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Asymmetric Information and the Discount on Foreign-Acquired Degrees in Canada

.7% 1,504,535 42.2% 57.8% 279,505 24.3% 75.7% 270,605 University >bachelors 57.2% 43.8% 220,400 51.1% 48.9% 44,485 26.0% 74.0% 51,915 Degrees in medicine 77.6% 23.4% 20,605 70.0% 30.0% 6,360 26.8% 73.2% 13,355 Total 44.9% 55.1% 5,926,640 41.3% 58.7% 990,105 23.7% 76.3% 661,700 Notes : (i) The highest degrees associated with a field of study reported here are based on the Statistics Canada classification in the 2006 census. These are apprenticeship certificate or diploma; other

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Parents with an Unemployed Adult Child: Consumption, Income, and Savings Effects

.158*** 0.007 43.044 124.087 0.026 0.603 0.6 0.015 Working 0.016* 86.076* 289.249** 0.027 17.478*** 14.749*** -0.022* 0.006 37.074 95.366 0.017 0.518 0.501 0.009 State UR 0.001 -1.744 -14.385 -0.005 -0.201* -0.239** -0.003 0.002 12.277 23.863 0.004 0.081 0.077 0.003 Year & Age FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Individual FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes N 38004 38004 38004 34229 38004 38004 38004 Note: Standard errors listed

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Reallocation and the Role of Firm Composition Effects on Aggregate Wage Dynamics

,156 euros in 2015. Regarding workers, we observe that the average age of employees in Italy increases from about 36 years in 1990 to 41 years in 2016; the share of women increases as well, from 30% to 36%, while, also due to the rising importance of the service sector, the share of blue collars declines from 64% to 59%. Table A1 Descriptive statistics on universe of firms paying contribution at INPS Year % of firms in industry % of firms in manufacturing wage Monthly per nominal employee Firm size N. of firms N. of employees Mean SD

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The Impact of Parental Leave Policy on Child-Rearing and Employment Behavior: The Case of Germany

for children younger than three years, 2006–2015 Region 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Baden-Württemberg 8.7 11.5 13.6 15.8 18.3 20.8 23.1 24.9 27.8 27.8 Bayern 8.2 10.7 13.2 15.7 18.5 20.6 23.0 24.8 27.1 27.5 Berlin 37.8 39.8 40.4 41.5 42.1 41.9 42.6 43.7 46.0 45.9 Brandenburg 40.4 43.4 44.8 48.3 51.0 51.6 53.4 53.6 57.8 56.8 Bremen 9.2 10.5 12.7 13.7 16.1 19.6 21.2 23.2 26.9 27.1 Hamburg 21

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Migration, Cultural Identity and Diasporas An Identity Economics Approach

{A\cdot B}{\left\| A \right\|{{\left\| B \right\|}^{\prime }}^{,}}$ where A and B are vectors of a culture A and culture B , with n > 1 culturally relevant elements. In this formula, A ⋅ B = ∑ i = 1 n a i b i $A\cdot B=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{n}{{{a}_{i}}{{b}_{i}}}$ is the scalar product of the vectors A and B ; in addition, ‖ A ‖ , ‖ B ‖ $\left\| A \right\|,\left\| B \right\|$ are the norms (or length) of the respective vectors : ‖ A ‖ = a 1 2 + a 2 2 + ... + a n 2 ; ‖ B ‖ = b 1 2 + b 2 2 + ... + b n 2 . $:\left\| A \right

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Diaspora Externalities

,451 1,588 Obs. with developed borrowing countries 427 431 No. of lending countries 17 17 No. of borrowing countries 158 158 R 2 0.86 0.94 Estimator OLS Poisson Notes : This table estimates the effect of migration on loans with interaction with non-developed countries. N , L , and B denote the number of observations, number of lending (investing) countries, and number of borrowing (issuing) countries, respectively. Regressions are estimated by OLS and Poisson. Standard errors are clustered at the borrowing

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Exploiting the Irish Border to Estimate Minimum Wage Impacts in Northern Ireland

–2000Q1 NI minimum hourly wage N/A £3.60 RoI minimum hourly wage N/A N/A NLW introduction, 25+ years 2015Q4–2016Q1 2016Q2–2016Q3 NI minimum hourly wage £6.70 £7.20 RoI minimum hourly wage €8.65 (2015Q4) €9.15 €9.15 (2016Q1) Note : In sensitivity analysis, we also explore the exclusion of 2015Q4 in the “before” period for the introduction of the NLW. NI, Northern Ireland; NLW, National Living Wage; NMW, National Minimum Wage; RoI, Republic of Ireland. 2 Institutional details, data, and methods The

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Fragmenting the Family? The Complexity of Household Migration Strategies in Post-apartheid South Africa

. Table 1 illustrates the strong role of mothers who, in all years, lived together with nearly half of children in the absence of their fathers, whereas only 2–4% of children lived with their fathers but not their mothers. Table 1 Parental co-residence with children, 1993–2017 Child lives with 1993 2008 2017 Both parents 34.6 (1.06) 27.1 (1.37) 30.4 (0.60) Mother, not father 43.4 (0.90) 44.7 (1.17) 45.4 (0.59) Father, not mother 2.7 (0.23) 2.5 (0.31) 3.1 (0.18) Neither parent 19.3 (0.72) 25.8 (0.99) 21.1 (0

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Economics of Artificial Intelligence: Implications for the Future of Work

72 Acemoglu, D.; U. Akcigit; H. Alp; N. Bloom; W. Kerr (2018): Innovation, Reallocation, and Growth. American Economic Review 108(11), 3450-3491. 10.1257/aer.20130470 Acemoglu D. Akcigit U. Alp H. Bloom N. Kerr W. 2018 Innovation, Reallocation, and Growth American Economic Review 108 11 3450 3491 Acemoglu, D.; D. Autor (2011): Skills, Tasks and Technologies: Implications for Employment and Earnings, in: Ashenfelter, O.; D. Card (eds.), Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol. 4B. Amsterdam, North Holland: Elsevier, 1043-1172. Acemoglu D

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Patterns of Overeducation in Europe: The Role of Field of Study

effects and for the single countries separately to allow for country-specific associations of the included explanatory variables to the dependent variable. In line with previous studies ( Reimer et al., 2008 ; Smyth and Steinmetz, 2008 ), we restrict our sample to highly educated individuals, as the issue of overeducation is by definition most relevant for members of this group and, with a sharp increase of graduates’ population shares during the last decades in OECD countries (from 23.3% in 1995 to 43.1% in 2016 on average), affecting more and more people ( OECD

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