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Marine tetrodotoxin as a risk for human health – a review

.F. Paralytic toxins in three new gastropod Olividae species implicated in food poisoning in southern Taiwan Toxicon 2003 41 529 533 24 Isbister G.K., Kiernan M.C.: Neurotoxic marine poisoning. Lancet Neurol 2005, 4, 219–228. 15778101 10.1016/S1474-4422(05)70041-7 Isbister G.K. Kiernan M.C. Neurotoxic marine poisoning Lancet Neurol 2005 4 219 228 25 Isbister G.K., Son J., Wang F., Maclean C.J., Lin C.S., Ujma J., Balit C.R., Smith B., Milder D.G., Kiernan M.C.: Puffer fish poisoning: a potentially life-threatening condition. Med J Aust 2002

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Effect of selected nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the viability of canine osteosarcoma cells of the D-17 line: in vitro studies

, and tolfenamic acid were tested at concentrations of 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 5, 10, and 20 μg/ml, while carprofen and ketoprofen assay concentrations were the same and additionally 40μg/ml. The concentrations in which these compounds were tested were established based on those in the literature ( 20 ), the maximum concentrations they reach in canine serum, and the permissible maximum non-cytotoxic solvent concentration. As a positive control, non-treated cells were used, and as a negative control, cells were challenged with doxorubicin at a concentration of 0.5 μg

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Current status of porcine epidemic diarrhoea (PED) in European pigs

heating to 71°C for 10 min. At lower temperatures, pH is a factor in PEDV inactivation. The resistance of PED virus in different pH values is given in Table 3 . PEDV-inactivating disinfectants are oxidising agents, bleach, 2% phenolic compounds, 2% sodium hydroxide, formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde, 4% sodium carbonate, ionic and nonionic detergents, iodophors in 1% phosphoric acid, and lipid solvents such as chloroform ( 15 , 24 ). Table 3 Resistance of the PED virus in different pH values pH value Temperature Stability of PEDV pH 5–9 4°C

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African swine fever virus – persistence in different environmental conditions and the possibility of its indirect transmission

uptake of flies fed ASFV-infected blood. ASFV resistance and stability have attracted the interest of numerous investigators over the years ( 5 , 7 , 10 , 23 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 41 , 42 , 47 ). It has been proved that ASFV shows high resistance to environmental conditions and remains infectious over a long storage time either below 0°C or at 4°C. The curing process of infected meat (a process like that which Parma, Iberian, or Serrano ham undergoes) facilitated survival of ASFV in ham for over a year ( 28 ). ASFV can survive many freeze–thaw cycles, and

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Electrochemical reduction of azo dyes mimicking their biotransformation to more toxic products

drying gas (air) flow, each 10 L/min, interface temperature at 300°C, desolvation line temperature at 250°C, heat block temperature at 400°C, and capillary voltage at −3 and 4 kV for negative and positive ionisation, respectively. The mass analyser was configured in selected reaction monitoring mode; each analyte was analysed using two transitions. The compounds were separated using a Kinetex F5 (100 mm, 2.1 mm, 2.6 μm) analytical column (Phenomenex, USA) and acetonitrile (A) and 10 mM ammonium acetate pH 7.0 (B) as a mobile phase. The following gradient elution was

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Plasma metabolic characterisation of dairy cows with inactive ovaries and oestrus during the peak of lactation

-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in postpartum dairy cows with ovarian inactivity. Theriogenology 2016, 86, 1475–1481. 27291083 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.05.005 Xu C. Xia C. Sun Y. Xiao X. Wang G. Fan Z. Shu S. Zhang H. Xu C. Yang W. Metabolic profiles using (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in postpartum dairy cows with ovarian inactivity Theriogenology 2016 86 1475 1481 29 Yudkoff M., Daikhin Y., Nissim I., Horyn O., Luhovyy B., Lazarow A., Nissim I.: Brain amino acid requirements and toxicity: the

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Phenotypic diversity and potential virulence factors of the Shewanella putrefaciens group isolated from freshwater fish

for 48 h at 27 ± 2°C on tryptic soy agar (TSA) supplemented with 0.0%, 0.5%, 2.0%, 3.0%, 4.0%, 5.0%, or 6.0% of NaCl. Molecular identification of the isolates . DNA extraction and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis were performed as described previously ( 21 ). Sequences were deposited in the GenBank database under accession numbers KC607503, KC607506–KC607522, KC607524, KC607525, KC607527–KC607530, KY630559, KY817247, KY817248–KY817252, KY817255, KY817257, KY817258, MF958276, MF958964, MF959701, MF962592, MF962594– MF962596, MF962598, MG930082, and MG930083 and

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ARTs in wild felid conservation programmes in Poland and in the world

. Quality and in vitro fertilizing ability of cryopreserved cat spermatozoa obtained by urethral catheterization after medetomidine administration Theriogenology 2008 69 485 490 55 Zambelli D., Bini C., Kuster D.G., Molari V., Cunto M.: First deliveries after estrus induction using deslorelin and endoscopic transcervical insemination in the queen. Theriogenology 2015, 84, 773–778. 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2015.05.010 26092701 Zambelli D. Bini C. Kuster D.G. Molari V. Cunto M. First deliveries after estrus induction using deslorelin and

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The use of the water treadmill for the rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries in the sport horse

submerged in water. J Animal Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2012, 96, 563–569. 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2011.01179.x Lindner A. Wäschle S. Sasse H.H.L. Physiological and blood biochemical variables in horses exercised on a treadmill submerged in water J Animal Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2012 96 563 569 19 MacDermid P.W., Wharton J., Schill C., Fink P.W.: Water depth effects on impact loading, kinematic and physiological variables during water treadmill running. Gait Posture 2017, 56, 108–111. 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.05.013 28535432 MacDermid P

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Mouse (Mus musculus) embryonic cerebral cortex cell death caused by carbofuran insecticide exposure

washed using PBS or 150 mM KCl to remove erythrocytes. The washed tissue was homogenised with 0.1 M Tris/HCl (pH 7.4) containing 5 mM β-ME of 0.5% Triton X-100 and 0.1 mg/mL of phenylmethylsulphonyl fluoride (PMSF). The compound was centrifuged at 14,000 g at 4°C for 5 min. The debris of supernatant was removed to obtain cytolytic and mitochondrial SOD. The examination was conducted by putting 20 μL of sample into a sample cuvette and cuvette blank 2 and putting the same with addition of 20 μL H 2 O into cuvette blank 1 and cuvette blank 3. WST working solution in a

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