Study on the quality of wines produced from ‘Syrah’ and ‘Tempranillo’ cultivars planted in two microregions in Southern Bulgaria
In the period 2006-2008 a comparative study was carried out on the ‘Tempranillo’, ‘Syrah 99’ and ‘Syrah 100’ cultivars, grown in two microregions in Southern Bulgaria - Brestnik and Pesnopoy. The soils in the region of Pesnopoy are of a better mechanical and chemical composition, which preconditions the formation of relatively high yields of good quality grapes. The ‘Tempranillo’ cultivar was highly productive in both microregions, however the quality of the wines was lower, compared to the ‘Syrah’ cultivar. They were poorer both in the content of extract and in fruit aroma. ‘Syrah 99’ from Brestnik and ‘Syrah 100’ clones from Pesnopoy do not differ significantly in productivity, but the wines of ‘Syrah 100’ from the Pesnopoy region were more intense in colour and their aroma was strong, full-bodied and lasting with dominating floral (violet) and forest fruit nuances. Tasting results showed high scores, which is evidence that the young wines have potential and contain the ingredients and components necessary to develop further into top quality red wines.
In the years 2004-2006, 37 F. rubra L. ecotypes and 35 F. nigrescens Lam. ecotypes were evaluated for their main lawn traits: the general aspect of the plant, slow re-growth, overwintering, winter greenness, leaf fineness and disease resistance. The lawn properties of the ecotypes were assessed with the use of the IHAR 9-grade scale of the visual quality classification system. The study individuals were compared with the model varieties: F. rubra ‘Areta’ and F. nigrescens ‘Nimba’. The ecotypes originated from natural localities in the Lublin region. The experiment was conducted using the method of randomly chosen blocks in three repetitions. One repetition contained six plants of one ecotype grown at a distance of 75 × 30 cm. The aim of the study was to analyze the variability of lawn traits in the examined F. rubra and F. nigrescens ecotypes and to estimate the suitability of the selected material for the breeding of new lawn varieties. Analyses indicated that most of the ecotypes that grow in natural localities in the Lublin region display high-grade lawn traits. This confirms the great suitability of the wild plants for further breeding. Ecotypes of both species obtained high scores comparable with model varieties for their disease resistance, leaf fineness and winter greenness, and also for general aspect and slow re-growth.
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Material and Methods
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