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Open access

Esra Yildiz

Abstract

Zr0.99Gd0.01O2, Zr0.98Gd0.01Dy0.01O2 and Zr0.98Gd0.01Yb0.1O2 phosphors were synthesized by Pechini method at 1200 °C for 12 h in air. The phosphors were characterized by using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis/thermal gravimetry (DTA/TG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and photoluminescence spectrofluorometer (PL). X-ray powder diffraction studies showed that the phosphors were crystallized as monoclinic and tetragonal multiphases. The particle size of the phosphors after heat treatment at 1200 °C was found to be of 200 nm to 250 nm. Luminescence studies on these phosphors have been carried out on the emission and excitation, along with lifetime measurements. The results of emission analysis indicate that the phosphors are expected to find potential applications as new optical materials.

Open access

Prafulla Kumar Swain, Gurprit Grover and Komal Goel

Abstract

The cure fraction models are generally used to model lifetime data with long term survivors. In a cohort of cancer patients, it has been observed that due to the development of new drugs some patients are cured permanently, and some are not cured. The patients who are cured permanently are called cured or long term survivors while patients who experience the recurrence of the disease are termed as susceptibles or uncured. Thus, the population is divided into two groups: a group of cured individuals and a group of susceptible individuals. The proportion of cured individuals after the treatment is typically known as the cure fraction. In this paper, we have introduced a three parameter Gompertz (viz. scale, shape and acceleration) or generalized Gompertz distribution in the presence of cure fraction, censored data and covariates for estimating the proportion of cure fraction through Bayesian Approach. Inferences are obtained using the standard Markov Chain Monte Carlo technique in openBUGS software.

Open access

Koudelka Libor

Abstract

In the first quarter of the last century hydraulic power plants were equipped with high-speed Francis turbines even in the situation when a contemporary project manager would suggest Kaplan turbine. The reason is simple. Mr. Kaplan patented his turbine only in 1912 [1], https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Kaplan . Those high-speed Francis turbines have just reached their lifetime. Mainly runners need repair. Our customers’ respond is that even renowned firms refuse to deliver runners with better parameters. Offer is to replace whole turbine with Kaplan or to make a copy of the existing runner. This paper presents experience and results of such a high-speed runner design. The runner substituted the one of Prokopa & sons from 1939 in powerhouse and mill at Křemže stream. Virtual prototyping technique has been used.

Open access

L. Petrescu, E. Cazacu, V. Ioniţă and Maria-Cătălina Petrescu

Abstract

Electrical transformers are essential parts of power supply networks and it is important that their life-time to be preserved. The inrush current of this devices could determine malfunctioning of the transformers or even others component of the network. For this reason, determining the inrush current for single-phase transformers is an important issue in power quality analysis of electrical grids. In this paper we presented an experimental device (hardware set-up and software program) that can measure this in rush current features for small transformers (up to 10 kVA). Also, the device affords the users to measure inrush current knowing the geometry of the transformer, the dimensions and the magnetic characteristic of the core.

Open access

Viera Illeová and Milan Polakovič

Abstract

Thermal inactivation of immobilized glucose isomerase in a concentrated glucose solution was investigated in the batch mode and temperature range of 83–95 °C, which is substantially higher than the temperature used in the industrial production of high-fructose corn syrup. Simultaneous evaluation of all inactivation data showed that first-order kinetics with the Arrhenius temperature dependence of the rate constant provided a good approximation of the biocatalyst stability under the investigated conditions. The model parameters were then used to predict the operational temperature for this biocatalyst in the production of high-fructose corn syrup based on the set operational life-time of the biocatalyst. The simulation predicted a window of operational temperature of 60–65 °C, which corresponds very well with the industrial applications of this biocatalyst. This observation demonstrates that the multi-temperature method of enzyme inactivation can provide a good estimate of biocatalyst process stability and is thus a useful tool in the development of biocatalytic processes.

Open access

Veronika Lehotová, Monika Petruláková and Ľubomír Valík

Abstract

New analytical techniques, the GreenLight™ system for rapid enumeration of total viable counts (TVC) were used to estimate the numbers of bacteria inoculated in different levels in broth nutrient media. The new detection methodology was compared with agar plating EN ISO 4833:2003 method showing excellent correlation. The following coefficients of determination R2 = 0.985 and 0.999 were calculated for aerobic Pseudomonas aeruginosa and facultative anaerobic E. coli, respectively. After calibration, the system based on the principle of quenching of luminescence intensity and lifetime of an oxygen-sensitive dye by sample O2 consumed during microbial growth enables to determine the number of microorganisms within less than 24 hours. The higher microbial load the shorter time for determination of viable count is needed. In case of simple food matrix for example, the results can be reached even within one shift of production.

Open access

Sylwia M. Wojda

Abstract

Wear of dental materials used for permanent dental fillings has a significant impact on their lifetime. Wear products generated during chewing process involving direct tribological contact between a composite and tooth enamel can cause damage not only to enamel itself but also to the entire tooth structure thus affecting the patient’s the health. It is essential therefore to assess the process of wear rates as well as the usefulness and effectiveness of the method used to measure these values. As there are a number of different methods used to quantify the loss of dental materials subjected to friction, eg.: scanning digital 3D models of dental casts, confocal microscope scanning or profilographometer measurements, the authors chose to analyze two selected research methods using confocal microscopy and profilographometer to assess their effectiveness. Two commercially available composite dental materials, i.e. ES and FFE previously subjected to friction tests in contact with human dental enamel, were used for the analysis.

Open access

Mehdi Bigdeli and Jafar Aghajanloo

Abstract

Transformers are one of the most important components of the power system. It is important to maintain and assess the condition. Transformer lifetime depends on the life of its insulation and insulation life is also strongly influenced by moisture in the insulation. Due to importance of this issue, in this paper a new method is introduced for determining the moisture content of the transformer insulation system using dielectric response analysis in the frequency domain based on artificial bee colony algorithm. First, the master curve of dielectric response is modeled. Then, using proposed method the master curve and the measured dielectric response curves are compared. By analyzing the results of the comparison, the moisture content of paper insulation, electrical conductivity of the insulating oil and dielectric model dimensions are determined. Finally, the proposed method is applied to several practical samples to demonstrate its capabilities compared with the well-known conventional method.

Open access

Kristína Gerulová, Martin Neštický, Eva Buranská and Roman Ružarovský

Abstract

A real-time monitoring and regulation system for metalworking fluids is being constructed to be installed in the Centre of excellence of 5-axis machining at the Faculty of Materials Science and Technology in Trnava. The article is focused on the description of the main components of the monitoring system and preliminary characterization of the software utilized in the regulation. The monitoring system will contain four probes to record real time values of pH, conductivity, temperature and concentration. After processing of recorded data by the LabVIEW software, an adjustment of the Metalworking fluid in the reservoir tank will be realized by the regulation part of the proposed system to optimum properties of the fluid, by adding water or concentrate. The designed device will provide an easy system which will control the quality of used metalworking fluid during its lifetime and maintain it on its optimum condition without human operator’s assistance.

Open access

Tran Hoang Quang Minh, Nguyen Huu Khanh Nhan, Nguyen Doan Quoc Anh, Tran Thanh Nam and Hsiao-Yi Lee

Abstract

Based on some advantageous properties, such as fast response time, environment friendliness, small size, long lifetime, and high efficiency, white LEDs are increasingly used in common illumination applications. In this research, by co-doping of redemitting Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ phosphor and adding SiO2 particles to yellow-emitting YAG:Ce phosphor compounds, a new approach for improving color uniformity and color rending index of remote-phosphor structure white LEDs is proposed and demonstrated. The obtained results clearly indicate that the color rendering index (CRI) and color uniformity (ΔCCT) significantly depend on Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+ concentration. The results provide a potential practical solution for manufacturing remote-phosphor white LEDs (RP-WLEDs) in the near future.