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Faruk Abdullahi Mohammed, Kehinde Kazeem Kanmodi, Omotayo Francis Fagbule, Miracle Ayomikun Adesina, Nwafor Jacob Njideka and Hamza Abubakar Sadiq

prevention of waterpipe tobacco products (document FCTC/COP/6/11) Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Sixth session, Moscow, Russian Federation 13 – 18 October 2014 Geneva World Health Organization; 2014 Davaji RBO, Shahamat YD, Davaji FH, Mirkarimi K, Charkazi A, Pahlavanzadeh B. Patterns, beliefs, norms and perceived harms of hookah smoking in North Iran. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev2017;18(3):823-30. Davaji RBO Shahamat YD Davaji FH Mirkarimi K Charkazi A Pahlavanzadeh B Patterns, beliefs, norms

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Fatima Hossain and Nuno Ferreira

studies, males and females were equally represented; of the remaining 6 studies, 4 had an underrepresentation of female participants, 1 had an underrepresentation of male participants; and 1 utilized an exclusively male sample. All 20 studies used adolescents and young adults as participants, and all reported participants’ ages ranged between 13 and 25 across all the papers. Four of the 20 studies used a mainly Caucasian sample. Seven out of 20 studies used an exclusively urban sample. Additionally, of the 20 studies included in this review, only 3 used solely gay

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Giuseppe Carrà, Giulia Brambilla, Manuela Caslini, Francesca Parma, Alessandro Chinello, Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Luigi Zappa and Costanza Papagno

Bulimia Nervosa N = 20 Healthy Controls N = 19 P Age yrs. mean (SD) median (IQR) 27.26 (10.07) 23 (20-38) 27.65 (9.48) 23.5 (20.5-33.5) 26.79 (4.18) 26 (25-30) 0.378 In a relationship 3 (15.8%) 3 (15.0%) 5 (26.3%) 0.701 Employed 3 (15.8%) 8 (40.0%) 10 (52.6%) 0.054 Living condition Alone 1 (5.3%) 3 (15.0%) 2 (10.5%) With family 16 (84.2%) 13 (65.0%) 12 (63.2%) 0.596 With partner 2 (10.5%) 3 (15.0%) 5 (26.3%) Other 0 1 (5.0%) 0 DSM-IV Personality disorders

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S M Yasir Arafat, Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Mohammad S I Mullick and Md. Saleh Uddin

retrospective 75 years after his landmark brief “Letter” to the Editor of Nature Stress 2012 15 472 – 478 Terzian M, Moore KA, Nguyen HN. Assessing Stress in Children and Youth: A Guide for Out-of-school Time Program Practitioners. 2010. www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Child_Trends-2010_10_05_RB_AssessingStress.pdf (assessed 13 Aug2018). Terzian M Moore KA Nguyen HN Assessing Stress in Children and Youth: A Guide for Out-of-school Time Program Practitioners 2010 www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Child_Trends-2010_10_05_RB

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S. M. Yasir Arafat

original instrument (PSDQ English) has 62 items ( Table 1 ). The authoritative domain has 27 items: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 14, 16, 18, 21, 22, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 39, 42, 46, 48, 51, 53, 55, 58, 60, and 62. The authoritarian domain has 20 items: 2, 6, 10, 13, 17, 19, 23, 26, 28, 32, 37, 40, 43, 44, 47, 50, 54, 56, 59, and 61. The permissive domain has 15 items: 4,8, 11, 15, 20, 24r, 30, 34, 36, 38r, 41, 45, 49, 52r, and 57 (“r” indicates the reverse codes as the items were negatively phrased). The PSDQ uses response scales on a continuum from “Always (5)” to “Never (1

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Kehinde Kazeem Kanmodi, Olanrewaju Isaac Owoeye, Almu Bello and Linda Ekele Iyadi

performance? Good 10 13 7 17 3 Very good 12 7 0 9 2 Excellent 3 6 0 8 2 SD – Strongly disagree, D – Disagree, U – Undecided, SA – Strongly agree, A – Agree Discussion According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, the risk factors for mental illness among school-age individuals are adverse learning environment, difficulties at school, and lack of educational opportunities ( WHO, 2012 ). Interestingly, excessive reading was not listed as a risk factor in the report. However, there has been a

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Reinhard Heun

Chamari K Chaouachi A Souissi N. The effect of Ramadan fasting on physical performances, mood state and perceived exertion in young footballers Asian J Sports Med. 2011 Sep 2 3 177 85 Daradkeh TK. Parasuicide during Ramadan in Jordan. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1992 Sep;86(3):253-4. 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1992.tb03262.x Daradkeh TK. Parasuicide during Ramadan in Jordan Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1992 Sep 86 3 253 4 Eddahby S, Kadri N, Moussaoui D Fasting during Ramadan is associated with a higher recurrence rate in patients with bipolar disorder. World Psychiatry. 2014 Feb;13

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Niku Dhillon and Reinhard Heun

medication in schizophrenia: a review. Br Med Bull. 2015;114(1):169-79. 10.1093/bmb/ldv017 Lally J MacCabe JH Antipsychotic medication in schizophrenia: a review Br Med Bull 2015 114 1 169 – 79 Leucht S, Cipriani A, Spineli L et al. Comparative efficacy and tolerability of 15 antipsychotic drugs in schizophrenia: a multiple-treatments meta-analysis. Lancet. 2013;382(9896):951-62. 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60733-3 Leucht S Cipriani A Spineli L et al Comparative efficacy and tolerability of 15 antipsychotic drugs in schizophrenia: a multiple-treatments meta

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Jenny Hufenreuter, Josephine Otto and Michael Linden

.001) 3 We planned pleasant activities for the time after discharge from the hospital 3.61(1.93) 3.68(1.95) 4.13(1.80) 3.04(1.88) F (2,254) = 6.03, p = 0.003 TAU vs. RG (p = 0.36), TAU vs. RS (p = 0.07) RG vs. RS (p = 0.002) 4 I was able to experience moments of indulgence 4.56(1.85) 4.33(1.83) 5.40(1.46) 4.16(1.97) F (2,259) = 10.31, p < 0.001 TAU vs. RG (p < 0.001), TAU vs. RS (p = 1.00) RG vs. RS (p <0.001) 5 We focussed on eating as a part of pleasure 3.59(2.20) 3.59(1.94) 5.16(1.44) 2.18(1.82) F (2,259) = 49

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Eleanor Mari Holzapfel and Christopher Paul Szabo

a second agent, the prescription of antipsychotics (61.1%) predominated, followed by add-ons (53.7%), standard anticonvulsants (49.5%) and antidepressants (48.7%). Lithium was prescribed in 34.3% of patients. Sodium valproate (37.1%) and lamotrigine (31.8%) were the most popular standard and novel anticonvulsants prescribed within their classes, respectively. Within the antipsychotic class, 46.6% were prescribed atypical antipsychotics and 16.5% were prescribed typical antipsychotics. The SSRIs (28.9%) and SNRIs (13.2%) antidepressants were the most commonly