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Abstract

Medicine is in an era of technical development and innovation. Creating a tympanic membrane by using a 3D printer can exceed the disadvantages that classic graft materials have. The field of otolaryngology can be experiencing a paradigm shift towards the use of 3D-printer.

Abstract

BACKGROUND. The tendency of the nasal polyps for recurrence is well established and recognized. A potentially effective measure to reduce this tendency seems to be the replacement of the mucosa responsible for polyp growth.

MATERIAL AND METHODS. Since February 2012, we have used this method in fifteen patients with intractable polyposis. After a short course of preoperative medication, we performed a detailed computed scan analysis to study the anatomy of the ethmoidal complex and calculate the area and contour of the graft. Under general anaesthesia, we removed the mucosa of the nasal roof and replaced it with a split-thickness skin graft. For maintenance, only a short course of nasal drops every three months seems to suffice.

RESULTS. Excluding the first two cases due to a poor surgical technique, the rest of the cases may be considered successful. All patients experience a functional nose with restored nasal breathing and occasionally olfactory function with only a minimal pharmaceutical aid. Polyps still grow, but they show a much more benign course and are readily responsive to medical treatment. Interestingly, polyps present squamous metaplasia postoperatively. This feature needs further investigation.

CONCLUSION. The method of dermoplasty presents a high potential for control of polyp growth. With only an hour prolongation of surgical time, a minor increase in complication rate and a small increase in morbidity rate, the technique deserves further attention from the rhinological society.

Abstract

The authors present a case of recurrent frontal rhinosinusitis, for which the drug therapy was ineffective. To avert the risk of complications, multiple classic and endoscopic surgical procedures were performed on the frontal sinus pathology.

The bacterium involved in this form of rhinosinusitis was represented by a Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) diagnosed during the first endoscopic approach (the second surgical procedure) for which the treatment corresponding to the antibiogram was followed. At the last hospitalization, the patient has underwent a frontal bilateral drainage surgery (modified Lothrop procedure) and started an adequate anti-MRSA treatment.

The authors wondered whether multiple recurrences of frontal rhinosinusitis are determined by an incomplete drainage, by a persistent infection with MRSA or by both.

Abstract

Cervical and parotideal abscess is a rare finding in all populations and even more so in the paediatric population. The antibiotic resistance of the bacteria that cause these diseases can make it very dangerous. We present a paediatric case in which there is a combined left-cervical and parotideal abscess in a female 3-month-old baby who presented fever, pain and cervical swelling.

Abstract

We present a case of paediatric nasal foreign body removal using a flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscope, which is used both as an endoscope for visualization and as a hook for the rapid and complete removal of the nasal foreign body (“Visual Hook“).

Abstract

OBJECTIVES. Reviewing the literature data related to Lindsay – Hemenway syndrome.

MATERIAL AND METHODS. We searched PubMed and Google Scholar with the key words of “Lindsay-Hemenway syndrome”, “benign positional vertigo”, “vestibular rehabilitation”

RESULTS. Lindsay-Hemenway syndrome is characterized by an association between vestibular neuronitis and BPPV. The specificity of the syndrome consists in the existence of an initial episode of acute vestibular neuropathy manifested by intense vertigo and nystagmus, followed in a variable time frame by episodes of posterior canal BPPV. The treatment of the syndrome consists in a combination of otolith repositioning manoeuvres and vestibular rehabilitation therapy. The physicians involved in treating patients with vestibular disorders should be aware of the existence of this syndrome in order to diagnose and treat the patients accordingly.

CONCLUSION. The Lindsay-Hemenway syndrome is a challenge for the physician. In order to establish a diagnosis, a careful investigation of clinical history and objective examination are needed. The clinician should take into consideration the presence of a sudden vertigo without deafness followed by postural nystagmus, and unilateral labyrinthine hyporeflexia or absence of reflectivity. For a successful therapeutic approach, we should be able to combine manoeuvres of repositioning for BPPV with an appropriate vestibular rehabilitation therapy in order to ensure a correct central compensation of the peripheral unilateral deficit.

Abstract

BACKGROUND. In case of rhinosinusal malignant tumors, it is important to have a unified and simple terminology. The suprastructure refers to the ethmoid sinus, the sphenoid sinus, the frontal sinus and the olfactory area of the nose. The mesostructure includes the maxillary sinus, excepting the orbital wall, and the respiratory part of the nose.

MATERIAL AND METHODS. We will present two clinical cases admitted and surgically treated in our department. The first one is a left-side suprastructure mass in a 39-year-old male patient, with a particular evolution. The second one is a left-side midfacial and suprastructure tumor with 3 prior negative biopsies in a 57-year-old patient. In both cases, we performed an external surgical approach.

DISCUSSIONS. For an external approach in mesostructure malignant tumors, we propose a combined approach using lateral nasal rhinotomies, sub-labial rhinotomies and midfacial degloving. The external approach in malignant tumors of the supra-structure is centred on a classical incision for the frontal sinus or a hemicoronal or coronal approach. There are some clear advantages of the open approach to be considered.

CONCLUSION. The advantages of the external approach are represented by a direct visualization and control of the tumor during the ablative time; a better control for negative margins; a better control of haemostasis; a better chance for en-bloc resection versus piece-meal resection.

Abstract

Hemorrhagic Hereditary Telangiectasia (HHT) disease, also called Osler-Weber-Rendu (OWR) disease, is a rare and underdiag-nosed genetic disorder characterized by a multisystemic vascular dysplasia. Nosebleeds, acute or chronic digestive tract bleeding and various problems due to the involvement of major organs (liver, lungs, brain) characterize the disease.

Although it was described at the beginning of the 20th century, many patients, GPs and specialists still ignore the disease, its morbidities and the modalities of the treatment.

That is the reason why the authors have decided to publish this review on this familiar, evolving and potentially life-threatening disease, whose management can be sometimes a real nightmare for the clinician.

Abstract

The nasal swell body (NSB) is considered to be an enlarged region of the nasal septum, which is located superiorly to the inferior nasal turbinate and anteriorly to the middle nasal turbinate, with a potential effect upon the airflow nasal valve. The histological studies of the NSB demonstrated that it is a glandular formation, not a venous structure, and it is formed by septal cartilage and bone, as well as a thick mucosa. Recent studies emphasized the functional role of the nasal swell body and it is thought to interfere with the nasal airflow and air humidification, due to its proximity to the internal nasal valve and its histological characteristics (venous sinusoids and seromucinous glands). The nasal swell body is strongly related to the presence of rhinosinusal chronic inflammations (allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis) and the septal deviation. In case of the presence of the nasal swell body, surgical treatment is not commonly done, due to the absence of a consensus between the ENT practitioners. Most of them consider surgery as being too aggressive because of the presence of seromucinous glands, with slight impact upon the nasal obstruction. Most probably, the lack of consensus is determined by inconsistent anatomical and histological study results.