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Za siedmimi morami:The Myth that has Become Real Life for Professor Viktor Krupa

Abstract

The article is devoted to the anniversary of Professor Viktor Krupa – the known Slovak ethnographer and linguist. The object of the analysis was the name of one of the most popular books of Hero of the day – Za siedmimi morami („Over the seven seas“), which seems to be characteristic for the author’s biography. This excpression is included in the Slavic proverbs and sayings with the concept of „sea“. In this case, although the idiom za siedmimi morami is not fixed by any phrasebook or by the majority of monolingual and bilingual dictionaries of the Slovak language, it is widely known in colloquial speech and is often used in modern Slovak literature and the media. In the cited contexts, the expression retains its folk stylistic flavor, which often emphasizes the typical folk-poetic speech „increments“ to its meaning and rhythm, reinforcing the semantics of „remoteness“: za siedmimi ostrovmi a za siedmimi morami, za siedmimi horami a siedmimi morami etc. This variation suggested by the presence of Slovak folklore explicate version of our expression, where the numerical component of the „seven“ is replaced by „nine“ – za deviatimi horami, za siedmimi morami.

Expression za siedmimi morami is one of the many „sea“ – sayings and proverbs recorded in the Slovak language. Each of them has its own distribution area, and its own history, sometimes going back to the ancient European cultural heritage. And in all of them reflect the semantics of infinite space, symbolized by component more („sea“), which created also the idiom za siedmimi morami.

Linguistic analysis of the expression on the background of its Slavic correspondences shows that it has deep folkloric and mythological roots in the Slavic and Indo-European world. This ancient symbolism was explicated in the title of one of the many books of Professor Victor Krupa.

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A Masterpiece of the Czech and the World Phraseology (František Čermák and col.: Czech Idion Dictionary Set)

References ČERMÁK, František: Frazeologie a idiomatika. In: Filipec, J. - Čermák, F.: Česká lexikologie. Praha: Academia 1985, s. 166-236. ČERMÁK, František: Universals, Typology and Idioms. In: Proceeding of LP'90. Conference Linguistics and Phonetics: Prospects and Applications. Red. B. Palek - P. Janota. Praha: Charles University Press 1991, s. 261-269. ČERMÁK, František: Frazém a idiom. In: Encyklopedický slovník češtiny. Red. P. Karlík - M. Nekula - J. Pleskalová. Praha

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Language of the Hand in Indo-European Idioms

Abstract

The research starts from the assertion that there is an interdependent rapport between cultural forms and the experiential field, necessary for the dynamics of cultural development. The general objective of our approach is the development of a system of relations ordered by human experience for linguistic vitality (of a language/group of [kindred] languages) in the mental and cultural fields. Particular/experiential takes on the concepts of “right”/“left”, the systemic extension of significances in linguistics, religion, moral mentality, and culture of peoples of the world stand as secondary objectives of the research. Application is made to pan-Latin languages, Hungarian, and English. Synchronic and diachronic analysis, contrastive method, and cognitive approach are but a few of the research methods. The first of the conclusions to be drawn is that the diachronic dynamics of a culture is ensured by the systemic relations between human experience, language, mentality, and others.

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The Notion of the Foreign in Hungarian and Bulgarian Phraseologisms

and Polish Proverbs and Phraseologisms]. Magyar Nyelvőr 131(1): 74-87. Bárdosi, Vilmos, ed. 2003. Magyar Szólástár [Dictionary of Hungarian Idioms and Proverbs]. Budapest: Tinta Kiadó. Kövecses, Zoltán. 1998. Magyar szlengszótár [Dictionary of Hungarian Slang]. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. Margalits, Ede. 1897. Magyar közmondások és közmondásszerű szólások [Hungarian Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases]. Budapest: Kiadja Kókai Lajos a Millenium Évében. Pusztai, Ferenc, ed. 2003. Magyar Értelmező Kéziszótár, 2

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Conceptualization and representation of the passing of time in Spanish phraseology: A gender study

perspective. Cambridge: Polity. Coulson, S. and Pagán Cánovas, C., 2014. Understanding timelines: Conceptual metaphor and conceptual integration. Journal of Cognitive Semiotics , vol. 5, no. 1-2, pp. 198-219. Dobrovol’skij, D. and Piirainen, E., 2005a. Figurative language. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Dobrovol’skij, D. and Piirainen, E., 2005b: Cognitive theory of metaphor and idiom analysis. Jeziko-slovlje, vol. 6. no. 1, 7-35. Dobrovol’skij, D. and Piirainen, E., 2010. Idioms: Motivation and etymology. In: K. Kuiper, ed. Yearbook of phraseology 1

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Towards a lexicographic account of GIRL: forms, meanings and values

References Ammer, Ch. (1997). The American heritage dictionary of idioms. New York: The Christine Ammer 1992 Trust (AHDI). Ammer, Ch. (2006). The facts on file dictionary of clichés. New York: Facts on File, Inc. (FFDC). Blevins, W. (1993). Dictionary of the American west. New York: Facts on File Publishers (DAW). Burkhanov, I. (1998). Dictionary of lexicography. Rzeszów: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego. Chapman, R. L. (1997). Dictionary of American slang. New York: Harper

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Chopin's Barcarole in F sharp major Op. 60. A Sentimental Song or a Romantic Poem?

"Barkarola Fis-dur" op. 60 Chopina. Pieśń sentymentalna czy romantyczny poemat?

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Cognitive-Semiotic Mechanisms of Phraseme Building

Abstract

The article deals with the problems of idioms production and perception related to the foresign forms emergence of information accumulation and storage contained in the cognitive-based derivation of phraseme building. It is suggested that presign stage of the semiosis process and the phraseme understanding is a cognitive model that precedes not only the formation of the phraseme semantic structure, but its perception. Since the cognitive model of phrasemic semiosis is a diagram of discursive meaning embodiment and discourse itself is form of its indirectly derivative existence, there is a need to show how the cognitive-discursive mechanisms of phraseme building is associated with foresign forms of sense accumulation and storage.

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Arab Efl Learners’ Acquisition of Verbs of Senses

Abstract

This study attempts to explore the difficulties that Arab EFL learners of English encounter in the use of five verbs of senses when used as copulas, main verbs, main verbs with a metaphorical use, and as parts of idioms. A questionnaire consisting of three parts was specially designed to elicit the necessary data for this study at the levels of recognition and production. The subjects of the study were 30 randomly selected senior English major university students. The results of the study show that the students encountered tangible difficulties in using the five target verbs. A hierarchy of difficulty was established and the main causes of the problem were identified.

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