Search Results

11 - 20 of 28 items :

Clear All
Report: Welfare State Model – Nordic Experiences and Perspectives in Lithuania

Abstract

The aim of this article is to review the ideas presented by the Nordic scholars of the “Welfare State Model – Nordic Experiences and Perspectives in Lithuania” project and to discuss the applicability of these ideas to the Lithuanian context. During the program, held in Lithuania, in 2013–2014, Nordic scholars and their Lithuanian colleagues debated Nordic welfare model features such as active labour market policies, family policies, digital welfare innovations, the role of culture, and social trust. They also discussed contemporary challenges to Nordic success. The project intended to: promote the Nordic countries’ experiences of becoming welfare states, increase knowledge of the Nordic welfare model among Lithuanians, and initiate a debate on the potential for this model to function in Lithuania.

Open access
In defense of a pluralistic policy on the determination of death

Abstract

In his paper “The challenge of brain death for the sanctity of life ethic”, Peter Singer advocates two options for dealing with death criteria in a way that is compatible with efficient organ transplantation policy. He suggests that we should either (a) redefine death as cortical death or (b) go back to the old cardiopulmonary criterion and scrap the Dead Donor Rule. We welcome Singer’s line of argument but raise some concerns about the practicability of the two alternatives advocated by him. We propose adding a third alternative that also – as the two previous alternatives – preserves and extends the possibility of organ transplantation without using anyone without their consent. Namely, we would like to draw readers’ attention to a proposal by Robert Veatch, formulated 42 years ago in his 1976 book “Death, dying, and the biological revolution” and developed further in his later publications. Veatch argues for a conscience clause for the definition of death that would permit people to pick from a reasonable range of definitional options. This autonomy-based option, we believe, is more likely to be practicable than the two options advocated by Singer. Furthermore, we present data from a study with Lithuanian participants that suggest that there is quite pronounced variation of preferences concerning death determination.

Open access
Parliamentarism Versus Semi-Presidentialism in the Baltic States: The Causes and Consequences of Differences in the Constitutional Frameworks

REFERENCES Anton, F. J. 2009. Staatlichkeit und Demokratisierung in Lettland. Entwicklung – Stand – Perspektiven. Würzburg: Ergon. Arlauskas, S. 2010. Sovereignty of a Nation in the Parliamentary System of Lithuania: Problems and Proposals. Limes , 3(2), pp. 99–109. Bagehot, W. 2001 (1867). The English Constitution . Ed. by Paul Smith. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Baltic Reports. 2010. Zatlers: increase presidential powers . < http://balticreports.com/?p=19886 >. 27.09.2013. Beichelt, T., Keudel, D. 2011. Horizontale Gewaltenteilung

Open access
The Difficult and Long Way of Ukraine to NATO

perspectives for accessing the structures of the European Union] [in:] Zjednoczona Europa a Polska, Litwa i Ukraina [United Europe and Poland, Lithuania, and Ukraine], ed. L. Gawor, Lublin 2003, pp. 134-135. Yekelchyk S., Narodziny nowoczesnego narodu [Ukraine. The Birth of the Modern Nation], Kraków 2009, p. 293. Декларация про державний суверенітет України [Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine], http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show-/55-12. The Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with Ukraine

Open access
Russia – Ukraine. 25 Years Between “Limited Cooperation and Limited Confrontation”

Election in Ukraine], http://www.history.vn.ua/book/ukrzno/163.html. Serwetnyk T., Moskwa: Kijow spiskuje z NATO [Moskow: Kiev Is Plotting With NATO], Rzeczypospolita, 22 - 23.06.2010, nr 144. Snyder T., Rekonstrukcja narodow. Polska, Ukraina, Litwa, Białoruś 1569 - 1999 [Reconstruction of nations. Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belaruss 1569 - 1999], Sejny 2009. Соломатин Ю., Всесоюзный референдум 17 марта 1991 года о сохранении СССР: помним! [The Whole-Union Referendum on the 17th March 1991 on Preserving the USSR: We

Open access
Party positions on the European union in the Baltic states: do they compete? Do they mirror voters’ positions?

. and Ray, L., 2002. National Political Parties and European Integration. American Journal of Political Science, [e-journal] 46(3), pp.585-594. http://www.jstor.org/stable/308840. Mikkel, E., and Kasekamp, A., 2008. Emerging Party-based Euroscepticism in Estonia. In: P. Taggart and A. Szczerbiak, eds. 2008. Opposing Europe?: The Comparative Party Politics of Euroscepticism, Vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press. pp.295-314. Ramonaitė, A., 2007. Posovietinės Lietuvos politinė anatomija (Political Anatomy of Post-Soviet Lithuania

Open access
Legislative Turnover in the Baltics After 1990: Why is it So High and What are its Implications?

of Institutional Development and Elite Transformations’, in in Maurizio Cotta and Heinrich Best (eds.), Democratic Representation in Europe: Diversity, Change, and Convergence . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 417–473. Crowther, W.E. and Matonyte, I. (2007). ‘Parliamentary elites as a democratic thermometer: Estonia, Lithuania and Moldova compared’. Communist and Post-Communist Studies 40: 281–299. Dreifelds, J. (1996). Latvia in Transition . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Edinger, M. (2010). ‘Elite Formation and Democratic Elitism in

Open access
Small New Member States in the EU Foreign Policy: Toward ‘Small State Smart Strategy’?

–14. Grøn, H.C. and Wivel, A. 2011. Maximizing Influence in the European Union after the Lisbon Treaty: From Small State Policy to Smart State Strategy. Journal of European Studies , 33(5), pp. 523–539. Interview, 09.07.2013, MFA of Lithuania. Interview, 18.01.2013, MFA of Latvia. Interview, 20.06.2013, MFA of Sweden. Interview, 28.06.2013, EEAS. Interview, 12.07.2013, EEAS. Interview, 09.07.2013, MFA of Lithuania. Interview, 13.02.2013, Permanent Representation of Latvia in EU. Jakniūnaitė, D. 2009. Neighbourhood politics

Open access