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GMO Trees: Substantial promise but serious obstacles to commercialization

Summary

This paper assesses the potential of transgenic trees to generate substantial financial returns in an environmental where there are substantial investment costs in research and development, deregulation and deployment. The formidable obstacles and in addition to the usual research and development costs, include the costs of obtaining requisite intellectual property rights. Also, there are substantial costs to achieve deregulation, and some evidence of deregulatory slowdown in the U.S., and cost of product deployment. The product deployment costs are likely to be higher than for other products, e.g., traditionally improved seedlings, due to substantial and widespread opposition (stigma) to GE in general and transgenic trees particular. As with all trees, the payoff time (harvest) is delayed longer than most other investments and the financial returns adversely affected by the delay. Additionally, the financial costs and benefits may vary substantially by country and region. Some evidence suggests that deregulation costs may vary substantially by country. Additionally, the perceived “stigma” costs are likely to vary greatly among regions thereby providing better opportunities in some markets than others. If deployment depends upon the financial and economic returns, one might expect widespread adoption among some countries, e.g., China and Brazil, where the net benefits are large, and little or no adoption among countries where the net benefits are small, e.g., countries of the EU. However, at this time the final success of GE trees remains to be witnessed. Although some firms have withdrawn entirely from the area of tree GE research, other firms continue to invest substantial sums in tree GE development presumably anticipating eventual payoffs. It remains to be determined whether the technology ultimately is broadly accepted, accepted only regionally or fails globally.

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Green Marketing Orientation and Environmental and Social Performance of Hospitality Firms in South Africa

Jordan. International Journal of Business and Management 11(9), pp.117-125. [4] Amegbe, H., Owino, J., Nuwasiima, A., 2017. Green Marketing Orientation (GMO) and Performance of SMEs in Ghana. American Journal of Management , 11(1), pp.99-109. [5] Andersen, M.M., Faria, L., 2015. The Green Economy and Emerging Green Business Models in the Danish Window Industry. Paper presented at 18th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation, Epsom, United Kingdom. [6] Ansar, N., 2013. Impact of Green Marketing on Consumer Purchase Intention

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Impact of Globulins Derived from Genetically Modified and Conventional Soybean on Swine Lymphocyte Proliferation in in vitro Cultures

Impact of Globulins Derived from Genetically Modified and Conventional Soybean on Swine Lymphocyte Proliferation in in vitro Cultures

The majority of the global feed market is dominated by the Roundup Ready 40-3-2 transgenic soybean varieties developed and marketed by Monsanto Company, which are characterized by tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient of the Roundup herbicide. It should be remembered, however, that soybean is one of the major allergens which may affect animal health. The aim of the study was to compare allergenic properties of globulins derived from genetically modified (GM) soybean imported from the USA and conventional soybean developed in Poland. Analyses were performed by measuring porcine lymphocyte proliferation in in vitro cultures. It turned out that both genetically modified and conventional soybean proteins caused immune response at the level of negative control. A slight increase in relation to the negative control was observed in the case of 7S and 11S fractions derived from the GM meal and 7S fraction isolated from Nawiko meal.

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The Nightmare: Genetically Modified Organisms as Alien Species

GMOs Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/food/dyna/gm_register/index_en.cfm (10.12.2013). 10. Galeano P., Debat C. M., Ruibal F., Fraguas L. F. and Galván G. A., 2010 ‒ Cross-fertilization between genetically modified and non-genetically modified maize crops in Uruguay, Environmental Biosafety Research, 9, 3, 147-154. 11. Gao Y., Truong Y. B., Cacioli P., Butler P. and Kyratzis I. L., 2014 ‒ Bioremediation of pesticide contaminated water using an organophosphate degrading enzyme immobilized on nonwoven polyester textiles, Enzyme and

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Approved genetically modified (GM) horticultural plants: A 25-year perspective

REFERENCES ABCA, 2012. GM carnations in Australia: a resource guide. http://www.abca.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/ABCA_Resource_Guide_2_v2.pdf . Accessed 18 January 2018. ACBIO, 2013. GM industry called to account: ISAAA’s report mischievous and erroneous. African Centre for Biosafety. https://acbio.org.za/gm-industry-called-to-account-isaaas-report-mischievous-and-erroneous . Accessed 1 October 2017. AFCD, 2015. Review of the exemption of genetically modified papayas in Hong Kong. Discussion Paper GMO 04/2015. Agriculture, Fisheries and

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Japanese women in the contemporary society

References Antram, N., (2007). The obsession with brands, GMO Research Blog: Japan Marketing Review . Retrieved from GMO Research Blog: http://www.gmo-research.jp/mt/nick/ . Boatman T. (2016). Ginza Brand Central for Luxury. Retrieved from http://www.gonative.jp/articles/ginzaground-zero-for-luxury-brands . Ellington, L. (2012). Japan: a global studies handbook, Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, California, ISBN-13: 978-1576072714, 163-171. Reischauer, E.O. (1997). Japanese, Harvard University Press, ISBN: 0674471768, 134

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Screening the Presence of Amflora Transgenic Potato in Food or Feed Products

–28. 3. Kuiper HA, Davies HV – The Safe Food Risk Analysis Framework suitable for GMOs? A case study. Food Control. 2010; 21:1662-1676. 4. VIB (Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie – Flemish Institute for Biothenology) – Scientific background report Amflora potato. https://www.vib.be/en/news/Documents/VIB%20Background%20report%20Amflora.pdf . 5. Tilocca MG, Serratrice G, Oggiano MA et al – Monitoring the presence of genetically modified potato EH92-527-1 (BSP-25271-9) in commercial processed food. Ital J Food Safety. 2014; 3(1): 57-59. 6. Abdallah N

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The chemical composition of domestic soybean seeds and the effects of partial substitution of soybean meal by raw soybean seeds in the diet on pigs’ growth performance and pork quality (m. longissimus lumborum)

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the effect of the introduction of 5% of raw soybean seeds instead of soybean meal on the growth, feed consumption and utilization of growing pigs, also the carcass and pork quality. The growth experiment was conducted on 120 pigs of approx. 18.5 kg allocated to two dietary treatments. The animals from the control treatment (CON) were offered a diet with soybean meal, and the experimental group (EXP) was given 5% raw soybean seeds (NON-GMO, Augusta var.) instead of SBM. The experiment lasted 88 days. After the experiment, eight pigs from each group were euthanized and meat samples were collected. No diet effect on the animals’ performance and carcass quality were observed (P>0.05). The experimental diet affected (P<0.05) meat color, and also meat composition (higher water content and lower intramuscular fat content). The composition of fatty acids in the meat did not differ significantly, except for higher C16:1 content in the EXP group.

The introduction of 5% raw soybean seeds in the diets did not impact animal performance, but it reduced some indices of the pork quality.

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Georgian Consumer Attitudes Towards Genetically Modified Products

, Methodology and Practice ], Finpress. Gonzalez, C., Johnson, N., Qaim, M. (2009), Consumer Acceptance of Second Generation GM Foods: The Case of Bio Fortified Cassava in the Northeast of Brazil, Journal of Agricultural Economics , 60 (3), (September), pp. 604–624. Gotz, F. V. (2010), See what you eat-broad GMO screening with microarrays, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry , 396, pp. 1961–1967. How to Avoid Genetically Engineered Food, (2003), A Greenpeace Shoppers Guide, second edition, Greenpeace, pp. 1–27. Kristensen, D. B., Askergaard, S

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