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Protein degradation rate as affected by plant proteases among fresh samples of perennial ryegrass cultivars (Lolium perenne L.) / Einfluss pflanzlicher Proteasen auf den Proteinabbau bei unterschiedlichen Englischen Raigrass Sorten (Lolium perenne L.)

is the case under grazing, up to now plant tissue has been regarded as passive victim of the degradation process of the rumen microbes. The contribution of plant-mediated proteolytic enzymes contained in ingested fresh forage and its contribution to protein degradation is ignored in current models for ruminant nutrition ( Theodorou et al., 1996 ; Kingston-Smith et al., 2003 ). Assuming that half of ingested plant biomass at grazing consists of intact cells ( Kingston-Smith and Theodorou, 2000 ), which stay viable and are metabolically active during the first hours

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Reinventing rural femininities in the post-productivist Finnish countryside

Abstract

This paper examines how Finnish farm women interpret their own position as women on family farms. Following the poststructuralist approach in rural gender studies, the analysis focuses on the meanings which women produce regarding agrarian femininity. For this purpose, interview material on their everyday life stories are compared with the discourses on rural femininities in the Koti magazine, which is published by the most important organization representing farm women in Finland. It is concluded that the positions in which farm women present themselves are in accordance with the discourses on rural femininity produced and mediated by this magazine. Farm women present themselves, and they are expected to be, economically active agents in the post-productivist countryside

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Are Stakeholders in Slovakia Ready for Community-Led Local Development? Case Study Findings

Abstract

In the EU new programming period 2014-2020 the Leader approach become part of community-led local development (CLLD). Under Slovak conditions, partnerships, which intend to get the legal status of local action group (LAG), are currently in the process of preparing and formulating their CLLD Strategies. Leader approach is characterised by 7 principles, which should be horizontally presented throughout the implementation process. The multilevel governance presented in the implementation of Leader approach includes the management and implementation of rural development programme, through which the Leader is implemented, as well as, formation of LAGs, as the mediators of the approach at local level. Both levels may have supporting or constraining effects on the application of Leader principles in the Leader delivery. The paper focuses on analysing the differences between theory and practice in the conditions of the Slovak Republic when answering the evaluation question: Are stakeholders in Slovakia ready for community led local development? To answer the question, six LAGs were assessed using the focus group as the assessment tool. Representatives of the national authorities were interviewed in order to complete the picture of the evaluated topic. The study pointed out several shortcomings in basic preconditions allowing smooth application of the CLLD.

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Importance of Animation Actions in the Operation of Hungarian Local Action Groups

participatory video to evaluate community development. Paper presented at the XXII European Congress of Rural Sociology, Wageningen, Netherlands. Nemes, G., Chris, H. & Huzair, F. (2006): Reflexive agency and multi-level governance: Mediating integrated rural development in South Transdanubia. In Cheshire, L. Higgins & V. Lawrence, G. (eds.), International Perspectives on Rural Governance: New Power Relations in Rural Economies and Societies. London: Routledge. Odor K., Karcagi-Kováts, A. & Kuti, I. (2009):. Rural areas

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Impact of cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis L.) colonies on microbial pollution in lakes

, Durham, p. 11. Kameda K., Koba K., Hobara S., Osono T., Terai M., 2006, Pattern of natural 15N abundance in lakeside forest ecosystem affected by cormorant-derived nitrogen, Hydrobiologia 567(1): 69-86. Kameda K., Koba K., Yoshimizu C., Fujiwara S., Hobara S., Koyama L., Tokuchi N., Takayanagi A., 2000, Nutrient flux from aquatic to terrestrial ecosystem mediated by Great Cormorant, Sylvia 36: 54-55. Klimaszyk P., 2012, May a cormorant colony be a source of coliform and chemical pollution in a lake?, Oceanol. Hydrobiol

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Genetic structure and diversity in Juniperus communis populations in Saxony, Germany

References Alb aladejo R., Guzman B., Gonzalez-Martinez S. & Aparicio A. 2012. Extensive pollen flow but few pollen donors and high reproductive variance in an extremely fragmented landscape. PLoS ONE 7(11): e49012. Ashley M. 2010. Plant Parentage, Pollination, and Dispersal: How DNA Microsatellites have altered the landscape. Crc. Cr. Rev. Plant. Sci. 29: 148-161. Bai W., Wang W. & Zhang D. 2014. Contrasts between the phylogeographic patterns of chloroplast and nuclear DNA highlight a role for pollen-mediated

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Variability of nutrient concentrations in sediments and wetland plants during the vegetation season under different sediment moisture conditions

-rich stream, Freshwater Biol. 47(2): 283-291. Marion L., Pallisson J.M., 2003, A mass balance assessment of the contribution of floating-leaved macrophytes in nutrient stocks in an eutrophic macrophyte-dominated lake, Aquat. Botany 75(3): 249-260. Marschner H., 1986, Mineral nutrition of higher plants, Academic Press, London, p. 674. Mitchell A. M., Baldwin D. S., 1998, Effects of desiccation/oxidation on the potential for bacterially mediated P release from sediments, Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(3): 481

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Agricultural landscape, heritage and identity in peri-urban areas in Western Europe

: PUF. CULLINGWORTH, B. & NADIN, V. (2006). Town and country planning in the UK , 14 th edition. London: Routledge. DI MÉO, G. (1994). Patrimoine et territoire, une parenté conceptuelle. Espace et société. 78, 15-34. DZIEDSICKI, J.-M. (2003). La gestion des conflits d'aménagement entre participation du public et médiation. Annuaire des collectivités locales. 23, 635-646. EDELBLUTTE, S. (2010), Paysages et territoires de l'industrie en Europe: héritages et

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Evaluation of Land Consolidation Process by Rural Stakeholders

. (2002). Farm land rationalization and land consolidation: strategies for multifunctional use of rural space in Eastern and Central Europe. International Symposium on Land Fragmentation and Land Consolidation in CEEC: A Gate Towards Sustainable Rural Development in the New Millennium, München: FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia. [20] Rogners, J. & Sky, P. K. (1998). Mediation in the Norwegian land consolidation courts. Madison: University of Wisconsin. [21] Sabates-Wheeler, R. (2002). Consolidation initiatives after land

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Melampyrum Cristatum L. – A Rare River Corridor Plant in Wielkopolska and Poland

between the root hemiparasite Melampyrum arvense and mixtures of host plants: heterotrophic benefit and parasite-mediated competition. Oikos 75: 118-124. Matuszkiewicz W. 2001. Przewodnik do oznaczania zbiorowisk roślinnych Polski. In: J. B. Faliński (ed.). Vademecum Geobotanicum 3, 537 pp. Wyd. Nauk. PWN, Warszawa. Mirek Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa H., Zając A. & Zając M. 2002. Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A checklist. In: Z. Mirek (ed.). Biodiversity of Poland, 1, 442 pp. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences

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