, Magdalena Lewicka, Magdalena Sulima, Weronika Topyła, Dominik Ruta and Artur Wdowiak
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and sports experiences. The way they perceive themselves and others together with their beliefs, will also become the basis of their social interactions and their general health. Negative and maladaptive beliefs may lead to depression disorders. These occur due to a misinterpretation of events and negative representations of oneself, the world and the future (called the cognitive triad) ( Knapp and Beck, 2008 ). The way of perceiving oneself and the surrounding world plays an important role in coping with stress, including the stress related to sports competition
Ahmed Waqas, Aqsa Iftikhar, Zahra Malik, Kapil Kiran Aedma, Hafsa Meraj and Sadiq Naveed
size (1200) and response distribution of 50% ( Kane, 2019 ). For regression analysis, a minimum of 194 participants were required for an anticipated effect size of 0.15 (f 2 ), alpha error of 0.05 and statistical power of 95 and 14 predictors. The participants responded to a self-administered paper based survey comprising of five parts: a) demographics b) Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), c) Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), d) Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and e) PerceivedStress Scale-4 (PSS-4). Time for completion of the
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Dutka, J., Dutka, Ł., Janiszewski
Petros G. Botonis, Argyris G. Toubekis and Theodoros I. Platanou
assess general indicators of players’ wellness. The questionnaire was comprised of five questions related to perceived fatigue, sleep quality, general muscle soreness, stress levels and mood with each question scored on a five-point scale (McLeanet al., 2010). The questionnaire was completed daily upon awakening and concerned the preceding daily training load. The overall wellness was then determined by summing the five scores.
Two days before the commencement of the intervention (baseline) as well as one day after the end of overloading and tapering phases, players