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A Model to Simulate the Dynamics of Public Debt Sustainability in EU

-VIII, 405-440. *** European Commission (2006): “The long-term sustainability of public finances in the European Union”, European Economy , 4, Brussels.

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Development Of An Econometric Model Case Study: Romanian Classification System

://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/pigmeat/policy-instruments/index_en.htm, [accessed 10 April 2015] European Parliament and The Council of European Union (2013), Regulation (EU) No 1308, establishing a common organization of the markets in agricultural products, Annex IV, B, Official Journal L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 671-854. Goldberger, S. Arthur (1964), Econometric Theory, Wiley, New York, p.1. Green, H. William (2003), Econometric Analysis, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA, p.1, 7. Gujarati, Damodar (1992), Essential of Econometrics, McGraw Hill, Inc., New York, USA, p

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Strategies for developing knowledge economy in Romania

and improvement. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence (Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 916-926). De Gruyter Open. Franklin, K.K., & Hart, J.K. (2007). Idea generation and exploration: Benefits and limitations of the policy Delphi research method. Innovation in Higher Education , Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 237-246. Freedom House (2001). Report on Romania, Retrieved from: https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2001/romania . Fucec, A.A. (2015). Romania And The Knowledge Economies In The European Union: Status, Progress And

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Factors of impact on the evolution of electricity markets from renewable energy sources: a comparison between Romania and Germany

. Challenges for the Knowledge Society, Vol. 8, Special Issue, pp. 255-267. Official Journal of the European Union, (2004), Support for electricity from renewable energy sources, available online at: eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/ EN/TXT/?qid=1410539736452&uri=URISERV:l24452 (accessed May 4, 2014). Pacesila, M. (2013), “Analysis of the Balkan countries policy on renewable energy sources: the case of Bulgaria, Romania and Greece”, Management Research and Practice, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 49-66. Ragwitz, M., Steinhilber, S

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Sustainable business models for wind and solar energy in Romania

), “Conceptualizing a Sustainability Business Model”, Organization & Environment, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 103-127. Tanţău, A.D., Regneală, H. and Coraş, E. (2013), ”Managing risks in solar energy business” in: Proceedings of the 6th Edition of the International Conference on Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in a Globalised World, Babeş- Bolyai University, Romania, 25-28 September 2013. Tanţău, A.D. (2014), “Strategic Issues in Managing Photovoltaic Business in the Context of the European Union. Case study-Romania”, International Journal of Economic

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Competitiveness and sustainable development in public services

Abstract

The last years were of profound transformation in public services that knows more or less the challenge from the private sector. A second dimension of competitiveness for the public services staring from 2007 was the free access of the citizens to at least education and health services in European Union. The paper aims to show the evolution of the cohabitation of the public and private sectors on the services of public interest, their development and evolution in different regions. Identifying and highlighting the key issues in competitiveness and quality of the services provided, will give us the main lines for the further development and public policies that should be considered. Considering the cohesion policy of European Union, an analysis of the public and private sectors in public services in Romanian counties could drive us to a conclusion about the affordability and the quality of the services. Using the statistics it can be show the regional distribution of the service providers especially for education, health, water supply and other services. The integrated analysis we offer a global picture of the regional potential and development. Based on the findings the public decision makers could better set up the sectorial public policies and the public spending. Never the less, the European support could be also directed to increase the quality and efficiency of the public services.

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The Importance of the Sustainability of the Romanian Convergence Process to the Euro Zone

Abstract

Since 2007, Romania has been under the under the glance of experts in the European Union, but also under the strict monitoring of the NBR and also under the pressure of citizens and investors' expectations about the moment of euro adoption. My research concerns have also been channeled to this point of maximum interest, impact and timeliness, which is why I have proposed through this paper to highlight a synthetic situation regarding the fulfillment of the convergence criteria from the moment of accession to the European Union, to the present. The objective of this paper is to reflect, in dynamics and correlation, the degree of fulfillment of the nominal and real convergence criteria, the sustainability of the levels achieved for certain indicators, so necessary for joining the single currency, without shocks. Romania is a country subject to frequent fluctuations at all levels: economic, political, legislative, also reflected in the fluctuations in meeting the convergence criteria. The lack of medium and long-term sustainability of the criteria considered necessary for joining the euro area will make this desiderate ever more remote.

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Public reactions towards wind energy instalments. Case study: Romania and the Netherlands

Abstract

Wind energy experienced an exponential development in the past two decades, forming a main source of energy today, but also a frequently encountered issue of debate due to the increased proximity of wind turbines to citizens’ residence, especially in the case of the Western part of the European Union. Although the benefits of renewable sources of energy represent a compulsory effort towards ensuring sustainable energy strategies for the future, due to the increased pressure of balancing climate change, limitation of traditional energy resources and economic competition, the expansion of wind parks has caused strong reactions of local communities in many regions leading to the reorganization of public exposure strategies of many companies in the field. This research intends to offer a sample of public perceptions of wind turbines depending on several influence factors, based on the answers of 64 Dutch citizens and 40 Romanian respondents. Through the implementation of the Delphi method based on questionnaires and interviews, an overview of perceptions towards placement of wind turbines in the two analyzed countries has been offered, providing significant answers to the influence factors of public reactions for or against wind turbines. The main results of the research revealed the importance of financial benefits in increasing public acceptance of wind farms, as well as several subjective factors, such as the visual impact of wind turbines and onshore or offshore placement, that contribute to a positive or negative behavior of citizens towards it.

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Tourism industry in the new member states. Key countries and destinations

Abstract

This paper provides an examination of tourism in the New Member States of the European Union in the period 2007-2015, assessing the importance of tourism for the New Member States economy and the factors that might affect this industry. Considerable research has been devoted to tourism in the developed countries from Europe, but rather less attention has been paid to tourism in the Central-Eastern Europe, the New Member States region. In this regard, the paper will start with an overview of the current state of the literature on this topic, section that precedes a presentation of European bodies and policies in the travel and tourism field. Time series will be analyzed in order to identify the key countries for tourism in the region, according to the number of international arrivals, number of international overnight stays and exports in trade. Tourism contribution and importance for the economy, key destinations in the region, EU and state-level policies in the tourism sector, as well as main challenges and opportunities in the tourism sector will be addressed, focusing on the three key countries identified, Poland, Czech Republic and Croatia, that offer tourists unique, traditional experiences, focusing on niche markets, rather than on mass-market tourism.

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Systems competing for mobile factors: decision making based on hard vs. soft locational factors

Abstract

The paper explores the links between capital relocation and soft locational factors addressing the quality of the business environment and the quality of life within the European Union. System competition is viewed as a competition between countries for the mobile factors capital and labour. The issue of systems competition is topical and insufficiently explored by contemporary literature. The scarcity of scientific papers describing the links between system competition theories and contemporary corporate geography theories, especially of the ones including the analysis of soft location factors, is a challenging aspect, which motivates the choice of this subject. This paper’s primary aim is to deliver an overview of the basic corporate geography conceptions, stressing the importance of soft location factors in today’s competition between systems for the mobile factors capital and labour. The paper further contains an analysis of the correlations between indicators regarding the institutional design of countries as developed by the World Bank (Ease of Doing Business), the Happiness Scale and the latest available data of FDI Stocks for the EU countries (2016). The relevance of such a study is based on the evidence that the contemporary business education relies on an extensive knowledge of the business environment. In the circumstance of similar infrastructural conditions, the main difference between locations is made by soft location factors. Since developed economies are characterised by a high degree of ubiquity of soft factors, the paper concludes that developing and emerging economies should foster the development of their soft location factors.

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