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Molecular characterization of ESBL gene in Citrobacter spp. and antibacterial activity of omega-3 against resistant isolates

.: Comparison of biochemical tests, Api system, Vitek 2 system and PCR of the enteropathogenic bacteria isolated from children with persistent diarrhea. And the occurrence of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance in the isolates. Master Thesis. Faculty of Science, University of Kufa 2014. 5. Al-Hissnawy, D.; AL-Thahab, A.A.; Al-Jubori,S.A.: Evaluation of Citrobacter freundii isolated in Najaf governorate as an enterotoxin producer. Medical J. Babylon. 9(1): 1-5, 2012. 6. Tuwaij, N.S.: Molecular Study of Quinolone Resistance in Klebsiella

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A Simple Dual Stain for Detailed Investigations of Plant-Fungal Pathogen Interactions

: accepted. Raffaele S., Win J., Cano L.M., Kamoun S. 2010. Analyses of genome architecture and gene expression reveal novel candidate virulence factors in the secretome of Phytophthora infestans . BMC Genomics 11: Article No.: 637. [DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-11-637] Savory E.A., Granke L.L., Quesada- Ocampo L.M., Varbanova M., Hausbeck M.K., Day B. 2010. The cucurbit downy mildew pathogen Pseudoperonospora cubensis . Molecular Plant Pathology 12: 217-226. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2010.00670.x] Savory E.A., Adhikari B

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Prevalence of Asymptomatic Carriers of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli (STEC) in Dairy Cattle Farms in the Governorate of Blida (Algeria)

(EPEC) isolated from pasteurised milk. Int J Food Microbiol 2006, 108, 15–21. 8. Chahed A., China B., Mainil J., Daube G.: Prevalence of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli from serotype O157 and other attaching and effacing Escherichia coli on bovine carcasses in Algeria. J Appl Microbiol 2006, 101, 361–368. 9. China B., Pirson V., Mainil J.: Typing of bovine attaching and effacing Escherichia coli by multiplex in vitro amplification of virulence–associated genes. Appl Environ Microbiol 1996, 62, 3462–3465. 10. Farrokh C., Jordan K., Auvray F., Glass K

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Molecular typing of bacteria for epidemiological surveillance and outbreak investigation / Molekulare Typisierung von Bakterien für die epidemiologische Überwachung und Ausbruchsabklärung

spezifischen Primern. S, Isolat aus Untersuchungsmaterial, R, Referenzstamm, M, 100 Basenpaar Molekulargewichtsmarker. 3.1.1 Toxin, virulence, and antibiotic resistance gene profiles typing For particular pathogens ( Vibrio cholerae, E. coli, S. aureus ), identification or typing might be insufficient and toxin and virulence gene data are required to assess their hazardous nature ( Table 1 ) ( Monaghan et al., 2011 ; Schmid et al., 2013 ). Table 1 Detection of diverse toxin and virulence genes by PCR. VPI, vibrio pathogenic island; (+) target is present

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Siderophore: Structural And Functional Characterisation – A Comprehensive Review

.R. – MOSELEY, S.L. – ROBERTS, P.L. – STAMM, W.E. 1988. Aerobactin and other virulence factor genes among strains of Escherichia coli causing urosepsis: association with patient characteristics. In Infection and Immunity , vol. 56 , no. 2, pp. 405–412. JOSHI, H. – DAVE, R. – VENUGOPALAN, V.P. 2014. Pumping iron to keep fit: modulation of siderophore secretion helps efficient aromatic utilization in Pseudomonas putida KT2440. In Microbiology , vol. 160 , pp. 1393–400. DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.079277-0. KADI, N. – ARBACHE, S. – SONG, L. – OVES-COSTALES, D. – CHALLIS

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Research progress on the role of immune cells in Brucella infection

.1016/j.molimm.2015.01.009 Golshani M. Rafati S. Dashti A. Gholami E. Siadat S.D. Oloomi M. Vaccination with recombinant L7/L12-truncated Omp31 protein induces protection against Brucella infection in BALB/c mice Mol. Immunol. 2015 65 2 287 292 [2] Tian M., Qu J., Bao Y., Gao J., Liu J., Wang S., et al., Construction of pTM series plasmids for gene expression in Brucella species, J. Microbiol. Methods, 2016, 123, 18-23. Tian M. Qu J. Bao Y. Gao J. Liu J. Wang S. Construction of pTM series plasmids for gene expression in Brucella species J. Microbiol. Methods

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Inhibition of Streptococcus pneumoniae adenylate kinase by some 5-arylidene-thiazolidin-4-on-2-thione derivates

References 1. Oakhill JS, Scott JW, Kemp BE. AMPK functions as an adenylate charge-regulated protein kinase. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2012; 23(3):125-32 2. Daily MD, Phillips GN Jr, Cui Q. Interconversion of functional motions between mesophilic and thermophilic adenylate kinases. PLoS Comput Biol. 2011; 7(7):e1002103. Epub 2011 Jul 14 3. Lehmann-Munier H, Chenal-Francisque V, Ionescu M, Christova P, Foulon J, Carniel E, et al. Relationship between bacterial virulence and nucleotide metabolism: a

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Co-expression of human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum orotate phosphoribosyltransferase and orotidine 5’-monophosphate decarboxylase as enzyme complex in Escherichia coli: a novel strategy for drug development

pathology in malaria infections? Immunol Today. 1999; 20:228-33. 5. Dondorp AM, Nosten F, Yi P, Das D, Phyo AP, Tarning J, et al. Artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria. N Engl J Med. 2009; 361:455-67. 6. Htut ZW. Artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria. N Engl J Med. 2009; 361:1807-8. 7. Stein WD, Sanchez CP, Lanzer M. Virulence and drug resistance in malaria parasites. Trends Parasitol. 2009; 25:441-3. 8. Krungkrai J, Krungkrai S. Malaria parasite: Genomics, biochemistry and

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Oxidative stress and antioxidant defence markers in muscle tissue of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after vaccination against Yersinia ruckeri

.A.: Molecular virulence mechanisms of the fish pathogen Yersinia ruckeri. Vet Microbiol 2007, 125, 1-10. 9. Forman H.J., Maiorino M., Ursini F.: Signaling functions of reactive oxygen species. Biochemistry 2010, 49, 835-842. 10. Galaktionova L.P., Molchanov A.V., El’chaninova S.A., Varshavskiĭ B.: Lipid peroxidation in patients with gastric and duodenal ulcers. Klin Labarat Diagn 1998, 6, 10-14. 11. García J.J., Reiter R.J., Guerrero J.M., Escames G., Yu B.P., Oh C.S., Muñoz-Hoyos A.: Melatonin prevents changes in microsomal

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Multidrug Resistance Among Enterococci at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Northern Bulgaria

References 1. Leclercq R. Enterococci acquire new kinds of resistance. Clin Infect Dis. I997;24(l):580-1. 2. Murray BE. The life and times of the Enterococcus. Gin Microbiol Rev. 1990;3:46-65. 3. Werner G, GoqucTM, Hammerum AM, Hope R, Hrynicwicz W, Johnson A, ct al Emergence and spread of vancomycin resistance among enterococci in Europe. Euro Survcill. 2008; 3 (47)pii 19046. 4. Willems RJ, Bonten MJ. Glyoopcptidc-resistant enterococci: deciphering virulence, resistance and cpidcmicity. Cutt

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