, we focused on CTA of the whole aorta and CTA of the abdominal aorta, which are usually requested in hospital for patients with common clinical manifestations, such as abdominal pain, chest pain, pulsatile abdominal mass or traumatic accidents who have suspected aortic disease or injury. In this study, we excluded patients who were the recipients and donors of renal transplants and patients with known significant vascular disease without new clinical onset.
There were also incidental significant extravascular findings that may be important and require further
Congenital abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), a rare condition in neonates, is usually associated with umbilical artery catheterization [ 1 , 2 ] or other conditions such as congenital heart or aortic malformation, infection (mycotic aneurysm) [ 3 , 4 ], connective tissue diseases (Marfan syndrome, Ehlers–Danlos syndrome, Loeys–Dietz syndrome) [ 5 , 6 ], or vasculitis (Takayasu’s disease, Kawasaki syndrome) [ 7 ]. An idiopathic congenital AAA is extremely rare. We report a case of idiopathic congenital AAA consisting of multiple lesions in a Thai neonate born
Asada Leelahavanichkul, Wiwat Chancharoenthana and Somchai Eiam-Ong
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) of the Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University. Bangkok, Thailand. We divided 14 mice into equalsized sham and Chr IR surgery groups. The baseline blood chemistry tests were conducted 2 weeks before nephrectomy (–2 wk) using blood samples obtained from a tail vein. One week later a Chr IR injury was made as previously described [ 10 ], with slight modifications as follows. In brief, the surgery was conducted in 2 stages. In the first stage at 1 week after baseline blood collection (–1 wk), an abdominal incision was
of maxillofacial fracture was motorcycle accident (39.7%); other causes of maxillofacial fracture are presented in Table 2 . Alcohol consumption was reported in 583 (47.5%) cases, denied in 315 (24.7%) cases, and in the remaining 377 (29.5%) cases, it was not documented. Associated injuries, such as head injury, thoracic injury, abdominalinjury, pelvic injury and cervical (C-) spine injury, were found in 368 (28.9%) cases, as shown in Figure 2 .
Sex and age distribution of patients with maxillofacial fracture
undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery Anesth Analg 2009;109:1511-1516.
10. Pang CK, Yap J, Chen PP. The effect of alveolar recruitment strategy on oxygenation during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anaesth Intensive Care 2003;31:176-180.
11. Choi G, Wolthius EK, Bresser P et al. Mechanical ventilation with lower tidal volumes and positive end expiratory pressure prevents alveolar coagulation in patients without lung injury. Anesthesiology 2006;105(4) 689-95.
12. Tusman G, Bohm SH, Vasquez De Anda GF et al. Alveolar recruitment strategy improves arterial
Tanaporn Duangmala, Pagakrong Lumbiganon and Pope Kosalaraksa
, Pruekprasert P, Dissaneewate P. Outcome of dengue hemorrhagic fever-caused acute kidney injury in Thai children. J Pediatr. 2010; 157:303-9.
11. World Health Organization Regional Office for South- East Asia. Comprehensive guidelines for prevention and control of dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever: revised and expanded edition. New Delhi; World Health Organization Regional Office for South East Asia; 2011.
12. Lapphra K, Sangcharaswichai A, Chokephaibulkit K, Tiengrim S, Piriyakarnsakul W, Chakorn T, et al. Evaluation of an NS1 antigen
Enteroatmospheric fistula (EAF) is one of the most devastating complications of abdominal surgery and an open abdomen because it causes several problems including fluid electrolyte imbalances, nutritional depletion, infection, and wound care problems [ 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ]. The intestinal content coming out from the EAF is usually difficult to contain, especially if the fistula is proximal and of high output, resulting in multiple skin problems (irritation, maceration, erosion, and infection) [ 2 , 3 , 4 ]. Multiple EAF wound care techniques using vacuum
population [ 2 ], which is likely due to impaired immunity and malnutrition [ 2 , 3 ].
First-line treatment of tuberculosis includes a combination of the following 4 oral drugs: isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. All of these antituberculosis drugs (ATDs), except ethambutol, are considered hepatotoxic, because they can lead to ATD-induced liver injury (ATDILI) [ 4 , 5 ] with higher rates of complication and mortality than other antibiotic agents [ 6 ]. Isoniazid and pyrazinamide cause hepatocyte injury by inducing the formation of free radical species
the diaphragm and the posterior abdominal wall, (3) cholecystectomy, (4) dissection of hepatic hilum, isolation of the left or right hepatic artery and left or right branch of the portal vein, (5) ligation of the left or right hepatic artery supplying the resected hepatic segments, (6) ligation of left or right branch of the portal vein supplying the targeted hepatic segments, (7) identification of line of demarcation on the liver surface, (8) parenchymal transection along the line of demarcation by using CUSA and intermittent hepatic inflow occlusion (Pringle
postoperative stay attributable to surgical site infection in six selected operations. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Chotmaihet Thangphaet. 2005; 88:1083-91.
4. Meehan J, Jamali AA, Nguyen H. Prophylactic antibiotics in hip and knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surgery. 2009; 91:2480-90.
5. Abubaker AO. Use of prophylactic antibiotics in preventing infection of traumatic injuries. Dent Clin North Am. 2009; 53:707-15, vi.
6. Leonard Y, Speroni KG, Atherton M, Corriher J. Evaluating use of flash sterilization in