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The history of public health use of fluorides in caries prevention

. 2 Methods 2.1 Search Strategy We systematically searched the PubMed database on the preventive role of F in PH, published from 1984 to 2014. The search was conducted in February 2015, and revised in September 2015. The search process consisted of four steps ( Figure 1 ), namely: A basic search with included Medical Subject Headings (MESH): fluorides, dentistry, community health. We specified the search by reviewing the articles that also included the following words in the title or abstract: caries and preventive or prevention (Step 1). The first

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Survey vs Scraped Data: Comparing Time Series Properties of Web and Survey Vacancy Data

, 2018 ), Google searches ( Choi and Variant, 2012 ; Butler, 2013 ; Lazer et al., 2014 ), voluntary web surveys ( Pedraza et al., 2010 ), Open Data Government portals ( Sáez Martín et al., 2016 ), the combination of sources ( Revilla et al., 2017 ), and the resulting new sampling and recruiting modes and methods ( Stern et al., 2016 ; Head et al., 2016 ; De Leeuw, 2018 ; Revilla et al., 2015 ). Conclusions about quality and representativeness are diverse and depend on the context, target population, and research goal. In this paper, we propose to focus on a

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Utility of electronic medical recordbased fibrosis scores in predicting advanced cirrhosis in patients with hepatitic C virus infection

Introduction Fibrosis staging represents a critical step in the evaluation of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. It identifies patients with advanced disease stages who require screening for complications such as hepatocellular cancer or varices, while also being used to prioritize patients for treatment with direct-acting antiviral drugs. [ 1 - 3 ] The conventional staging process typically involves multiple steps, including laboratory testing, liver imaging, elastography or liver biopsy. In turn, this process requires numerous

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Cross-dating tree-ring series of living European beech by isochronic weather records

study material did not permit the use of simple graphics ( Speer, 2010 ); (3) a new procedure for cross-dating of cores from living trees (referred to as combined dating method) (see Appendix A). The practical applicability of the combined dating method was tested and validated in separate ways: (i) comparing the dating results by two independent re-searchers; (ii) comparison with an independent reference chronology for beech growing at its upper limit in the nearby mountain range Vtáčnik (48°38´N, 18°39´E; 1240 m a.s.l.) ( Dittmar et al ., 2003 ); validation on an

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A RED modified weighted moving average for soft real-time application

. Haider, A. and Nakao, A. (2008). On path switching in overlay network, Proceedings of the Australasian Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference (ATNAC), Adelaide, Australia, pp. 355-360. Hassan, M. and Jain, R. (2004). High Performance TCP/IP Networking, Pearson Education Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. Hooke, R. and Jeeves, T. (1961). Direct search solution of numerical and statistical problems, Journal of the ACM 8(2): 212-229. Kelley, C. (1999). Iterative Methods for Optimization, Frontiers in Applied

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Factors Influencing whether Nurses Talk to Somatic Patients about their Alcohol Consumption

.09.002 Lock, C. A. (2004). Screening and brief alcohol interventions: What, why, who, where and when? A review of the literature. Journal of Substance Use, 9 (2), 91–101. Retrieved from Mandag, M., & Trygfonden. (2009). Fremtidens alkoholpolitik: Ifølge danskerne [The future alcohol policy: according to Danes]. København: Mandag Morgen. Miller, W. R., & Wilbourne, P. L. (2002). Mesa Grande: A methodological analysis of clinical trials of treatments for alcohol use

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Analysis of Successful Offensive Play Patterns by the Spanish Soccer Team

methods to emerge is T‐pattern analysis, which searches for temporal patterns and is supported by a robust conceptual framework and a dedicated software application, THEME ( Magnusson, 2000 ). The following are just some examples of studies that have used T‐pattern detection within THEME ( Magnusson, 2000 , 2016) and its latest developments ( Amatria et al., 2017 ; Camerino et al., 2012 ; Castañer et al., 2017 ; Diana et al., 2017 ). For the current study, we used the free version of the program THEME, v. Edu. We searched for T‐patterns hidden within the full set

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Application of Genetic Algorithm Technique for Machining Parameters Optimization in Drilling of Stainless Steel

part in computer-aided manufacturing. The direct search method is one of the most popular mathematical optimization methods. It computes the first derivative of an objective function and sets it to zero, where the function becomes a maximum or minimum. The second derivative of the objective function is then used to determine the maxima or minima. Clearly, therefore, the objective function in classical and direct optimization must be continuous and twice differentiable. However, this requirement is generally not met in real-world problems [ 8 ]. This has led to the

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Proteomics in Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer/ Протеомика Во Дијагноза На Простатниот Карцином

screening: importance of methods and context. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2009; 101(6): 374-383. 13. Mohler J, Bahnson RR, Boston B, et al. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: prostate cancer. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2010; 8(2): 162-200. 14. Lapointe J, Li C, Higgins JP, et al. Gene expression profiling identifies clinically relevant subtypes of prostate cancer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2004; 101(3): 811-816. 15. Sakr WA, Tefilli MV, Grignon DJ, et al. Gleason score

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An Accurate and Rapid System to Identify Play Patterns in Tennis Using Video Recording Material: Break Point Situations as a Case Study

and qualitative methods, the approach becomes more consistent. As a consequence, in recent years, the number of studies integrating both methods has increased in the field of sport science ( Camerino et al., 2014 ; Gutierrez-Santiago et al., 2011 ; Fernandez et al., 2009 ; Prieto et al., 2013 ). This combined method, also known as a “mixed method” (Anguera et al., 2014; Camerino et al., 2012a ), is frequently applied to study some issues involving the complexity of the human motor behavior in other areas. The purpose of this research was to solve the problem

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