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Alin Albai, Mirela Frandeș, Ramona Luminița Sandu, Gabriel Spoială, Flavia Hristodorescu, Bogdan Timar and Romulus Timar

, Fitzgerald AP et al. Estimation of ten-year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease in Europe: the SCORE project. Eur Heart J 24: 987-1003, 2003. 6. D’Agostino RB Sr, Vasan RS, Pencina MJ et al. General cardiovascular risk profile for use in primary care: the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 117: 743-753, 2008. 7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . National diabetes fact sheet: National estimates and general information on diabetes and prediabetes in the United States, 2011. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for

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Afshin Shafaghi, Faeze Gharibpoor, Zahra Mahdipour and Ali Akbar Samadani

REFERENCES 1. SALTZMAN JR., TABAK YP., HYETT BH., SUN X., TRAVIS AC., JOHANNES RS. A simple risk score accurately predicts in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and cost in acute upper GI bleeding. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011;74(6):1215-24. 2. WADDELL KM., STANLEY AJ. Risk assessment scores for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and their use in clinical practice. Hosp Pract(1995). 2015;43(5):290-8. 3. TAKATORI Y., KATO M., SUNATA Y., HIRAI Y., KUBOSAWA Y., ABE K., et al. The Role of History of Gastro-Duodenal Ulcer in Patients with

Open access

Vaia D. Raikou

coronary heart disease is the Framingham risk score (FRS). According to the National Institutes of Health, the patients having chronic kidney disease are considered as having a coronary heart disease risk equivalent, meaning that they are primarily patients with a 10-year risk for myocardial infarction or coronary death >20%, despite without known coronary heart disease. [ 8 ] Metabolic acidosis, a common condition and an important manifestation of the late stage of chronic kidney disease, leads to clinically significant consequences, including bone disease disorders

Open access

Herbert Djiambou-Nganjeu

, lethargy, impaired intellectual ability, and so on in end-stage coma (with or without response to stimuli) and later death in severe cases. [ 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ] The neuropsychological peculiarity can be revealed by the use of psychometric tests, for instance, neuropsychological tests such as Halstead-Reitan (H-R) score and Child-Pugh score or other psychometric tests. [ 8 , 9 , 10 ] There is no gold standard test to diagnose HE due to the personal peculiarities of each case. That is why physicians mostly rely on their personal experiences, equipment availability, and

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Alina Cordunean, Roxana Hodaş, Sorin Pop, Nora Rat, Laura Jani, Alexandra Stănescu, Imre Benedek and Theodora Benedek

C, Callister TQ, Browner WS. What does my patient's coronary artery calcium score mean? Combining information from the coronary artery calcium score with information from conventional risk factors to estimate coronary heart disease risk. BMC Med . 2004;2:31. 11. Moses JW1, Leon MB, Popma JJ et al. Sirolimus-Eluting Stents versus Standard Stents in Patients with Stenosis in a Native Coronary Artery. N Engl J Med . 2003;349(14):1315-23. 12. Wiebe J, Nef HM, Hamm CW. Current status of bioresorbable scaffolds in the treatment of coronary artery disease

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Mohieldin M. Ahmed, Douaa M. Mosalem, Wafaa A. Tarshouby, Aziz K. Alfeeli, Ayyoub B. Baqer and Mohamed H. Mohamed

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) often has reduced stability during standing conditions.

AIM: To compare balance control in diabetic patients and normal subjects using computerized dynamic posturography and to assess effect of visual feedback-based balance training in DPN.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 57 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus and 30 agematched normal control subjects were recruited. The sensory organization test was done before and after the training program. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease of mean (± SD) of composite equilibrium score and somatosensory ratio score between subgroups of DPN and control healthy group (p < 0.05). There was a significant increase of mean (± SD) of composite equilibrium score and the somatosensory ratio score after treatment as compared to results before training (p < 0.05) in mild DPN. Moreover, there were a significant correlation between composite equilibrium score and disease duration before training in the severe DPN (r = 0.368, p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Computerized dynamic posturography is an important quantitative tool in the assessment of posture instability and allows for early disclosure of the failure of the postural control system. Visual feedback-based balance training was shown to be a promising method for fall prevention among early diabetes mellitus with peripheral neuropathy.

Open access

Mihai Roman, Radu Prejbeanu, Andrei-Marian Feier, Octav Russu, Adrian Todor, Vlad Predescu, Bogdan Codorean, Tiberiu Bățagă and Radu Fleaca

ligament injuries. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1985;(198):43-49. 4. Mitsou A, Vallianatos P, Piskopakis N, et al. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by over-the-top repair combined with popliteus tendon plasty. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1990;72:398-404. 5. Roos EM, Roos HP, Lohmander LS, Ekdahl C, Beynnon BD. Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) - development of a selfadministered outcome measure. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1998;28:88-96. 6. Irrgang JJ, Anderson AF, Boland AL, et al. Development and validation

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Dimitrios Velissaris, Nikolaos-Dimitrios Pantzaris, Anastasia Skroumpelou, Panagiotis Polychronopoulos, Vasilios Karamouzos, Charalampos Pierrakos, Charalampos Gogos and Menelaos Karanikolas

Introduction Brain dysfunction is a frequent complication of sepsis even in cases of extra-cranial origin and is related to several underlying mechanisms. Encephalography (EEG) seems to be a useful tool in detecting the presence of encephalopathy in patients with sepsis. Although EEG is not a specific test, it is sensitive and can detect abnormalities even when clinical neurologic examination is normal. The aim of this study was to document the EEG abnormalities and search for correlations between EEG findings and commonly used severity and prognostic scores

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Ovidiu Mitu, Florin Mitu, Maria-Magdalena Leon, Mihai Roca, Andreea Gherasim and Mariana Graur

JW, Jang EH, Kim MK et al. Diabetic retinopathy is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 91: 253-259, 2011. 5. Shah PK. Screening asymptomatic subjects for subclinical atherosclerosis: can we, does it matter, and should we? J Am Coll Cardiol 56: 98-105, 2010. 6. Lindström J, Tuomilehto J. The diabetes risk score: a practical tool to predict type 2 diabetes risk. Diabetes Care 26: 725-731, 2003. 7. Perk J, De Backer G, Gohlke H et al. European Guidelines on

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Mohammad Qasim Khan, Vijay Anand, Norbert Hessefort, Ammar Hassan, Alya Ahsan, Amnon Sonnenberg and Claus J. Fimmel

, dedicated patient visits, and is therefore not easily applicable to large patient populations. In recent years, a number of serum-based fibrosis tests have been developed and validated. Many studies have reported reasonable performance characteristics and good agreement with biopsy or elastography data.[ 4 , 5 ] With the advent of electronic medical record systems, fibrosis scores can be easily calculated after extracting the pertinent test results for each patient. This process does not require additional patient visits, and can be applied to large patient cohorts. As