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Nan Pang and Feixiong Zhang

–9. K atsuhara M, and K awasaki T. 1996. Salt stress induced nuclear and DNA degradation in meristematic cells of barley roots. Plant Cell Physiology 37: 169–173. K err JFR, W yllie AH, and C urrie AR. 1972. Apoptosis: a basic biological phenomenon with wide-ranging implications in tissue kinetics. British Journal of Cancer 26: 239–257. K rishnamurthy KV, K rishnarai R, C hozhavendan R, and C hristopher FS. 2000. The program of cell death in plants and animals – A comparison. Current Science 79: 1169–1181. M unne -B osch S, and A

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P. Androsiuk, A. Shimono, J. Westin, D. Lindgren, A. Fries and X.-R. Wang

. and E. A. THOMPSON (1992): Performing the exact test of Hardy-Weinberg proportions for multiple alleles. Biometrics 48: 361-372. HAMRICK, J. L., M. J. W. GODT and S. L. SHERMAN-BROYLES (1992): Factors influencing levels of genetic diversity in woody plant species. New For. 6: 95-124. HANNERZ, M. and B. HANELL (1997): Effects on the flora in Norway spruce forests following clearcutting and shelterwood cutting. For. Ecol. Manage. 90: 29-49. HARDY, O. J. and X. VEKEMANS (2002): SPAGeDi: a versatile computer program to

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Marcin Samiec and Maria Skrzyszowska

. Reprod., 69: 1060-1068. Idziorek T., Estaquier J., De Bels F., Ameisen J.C. (1995). YO-PRO-1 permits cytofluorometric analysis of programmed cell death (apoptosis) without interfering with cell viability. J. Immunol. Methods, 185: 249-258. Jang G., Park E.S., Cho J.K., Bhuiyan M.M., Lee B.C., Kang S.K., Hwang W.S. (2004). Preimplantational embryo development and incidence of blastomere apoptosis in bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos reconstructed with long-term cultured donor cells. Theriogenology, 62: 512

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I. Blada

.: Relative blister-rust resistance of native and introduced white pines in Romania, pp. 415-416. In: HEYBROEK et al (Eds.) Resistance to diseases and pests in forest trees. PUDOC, Wageningen, the Netherlands, 503 p. (1982) BLADA, I.: Genetic resistance to Cronartium ribicola and height growth in some five needle pines and in some interspecific hybrids. Ph.D. Thesis, Agricultural and Forestry Academy of Science, Bucharest, 146 p. (1987). - BLADA, I.: Nuclear and extra nuclear genetic effects in F1 reciprocal hybrids between Pinus strobus and

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Barbara Fussi and M. Konnert

.2): a computer program to calculate F-statistics. Journal of Heredity 86: 485-486. GÖMÖRY, D., L. PAULE, D. KRAJMEROVÁ, I. ROMSÁKOVÁ and J. PIECKA (2012): Gene exchange across a postglacial contact zone in Fraxinus excelsior L. Silvae Genetica 61: 18-27. HARTL, D. L. and A. G. CLARK (1997): Principles of Population Genetics (3rd edn). Sinauer Associates, Sunderland MA. HEBEL, I., E. ALDINGER, R. HASS, M. KAROPKA, A. BOGENRIEDER and A. DOUNAVI (2006a): Untersuchungen zur Pollenverbreitung und Pollenkontamination in einer

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Nick Shykinov, Robert Rulko and Dariusz Mroz

References [1] World Nuclear Association, http://www.worldnuclear.org/info/ , 2015. [2] International Atomic Energy Agency, Preparation of Feasibility Study for New Nuclear Power Projects , IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. NG-T-3.3, Vienna, Austria, 2014. [3] Schneider M., Froggatt A. et al., World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2014 , Mycle Schneider Consulting, Washington, D.C, U.S.A, 2014. [4] Province of Ontario, Ontario Moving Forward with Nuclear Refurbishment at Darlington and Pursuing Continued Operations at Pickering to 2024

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Juraj Králik

, J. Dynamics of structures, Mc Graw-Hill, Inc.1993. [4] IAEA, Technical Report, Guidelines for WWER 440/213 Containment Evaluation, IAEA/TA-2488, RER/9/035, WWER-SC-170, Vienna, 1996. [5] IAEA, Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Design, Requirements, No. NS-R-1, Vienna, 2000. [6] JCSS-OSTL/DIA/VROU-10-11-2000, Probabilistic Model Code, Part 1 Basis of Design, Working material, http://www.jcss.ethz.ch/, 2001. [7] KALA, Z. Sensitivity analysis of steel plane frames with initial imperfections, Engineering

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Ivan Němec and Šárka Sychrová

Abstract

The presented article is a contribution to the discussion concerning nuclear safety which has intensified after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. A parametric study concerning various materials, containment wall thicknesses and different aircraft speeds at the time of impact was performed. The aim of this study was to establish damage extent of various variants of a containment structure. Containment damage was evaluated by means of the value of maximum permanent deformation and plastic strain extent. The purpose of this study was also to foster experiential suggestions for improving the explicit method in the RFEM program in order to release it for RFEM users.

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Ryszard Romaniuk

EuCARD 2010 Accelerator Technology in Europe

Accelerators are basic tools of the experimental physics of elementary particles, nuclear physics, light sources of the fourth generation. They are also used in myriad other applications in research, industry and medicine. For example, there are intensely developed transmutation techniques for nuclear waste from nuclear power and atomic industries. The European Union invests in the development of accelerator infrastructures inside the framework programs to build the European Research Area. The aim is to build new infrastructure, develop the existing, and generally make the infrastructure available to competent users. The paper summarizes the first year of activities of the EU FP7 Project Capacities EuCARD - European Coordination of Accelerator R&D. Several teams from this country participate actively in this project. The contribution from Polish research teams concerns: photonic and electronic measurement - control systems, RF-gun co-design, thin-film superconducting technology, superconducting transport infrastructures, photon and particle beam measurements and control.

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Eglė Murauskaitė

Abstract

The article explores threats related to illicit trafficking of radioactive materials and dual-use goods applicable in state level nuclear programs, actualizing the global trends for the Baltic region. The article points to Eastern Europe’s changing risk profile in this respect, as increasing penetration of Russian criminal groups inside Ukraine and the destabilized situations in neighboring countries create an environment where the risk of nuclear smuggling is on the rise. Criminal entities can be seen forming new bonds, with trafficking routes intersecting and zones of influence shifting - consequently, an unusual level of criminal involvement in nuclear smuggling is observed, alongside a geographic shift of smuggling patterns. In addition, states seeking materials and technologies for their military programs have taken a notable interest in this region as a way of circumventing international transit regulations. The article looks at the likely implications of these new nuclear smuggling trends for the security of the Baltic states. It suggests that Lithuania may soon be facing a relatively new threat, and one that it is ill-prepared to counter. The article discusses the risk factors and indicators to watch before that risk becomes reality, and offers ways for Lithuania to contribute to addressing these increasingly acute problems on a regional level.