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Thanist Pravitharangul, Wirakorn Koopinpaitoon, Rungruedee Kraisen and Rojnarin Komonhirun

methods The study was approved by Committee on Human Rights Related to Research Involving Human Subjects, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University and protocol of this study was registered in Thai Clinical Trials Registry and coded as TCTR20141212002. We recruited 30 patients in Ramathibodi Hospital aged 18-70 years old with an American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I–III who were scheduled to undergo plastic or breast surgery with expected duration of surgery longer than 120 min. Signed written informed consent was obtained from all

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Rattanaporn Burimsittichai, Phoonsak Limraksasin, Cameron Paul Hurst and Somrat Charuluxananan

, Bangkok, Thailand (certificate of approval No. 231/2014, IRB No. 078/ 57). All patients gave written, informed consent to participate. Each was well informed about the protocol, the characteristics of CRBD and how to use a 100 mm visual analog scale (VAS) during the preoperative visit. The study was registered with the Thai Clinical Trial Registry (TCTR20140220001) since February 2014 before enrollment began. We recruited 210 consecutive adults aged 18-70 years and with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II who underwent elective laparoscopic

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Jarujan Subchartanan, Siriporn Patharathitikul and Weerasak Chonchaiya

provided written informed consent for their child to participate in the study and those children who were capable provided documented assent for their participation. Statistical analysis Continuous and categorical variables between children with epilepsy and healthy controls were compared by using a paired t test and chi-square test respectively. To analyze the association between epilepsy and ADHD, the data are presented as odds ratios and 95% confidence interval in both unadjusted and adjusted analyses, where the adjustment included all variables listed in

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Onuma Chaiwat, Worawan Suwannasri, Jedsadayoot Sak-aroonchai, Sawita Kanavitoon, Annop Piriyapathsom, Chainida Sirisatjawat and Nusara Kulana

sputum culture with >3+ of growth of one type of pathogenic organism (if not quantitative, then it must have moderate or heavy growth). Data analysis The incidence of ALI/ARDS is reported in percentages. Continuous data are presented as median with interquartile range (IQR) or mean (± SD). Categorical data are presented as numbers and percentages. Nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test or unpaired t test for continuous data and Fisher’s exact test for numbers of events were used for comparisons between patients with and without ALI. SPSS for Windows, version 15

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Wipusit Taesombat, Boonchoo Sirichindakul, Bunthoon Nonthasoot, Jade Suphapol, Methee Sutherasan and Supanit Nivatvongs

2005 and May 2013 at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Only data from patients who had a pathologically confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma-tumor thrombus in a major portal vein or hepatic vein were eligible for inclusion in the study. Baseline history and physical examination were noted. Preoperative laboratory testing included complete blood count, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, liver function test, prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and liver imaging (triple phase computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging

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Thinley Dorji, Pempa Lhamo, Tshering Tshering, Lungten Zangmo, Kencho Choden, Deki Choden and Kesang Namgyal

Bhutan is facing a steady increase in the burden of diabetes and noncommunicable diseases [ 1 ]. The burden of diabetes has increased rapidly from 47 per 10,000 population in 2010 to 158 per 10,000 population in 2016 [ 1 , 2 ]. This is against a background of 87.3% of the urban population being exposed to at least 1 risk factor for noncommunicable diseases such as smoking, physical inactivity, inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables, excess body weight, and concomitant hypertension [ 3 ]. The care for diabetes including insulin is provided free of

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Mohammed M. Alhaji, Sharbawi Roslin, Adrian Kay and Nik A.A. Tuah

only applicable for 12 days, as in 2010 before the new Maternity Leave Regulation 2011, it is termed ½active PML. Inactive PML is when the leave is exhausted and the mother has resumed working. Statistical analyses EBF prevalence is described using frequency (%) and sum. A χ 2 test of independence was used to assess the level of difference between comparable groups. Logistic regression was used to determine the odds ratios of the covariates for the likelihood of practicing EBF at 6 months of infant age. The Hosmer-and-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test was used to

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Panita Limpawattana, Thapanawong Mitsungnern, Pariwat Phungoen, Natthida Tansangworn and Wannisa Laosuangkoon

have more physical and supervisory support [ 28 ]. However, falls should not be neglected, because there is evidence that falls often do not merely represent general frailty, but also underlying pathology that needs to be diagnosed and treated [ 3 , 7 ]. Fall screening of these patients should be conducted even if they do not report the falls. Prominent factors associated with atypical presentations of infectious diseases are complicated UTI, cancer, dementia, and pulse rate >90 beats/min. In regard to complicated UTI, generalized nonspecific symptoms predominated

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Pharrunrat Tanaviyutpakdee, Krongtong Yoovathaworn, Jintana Sirivarasai, Suwannee Chanprasertyothin, Pachara Panpunuan, Krittaya Petchpoung, Aninthita Tatsaneeyapant, Thunyachai Sura, Sming Kaojarern and Piyamit Sritara

(EGAT) after written informed consent to participate in the study was obtained from each participant. Participants lived and worked in Bangkok, and had the possibility of unintended exposed to various kinds and doses of environmental chemicals. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire, underwent a physical examination, and provided a fasting blood sample. We collected 20 mL of blood from each participant by venipuncture into ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) -containing and heparinized tubes that were immediately centrifuged at 2000 g . Buffy coat

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Somsook Santibenchakul and Unnop Jaisamrarn

contraceptives as per the World Health Organization (WHO)’s criteria for contraceptive use [ 13 ]. Then, they performed a standard physical examination. Subsequently, a structural and comprehensive counseling session regarding this method was conducted. Information about the efficacy, safety, side effects, and how to deal with them were provided. The clients were also taught how to insert and remove the ring using the three standard positions: squatting, standing with one leg, or in a supine position. Scheduled visits were made at the end of the second, fourth, and sixth