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., 2009 ). PBC is available in a mobile device which enables its use at training and competition sites.
Benefits of PBC for physical recovery improvement have been demonstrated ( Bouzigon et al., 2016 ). However, whether an exposure at –130 °C or less is well tolerated by athletes during a competition is questionable. Such exposure could be perceived as too painful, stressful and even dangerous and could lower or eliminate the beneficial effects of cryostimulation. During competition, psychological stress increases in athletes ( Filaire et al., 2001 ). Moreover
Alliance Kubayi, Yoga Coopoo and Heather Morris-Eyton
organisations to design strategies that could help to retain sport coaches in the country. Therefore, the present study was carried out to ascertain perceived hindrances experienced by sport coaches using exploratory factor analysis.
Material and Methods
A total of 224 sport coaches (122 males and 102 females) from the Gauteng Province of South Africa participated in this study. The participants represented a variety of sports: soccer ( n = 87), athletics ( n = 45), netball ( n = 44), cricket ( n = 19), rugby ( n = 12), swimming ( n = 10), boxing
Camila G. Freitas, Marcelo S. Aoki, Ademir F. S. Arruda, Clóvis Franciscon and Alexandre Moreira
, OM represented a sufficient source of stress that resulted in a significant decrement in SIgA concentration. This result suggests that the additional stress provided by participating in an official competition may lead to changes in the mucosal immunity function in young soccer players. These findings are in agreement with data from the study conducted on young female handball players ( Nazem et al., 2011 ) that reported a decrement in SIgA concentration after matches perceived as “more difficult”. Considering the results from the present study and the findings
Géczi Gábor, Vincze Géza, Koltai Miklós and Bognár József
Psychology , 3, 172-204.
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B aysaka , B., Y enerb , M.I. 2015. The Relationship Between Perceived Leadership Style And PerceivedStress On Hospital Employees , Procedia - Social And