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Criteria for the evaluation of reclamation status of soils in the Mugan-Salyan massif

земель Юга Нечер-ноземья [Ecological aspects of soils irrigation under conditions of technogenic pollution. In: Ecological aspects of soil melioration in West Nonchernozem]. Moscow. Moscow University p. 74–122. M ustafayev M.G. 2007. Influence of salt quantity and type on the productivity of agricultural plants in soil of the experimental area in Salyan. In: Energy, Ecology Economy International Congress. Baku, 7–9 June 2007 p. 551–554. M ustafaev M.G. 2009. Роль мелиорации почв Мугано-Сальянского массива. В: Мелиорация и водного хозяйство ХХ1 века. наука

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Water and physical characteristics of irrigated soils in the Massif of Mugan-Salyan / Woda i charakterystyki fizyczne nawadnianych gleb w Masywie Mugaw-Salyan

-124. MUSTAFAYEV M.Q. 2010. Composition (for a region of Salyan) of the saline map by paying attention to a quantity and a type of the salt in the reclaimed soils. In: Melioration and water economy of the XXI century. Science and education. The materials of the international scientific- -practical conference devoted to 170 years of the Belarus State Academy of Agriculture of Gorki p. 121-132. SHIKHLINSKY E.M. 1969. Climate of Azerbaijan. Baku. Elm. VOLOBUYEV V.R. 1965. Genetic forms of salinity of the soils of Kura-Araks Lowland. Baku. AS of the

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The response of ash-alder swamp forest to increasing stream water level caused by damming by the European beaver (Castor fiber L.)

The response of ash-alder swamp forest to increasing stream water level caused by damming by the European beaver (Castor fiber L.)

The response of an ash-alder swamp forest to water damming was studied in the łutownia stream running in Białowieża Forest. The łutownia stream with artificial dam existing from 2001 for small water retention purposes was the test object. The first observation of vegetation was done in 2004, when small retention construction started to influence surrounding forest, but beavers had not built their dam yet. After one year of experiments (2005) the beaver dam was constructed close to man-made dam and its influence was most significant for further studies. So, the first observation refers to the status of ash-alder swamp forest before beaver damming. Water table level was measured from the beginning of 2004. The main goal of presented studies was to determine changes of terrestrial vegetation and its habitat after increasing of the water level in the stream. One square metre plots in a frame 5 × 5m were localized in a transect close to the stream upstream and downstream artificial dam. Within 104 such plots ground vegetation (growing up to 0.5 m above ground) was described using Braun-Blanquet scale of abundance. The vegetation studies were conducted twice in 2004 and repeated in 2007. The list of species and their abundance were determined twice: in spring and in summer. Changes of species richness and coverage by species characteristic for floodplain and swamp forest site were evaluated. Ecological indices of soil moisture and fertility determined as the means weighed by percent cover by plant species were calculated for two periods of observation. Calculated indicator values showed that water retention increased the number of swamp forest species by 8 times, but the area of swamp habitat increased 16 times compared with 2004. The mean number of species per sample plot was the same before and after water damming by beavers. The plant association (ash-alder riparian forest) changed its floristic composition to swampier variant. Obtained results showed real impact of beavers' activity on ground vegetation and its habitat in ashalder swamp forest. Observed increased number of swamp species close to the beaver dam is positive from ecological point of view. Presented results indicate also, that species richness is strongly controlled by beaver damming. The population dynamics of beavers could also potentially affect species richness by altering the age distribution of beaver dams and abandoned ponds across the river valley landscape. Generally, this point of view could have adverse social effects because beavers' activity brings losses to forestry and agriculture. Therefore, we should try to find a balance between economy and wildlife management. Monitoring of the beaver sites should be continued to evaluate ecological consequences and to find best solution of these problems.

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The role of grasslands in the formation of structural and spatial order of rural areas

, humans and their activity). Ed. J. Warszyńska. Kraków, Wydaw. UJ: 31-47. Starkel L., 1972. Charakterystyka rzeźby Polskich Karpat (i jej znaczenie dla gospodarki ludzkiej). (The characteristics of the Polish Carpathians relief (and its importance for human economy)). Problemy Zagospodarowania Ziem Górskich, 10: 75-91. Twardy S., 1991. Organizacja wielkostadnej gospodarki pasterskiej w górach przy uwzględnieniu mechanicznego dojenia owiec. (Organisation of large pastoral economy in the mountains with the consideration

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The influence of hydrotechnical conditions on energy production in small-scale hydropower plants / Wpływ warunków hydrotechnicznych na wielkość produkcji energii w małych elektrowniach wodnych

-112. Obwieszczenie Ministra Gospodarki z dnia 16 grudnia 2009 r. w sprawie raportu zawierającego analizę realizacji celów ilościowych i osiągniętych wyników w zakresie wytwarzania energii elektrycznej w odnawialnych źródłach energii [Announcement of the Minister of Economy of 16. December 2009 on the report containing the analysis of realization of quantitative targets and obtained results with regard to the production of electric energy from renewable resources]. MP 2010. Nr 7 poz. 64. SADOWSKI T., ŚWIDERSKI G., LEWANDOWSKI W. 2008. Wykorzystanie odnawialnych i

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Evolution of the flow of drainage waters in the Oued Righ canal, Algeria

decision support system. Synthèse. Revue des Sciences et de la Technologie. No. 33 p. 56–71. C haouche B. 2008. Touggourt ou la dynamique d’une ville aux sept ksour [Touggourt or the dynamics of a city with seven ksour]. Sciences and D Technologies. No. 28 p. 9–18. C arlier M. 1972. Hydraulique générale et appliquée [General and applied hydraulics]. Paris. Eyrolles pp. 567. G oblot H. 1963. In ancient Iran, the techniques of water and great story. Annals Economies Societies Civilizations. Vol. 18. No. 3 p. 499–520. G oblot H. 1979. Qanats: A

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Data clustering analysis in the assessment of wastes using in the sewage filtration

[submitted in 2019]. EURACTIV 2017. New recycling levels [online]. [Access 10.10.2018]. Available at: https://www.euractiv.pl/section/energia-i-srodowisko/news/nowe-poziomy-recyklinguzaakceptowane-unie-europejska-circular-economy G utiérrez -G onzález S., G adea J., R odríguez A., J unco C., C alderón V. 2012. Lightweight plaster materials with enhanced thermal properties made with polyurethane foam wastes. Construction and Building Materials. Vol. 28. Iss. 1 p. 653−658. J óźwiakowski K. 2017a. Efficiency of organic substance removal in a hybrid

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Actions and measures for mitigation drought and water scarcity in agriculture

Publishers, U.K. p. 194–202. D öll P. 2002. Impact of climate change and variability on irrigation requirements: a global perspective. Climatic Change. No. 54 p. 269–293. EC 2007. Water scarcity and droughts. Second Interim Report. DG Environment pp. 93. ESPON 2011. ESPON Climate. Climate change and territorial effects on regions and local economies. Scientific Report [online]. Dortmund. TU University. ISBN 978-2-919777-04-4. [Access 04.04.2016]. Available at: https

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Environmental repercussion of subsidence reservoirs reclamation

- analiza skutków ubytku masy z górotworu. W: Problemy geoekologiczne Górnoślαsko-Ostrawskiego Regionu Przemysłowego. mater. symp. pol.-czesk. Red. A. T. Jankowski, M. Rzętała. Sosnowiec, Wydz. Nauk o Ziemi UŚl.: 117-124. Sierka E., 2003. The role of grass species in forest communities with Carex brizoides of the Silesian Upland. In: Problems of grass biology. Kraków, Inst. Bot. Pol. Acad. Sci.: 503-512. Sierka E., Chmura D., 2004. Changes in mixed pine forest ( Querco roboris-Pinetum ) as a result of forest economy in

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Small (natural) water retention in rural areas / Mała (naturalna) retencja wodna na obszarach wiejskich

References BERNINGER K., KOSKIAHO J., TATTARI S. 2012. Constructed wetlands in Finish agricultural environments: balancing between effective water protection, multifunctionallity and socio-economy. Journal of Water and Land Development. No 17 p. 19-29. BIELECKA J., HARDEJ M., KOZŁOWSKA E., STEPANIUK W. 2006. Walory przyrodnicze i hydrologiczne małych zbiorników wodnych wybudowanych w Puszczy Białowieskiej [The ecological and hydrological value of small ponds constructed in Białowieża Forest]. Woda-Środowisko- Obszary Wiejskie

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