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“Pool it or lose it?” – a contrastive analysis of discourses concerning EU military integration and demilitarisation in the Baltic Sea

and State Power from Messina to Maastricht . Cornell Studies in Political Economy . Ithaca (NY): Cornell University Press. Morozov, V., 2002. Human Rights and Foreign Policy Discourse in Today’s Russia: Romantic Realism and Securitisation of Identity. COPRI Working Papers (6/2002). Müller, P., 2016. EU foreign policy: no major breakthrough despite multiple crises. Journal of European Integration , 38(3), pp.359–374. Myntti, K., 2016. “Putin driver oss mot Nato”. Vasabladet 8 June 2016 . Niinistö, J., 2016a. Ahvenanmaan asia. Jussi

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Nordic Armaments Co-operation Savings Potential

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to estimate the potential cost savings of Nordic defence co-operation, which is frequently given as one of the arguments in its favour by politicians. Theoretical grounds for savings in co-operation such as economies of scale are reviewed in both the business and defence contexts. Then the potential cost savings in the future acquisition plans are studied through comparing countries’ plans and in maintenance through assessing the commonality of current military equipment. Comparison of public defence purchasing plans reveals that the opportunities for procurement co-operation are limited as Nordic countries are planning to acquire mainly different equipment. Due to differences in current military equipment, the savings opportunities in maintenance are likewise limited other than in the land vehicles’ sector. As currently practiced, Nordic defence co-operation seems not to offer any savings potential that could make a difference at the overall military budget level. The independent assessment of this article is based on publicly available data, which limits both the scope and details of the results.

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Aimed for the Better, Ended up with the Worst: Russia and International Order

References Charap, Samuel, and Jeremy Shapiro. 2014. ‘How to Avoid a New Cold Wax’, Current History, vol. 113, no. 765. Christensen, Paul T. 2013. ‘Russia as Semiperiphery: Political Economy, the State, and Society in Contemporary World System’, in Neil Robinson, ed. The Political Economy of Russia. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 169-189. Glanville, Luke. 2013. ‘The Myth of “Traditional” Sovereignty’, International Studies Quarterly, vol. 57, no. 1. Hopf, Ted. 2013. ‘Common

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‘Consolidation’ and ‘Securitisation’ of the Russian State. Implications for Power Projection

-975. Sutela, Pekka. 2012. The political economy of Russia. Oxon: Routledge. The Bank of Finland Institute for Economies in Transition. 2014. Bofit Russia Statistics. At http://www.suomenpankki.fi/botit_en/seuranta/venajatilastot/Pags/default.aspx

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Enhancement of National Collaboration Between Defence Establishment and Industry by Systems Approach

. 27. Ministry of Defence - Finland [Puolustusministeriö]. Materiel Policy Strategy of the Ministry of Defence [Puolustusministeriön Materiaalipoliittinen Strategia]. Helsinki, Finland: Puolustusministeriö; 2007. p. 30. 28. Ministry of Employment and the Economy of Finland. The Official Internet site of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy of Finland. 2009 [cited 2009, 17.11.2009]; Available from: http://www.tem.fi/index.phtml?l=en&s=2221 29. Gopalaswamy S. Offset Investment Inflow Priorities for Ordnance Factories. Journal of

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Ukraine‘s deterrence failure: Lessons for the Baltic States

References Anderson, J., Larsen, J. and Holdorf, P. (2013). Extended Deterrence and Allied Assurance: Key Concepts and Current Challenges for U.S. Policy . [online] Colorado: USAF Institute for National Security Studies at the USAF Academy, Available at: http://www.usafa.edu/df/inss/OCP/OCP69.pdf [Accessed 3 Nov. 2016]. Aslund, A. (2015). Russia’s War on Ukraine’s Economy. [online] Project Syndicate, Available at: https://www.projectsyndicate.org/commentary/russia-war-on-ukraine-economy-by-anders-aslund-2015-07?barrier=true [Accessed 3 Nov

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The EU Migration Crisis and the Baltic Security

prosperity: German companies see refugees as opportunity’, Der Spiegel 27 August. Available from: <http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/refugeesare-an-opportunity-for-the-german-economy-a-1050102.html>. [20 September 2015]. ‘EUBAM Libya: Factsheet’, January 2015. Available from: <http://www.eeas.europa.eu/csdp/missions-and-operations/eubamlibya/pdf/factsheet_eubam_libya_en.pdf>. [1 December 2015]. European Commission 2015a, 'EU-Turkey joint action plan', 15 October. Available from: <http://europa.eu/rapid/pressrelease_MEMO-15-5860_en

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Does Latvia Matter in Regional Geopolitics?

-143. MOLDER, H., 2011. The Cooperative Security Dilemma in the Baltic Sea Region. Journal of Baltic Studies, 42(1), pp. 143-168. MUIŽNIEKS, N., 2011. Latvian-Russian Relations: Dynamics Since Latvia’s Accession to the EU and NATO. Riga: University of Latvia. OJA, K., 2015. No Milk for the Bear: the Impact on the Baltic States of Russia’s Counter-Sanctions. Baltic Journal of Economics, 15(1), pp. 38-49. OZOLIŅŠ, J., VĒVERIS, A. and BENGA, E., 2015. The Role of EU Funds in Diversification of Rural Economy in Latvia. Research for Rural Development, 2

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How Russian Soft Power Fails in Estonia: Or, Why the Russophone Minorities Remain Quiescent

from http://www.mid.ru/brp_4.nsf/0/76389FEC168189ED44257B2E0039B16D (last accessed, 4 November 2015). Nye, J. S., Jr. (2004), Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics, (New York, Public Affairs). Paas, T. (2000), ’The Gravity Approach for Modeling International Trade Patterns for Economies in Transition’, International Advances in Economic Research, 6, 4, pp. 633-648. Popescu, N. & Wilson, A. (2009), The Limits of Enlargement-Lite: European and Russian Power in the Troubled Neighbourhood, (London, European

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China and the Baltic States: strategic challenges and security dilemmas for Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia

), 10 July. [online] Available at https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/exercise-joint-sea-2017-new-step-russo-chinese-naval-cooperation . [Accessed 14 Feb. 2018] Hankewitz, S. (2017). The Joint Russia-China Drill to See 10 Warships in the Baltic Sea, Estonian World , 19 July. (online) Available at http://estonianworld.com/security/joint-russia-china-drill-see-10-warships-baltic-sea/ . [Accessed 14 Feb. 2018] Heijmans, P. (2017). As CEE Warms to China, Experts Warn of Risk. Nikkei Asian Review , 1 Jan. [online] Available at https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy

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