Volker Scheer, Solveig Vieluf, Tanja I Janssen and Hans‐Christian Heitkamp
thank all trail runners for their participation in the study.
Balducci P, Clémençon M, Trama R, Blache Y, Hautier C. Performance Factors in a Mountain Ultramarathon. Int J Sports Med 2017; 38: 819–826. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-112342 10.1055/s-0043-112342 Balducci P Clémençon M Trama R Blache Y Hautier C Performance Factors in a Mountain Ultramarathon Int J Sports Med 2017 38 819 826 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-112342
Barnes KR, Kilding AE. Running economy: measurement, norms, and determining factors
Robert G. Lockie, Katherine Balfany, Jenna K. Denamur and Matthew R. Moreno
., 2017b ; Lockie et al., 2018c , in press). The correlation strength was designated as: an r between 0 to ±0.3 was considered small; ±0.31 to ±0.49, moderate; ±0.5 to ±0.69, large; ±0.7 to ±0.89, very large; and ±0.9 to ±1, near perfect for relationship prediction ( Hopkins, 2002 ). Stepwise linear regression analyses ( p < 0.05), with sex as a control variable, were conducted for each drag to illustrate whether absolute 1RM HBD, relative 1RM HBD, or peak power predicted standard or adapted drag performance for the 74.84 kg or 90.72 kg dummies. This approach was
Blanca Romero-Moraleda, Juan Del Coso, Jorge Gutiérrez-Hellín, Carlos Ruiz-Moreno, Jozo Grgic and Beatriz Lara
Oral Contraceptives: Regulation and Function Sex Hormones, Exercise and Women: Scientific and Clinical Aspects Springer 1 17 2016
Del Coso J, Salinero JJ, González-Millán C, Abián-Vicén J, Pérez-González B. Dose Response Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Energy Drink on Muscle Performance: A Repeated Measures Design. J Int Soc Sports Nutr , 2012; 9: 21 22569090 10.1186/1550-2783-9-21
Del Coso J Salinero JJ González-Millán C Abián-Vicén J Pérez-González B Dose Response Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Energy Drink on Muscle Performance: A
Mário J. Costa, Lúcia Cruz, Ana Simão and Tiago M. Barbosa
if significant ( p ≤ 0.05) with a medium/moderate or large/strong effect size (η 2 > 0.25) and a significant difference if significant ( p ≤ 0.05) with a small effect size (η 2 ≤ 0.25) ( Winter, 2008 ).
Figure 1 depicts the individual responses at %HR max in each head‐out water exercise. Subjects reached 72.88 ± 12.90% in the FkLeg, 65.99 ± 10.91% in the Fk, 62.62 ± 7.20% in Ski, 57.27 ± 11.58% in AbD and 57.12 ± 12.09% in Ab.
Percentage of the maximal heart rate while exercising: arms abduction (Ab), horizontal arms abduction
1717 ± 158 (1.0)*
C7 Maximum Acceleration (mm/s 2 )
7949 ± 1065
10182 ± 1259 (1.9)*
Bar End Maximum Height (mm)
1500 ± 76
1623 ± 100 (1.4)*
Bar End Minimum Height (mm)
924 ± 74
814 ± 97 (1.3)*
Bar End ROM
575 ± 92
808 ± 121 (2.2)*
Bar End Maximum Velocity (mm/s)
1523 ± 197
1991 ± 331 (1.7)*
Bar End Maximum Acceleration (mm/s 2 )
7668 ± 1118
11583 ± 1987 (2.4)*
*signifies significantly higher value at p < 0.05
Comparison between the Flexible Bar and Steel Bar of Peak Kinetic and Kinematic
accounts for greater differences in muscle and joint contact forces during landing, although women may exhibit a greater recruitment of the quadriceps with a lesser recruitment of gluteals and biarticular hamstrings.
Alentorn-Geli E, Myer GD, Silvers HJ, Samitier G, Romero D, Lazora-Haro C, Cugat R. Prevention of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in soccer players: Part 1: Mechanisms of injury and underlying risk factors. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2009; 17: 705–29 10.1007/s00167-009-0813-1 19452139 Alentorn-Geli E Myer
Sandro Bartolomei, Valentina Totti, Federico Nigro, Simone Ciacci, Gabriele Semprini, Rocco Di Michele, Matteo Cortesi and Jay R. Hoffman
; *indicates a significant (p ≤ 0.01) difference between trials; **indicates a significant (p ≤ 0.001) difference between the two trials; # indicates a significant (p ≤ 0.05) difference from BL. All data are reported as mean ± SD.
Example ultrasonography images of the pectoralis major (Pec) collected on a participant at BL and 15P following both 120/80 and 80/80 protocols ( Figure 5a, 5b and 5c , respectively).
In this study, an accentuated eccentric upper-body strength training session elicited greater strength and power decrements
Daveena S. Banda, Maria M. Beitzel, Joseph D. Kammerer, Isaac Salazar and Robert G. Lockie
characterized by 20-m shuttle runs with 10 s of recovery between each run. The YYIRT1 has four running bouts at 10-13 kilometers per hour (km·hr -1 ), and another seven runs at 13.5-14 km·hr -1 . Following this, the YYIRT1 continues with stepwise 0.5 km·hr -1 speed increments after every eight running bouts until exhaustion ( Lockie et al., 2018b ). The test was considered to be over in two instances: one, when the player failed twice to reach the finishing line in time; or two, when the player was physically unable to complete another shuttle at the designed speed. The
Robert Podstawski, Piotr Markowski, Cain C. T. Clark, Dariusz Choszcz, Ferenc Ihász, Stanimir Stojiljković and Piotr Gronek
- intensity interval training protocol based on functional exercises on performance and body composition in handball female players. JHSE 2017; 12(4): 1186-1198. Doi: 10.14198/jhse.2017.124.05 Alonso-Fernandez D Lima-Correra F Gutierrez-Sánchez Á Abadia-Garcia de Vicuńa O Effects of a high- intensity interval training protocol based on functional exercises on performance and body composition in handball female players JHSE 2017 12 4 1186 1198 10.14198/jhse.2017.124.05
Astrand PO, Rodahl K, Dahl HA, Strömme SB. Textbook of Work Physiology
Buckley JD, Thomson RL, Coates AM, Howe PR, DeNichilo MO, Rowney MK. Supplementation with a whey protein hydrolysate enhances recovery of muscle force-generating capacity following eccentric exercise. J Sci Med Sport 2010; 13: 178-181 18768358 10.1016/j.jsams.2008.06.007 Buckley JD Thomson RL Coates AM Howe PR DeNichilo MO Rowney MK Supplementation with a whey protein hydrolysate enhances recovery of muscle force-generating capacity following eccentric exercise J Sci Med Sport 2010 13 178 181
Byrne C, Twist C, Eston R