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Michael R. Esco, Ronald L. Snarr, Andrew Flatt, Matthew Leatherwood and Adam Whittaker

References An P, Rice T, Rankinen T, Leon AS, Skinner JS, Wilmore JH, Rao DC. Genome-wide scan to identify quantitative trait loci for baseline resting heart rate and its response to endurance exercise training: the heritage family study. Int J Sports Med, 2006; 27(01): 31-36 Bangsbo J, Iaia FM, Krustrup P. The yo-yo intermittent recovery test: a useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports. Sports Med, 2008; 38(1): 37-51 Bangsbo J, Mohr M, Krustrup P. Physical and metabolic demands

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Vаnja Dzambazovska-Trajkovska, Jordan Nojkov, Adrijan Kartalov, Biljana Kuzmanovska, Tatjana Spiroska, Gjorgji Trajkovski, Nadica Geshkovska-Matevska and Aleksandar Dimovski

variable response to drugs: focus on opioids. Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol 2008; 4: 77-91. 48. Argoff CE. Clinical implications of opioid pharmacogenetics. Clin J Pain 2010; 26(10): S16-S20. 49. Jannetto PJ, Bratanow NC. Pharmacogenomic considerations in the opioid management of pain. Genome Medicine 2010; 15; 2(9): 66.

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Paweł Cięszczyk, Aleksandra Zarębska, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Michał Sawczyn, Izabela Kozakiewicz-Drobnik, Agata Leońska-Duniec, Mariusz Kaczmarczyk, Agnieszka Maciejewska-Skrendo, Piotr Żmijewski, Grzegorz Trybek, Wojciech Smółka, Jan Pilch, Katarzyna Leźnicka, Ewelina Lulińska-Kuklik, Marek Sawczuk and Myosotis Massidda

., 2003 ; Missitzi et al., 2004 ; Stanula et al., 2014 ; Stunkard et al., 1990 ). Rapid development of molecular methods enabling the research of the structure and sequence of the human genome, and the usage of the model based on association analysis of candidate genes in sports has become feasible. To date, nearly 80 molecular markers have been reported to be correlated with physical performance, exercise and fitness as well as trainability ( Ahmetov and Fedotovskaya, 2012 ; Ahemtov et al., 2015 ). One of the candidate genes that have been recently studied in

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Matthias Wilhelm Hoppe, Christian Baumgart, Thomas Hilberg, Jürgen Freiwald and Udo Frank Wehmeier

Sports Med , 2014; 48: 22-31 10.1136/bjsports-2013-093152 Fernandez-Fernandez J Ulbricht A Ferrauti A. Fitness testing of tennis players: how valuable is it? Br J Sports Med 2014 48 22 31 Friedman RC, Farh KK, Burge CB, Bartel DP. Most mammalian mRNAs are conserved targets of microRNAs. Genome Res , 2009; 19: 92-105 Friedman RC Farh KK Burge CB Bartel DP. Most mammalian mRNAs are conserved targets of microRNAs Genome Res 2009 19 92 105 Gallo A, Tandon M, Alevizos I, Illei GG. The majority of microRNAs detectable in serum and saliva is concentrated in exosomes

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Mateusz Radojewski, Tomasz Podgórski, Barbara Pospieszna, Jakub Kryściak, Ewa Śliwicka and Joanna Karolkiewicz

periods on genome stability indicate that adaptations of endogenous protective antioxidant and/or repair mechanisms prevent severe and persistent DNA damage in well-trained athletes ( Miyata et al., 2008 ; Radák et al., 2000 ; Reichhold et al., 2008 ; Vezzoli et al., 2014 ). Wittwer et al. (2004) also confirmed that the activities of DNA damage-repairing enzymes were upregulated by training. There is a wide debate in literature concerning the reliability of the serum CK level as a marker of muscle damage. Myofibrillar CK (M-CK) is bound to the M-line of the

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Lech Dudarewicz, Anna Krzymińska, Wanda Hawuła, Magdalena Kozłowska, Urszula Laskowska, Agnieszka Gach, Maciej Borowiec, Wojciech Młynarski, Wojciech Ałaszewski and Lucjusz Jakubowski


Objective of the study:

At the moment of study design, there was no data available on prevalence of subtelomeric imbalanced rearrangements in fetuses with abnormal phenotype assessed by ultrasound and with normal classical karyotype, consequently this study was initiated to fill in this gap.

Material & Method:

Amniotic fluid samples or chorionic villi from:

137 fetuses with abnormalities in two or more organ systems

96 fetuses with nuchal translucency above 3.5 mm (99th centile),

85 apparently healthy fetuses (control group) were studied by subtelomeric MLPA, using two kits (P036 and P070) in all cases. Confirmation of a rearrangement was obtained by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies.


In the group of fetuses with abnormalities in two or more organ systems, one subtelomeric deletion (de novo deletion (del1p36).) was detected, yielding the detection rate of cryptic subtelomeric imbalances in these pregnancies of 0.84%. In the control group and in the group of fetuses with NT measurement above 3.5 mm, no abnormalities were found.


The low detection rate of subtelomeric rearrangements in the studied group, together with the low robustness of the method (only one sequence per telomere is studied in one experiment) and necessity to confirm the pathological findings with another method, imply low usefulness of the method in the prenatal setting. In the current era, there are genome-wide methods, like CGH-arrays or SNP-array, which are better-suited for prenatal diagnosis, because of higher yields and lack of necessity of confirmation of the pathological results.

Open access

Sorin Rugină

Dimensions. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2012;25:682-707. 4. Forslund K, Sunagawa S, Kultima JR, et al. Country-specific antibiotic use practices impact the human gut resistome. Genome Res. 2013;23:1163-69. 5. Pallecchi L, Bartoloni A, Riccobono E, et al. Quinolone Resistance in Absence of Selective Pressure: The Experience of a Very Remote Community in the Amazon Forest. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012:6: 1790. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001790 6. Rugina S, Dumitru IM. The Role of infectious diseases specialist in critical patient

Open access

Manuela Arbune, Silvia Fotea, Aurel Nechita and Victorita Stefanescu

meningoseptica comb. nov. and Elizabethkingia miricola comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005;55(Pt 3):1287–93. 4. Breurec S, Criscuolo A, Diancourt L, et al. Genomic epidemiology and global diversity of the emerging bacterial pathogen Elizabethkingia anophelis . Sci Rep. 2016, 6:30379. 5. Chen S, Soehnlen M, Downes FP, Walker ED. Insights from the draft genome into the pathogenicity of a clinical isolate of Elizabethkingia meningoseptica Em3. Stand Genom Sci. 2017;12:56. 6. Jean SS, Lee WS, Chen FL, Ou TY, Hsueh PR. Elizabethkingia meningoseptica

Open access

Luisa Maria Bellussi, Desiderio Passali, Emanuela Vesperini, Serena Cocca, Giulio Cesare Passali, Albera Roberto, Pasquale Cassano, Domenico Rosario Cuda, Michele De Benedetto, Gaetano Motta, Giuseppe Panetti, Marco Piemonte, Lorenzo Salerni, Felice Scasso and Giancarlo Vesperini

REFERENCES 1. Hosokawa T, Kikuchi Y, Nikoh N, Shimada M, Fukatsu T. Strict host-symbiont cospeciation and reductive genome evolution in insect gut bacteria. PLoS Biol. [Internet]. 2006;4(10):e337. Available from: . . 2. Nicholson JK, Holmes E, Kinross J, Burcelin R, Gibson G, Jia W, et al. Hostgut microbiota metabolic interactions. Science. 2012;336(6086):1262-7. DOI: 10.1126/science.1223813. Epub 2012 Jun 6. 3. Regev

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Raluca Dumache, Alexandru Florin Rogobete, Dorel Sandesc, Ovidiu Horea Bedreag, Veronica Ciocan, Camelia Muresan, Adrian Tudor Stan, Mihai Sandesc, Anca Dinu, Sonia Elena Popovici and Alexandra Enache

patients with primary and metastatic breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res . 2010;12:R90. 29. Guo Z, Maki M, Ding R, Yang Y, Zhang B, Xiong L. Genome-wide survey of tissue-specific microRNA and transcription factor regulatory networks in 12 tissues. Sci Rep . 2014;4. 30. Sood P, Krek A, Zavolan M, Macino G, Rajewsky N. Cell-type-specific signatures of microRNAs on target mRNA expression. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA . 2006;103:2746-2751. 31. Bloomston M, WL F, Petrocca F, et al. MicroRNA expression patterns to differentiate pancreatic adenocarcinoma from normal