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Recep Kara and Sinan Ince

REFERENCES 1. Aktar W., Sengupta D., Chowdhury A., Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Interdisc. Toxicol., 2009, 2, 1–12. 2. Alder, L., Greulich K., Kempe G., Vieth B., Residue analysis of 500 high priority pesticides: better by GC–MS or LC–MS/MS. Mass Spectrom. Rev., 2006, 25, 838–865. 3. Barlowska J., Litwinczuk Z., Krol J., Kedzierska-Matysek M., Fatty acid profile and minerals content in milk from cows of various breeds over spring-summer feeding period. Pol. J. Food Nutr. Sci., 2006, 15/56, 13–16. 4

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A. Guhlmann, J. Hollweg and F. Seehofer

References 1. Union Carbide Corporation: Temik® aldicarb pesticide; Union Carbide Corporation, Salinas, California, 1975. 2. Verordnung iiber HOchstmengen an Pflanzenschutzund sonstigen Mitteln sowie anderen Schadlingsbekimpfungsmitteln in oder auf Lebensmitteln und Tabakerzeugnissen (Pflanzenschutzmittel-HOchstmengenverordnung - PHmV) vom 24. Juni 1982; Bundesgesetzblatt, Jahrgang 1982, Teil I, S. 745-783. 3. McDermott, W. H.: Infrared spectrophotometric analysis of aldicarb formulations; J. Assoc. Off. Anal

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Fatemeh Jafarbeigi, Mohammad Amin Samih, Mehdi Zarabi and Saeideh Esmaeily

-3223. Stark J.D., Wennegren U. 1995. Can population effects of pesti­cides be predicted from demographic toxicological stud­ies. J. Econ. Entomol. 88 (5): 1089-1096. Stark J.D., Banks J.E. 2003. Population-level effects of pesticides and other toxicants on arthropods. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 48 (1): 505-519. Stark J.D., Banks J.E., Acheampong S. 2004. Estimating suscepti­bility of biological control agents to pesticides: influence of life history strategies and population structure. Bio. Con­trol 29 (3): 392-398. Taghizadeh

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P.K. Chandini, K.K Jaysooryan, Rinoy Varghese, K. Sreedharan and K. P. Smitha

References Ajayi, O.C., Camara, M., Fleischer, G., Haidara, F., Sow, M., Traore, A., Van Der Valk, H. (2002). Socio-economic assessment of pesticide use in Mali. Pesticide Policy Project [Special Issue]. Publication series no. 6. Germany: University of Hanover. Andreu, V., Pico, Y. (2004). Determination of pesticides and their degradation products in soil: critical review and comparison of methods. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 23, 10-11. Antle, J.M., Pingali, P.L. (1995). Pesticides, productivity, and farmer

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Interdisciplinary Toxicology

The Journal of Institute of Experimental Pharmacology of Slovak Academy of Sciences

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Maria Pobożniak, Dominika Grabowska and Marta Olczyk

Abstract

The aim of the present research work was to investigate the effect of orange and cinnamon oil on the occurrence and harmfulness of Thrips tabaci Lind on onion. In 2014, the nonchemical treatment was made with Prev-B2 (the concentration of 0.4%), which contains: 4.2% of orange oil, 2.1% of boron and product Canol 70% p/p exstract of Cinnamomum zeylanicum. In 2015, only Prev-B2 product was used. The standard sprayer was used and the treatments were done: twice in 2014 and three times in 2015. The thrips were collected directly from the leaves, using standard sweeping nets. The plants were examined to find the leave damages caused by feeding thrips. In 2014, Thrips tabaci was recorded from 11 June to 19 August, whereas in 2015 from 24 June to 4 August. Over two years of observations, the highest number of thrips was collected from onion growing on control plots (not treated with any preparation). Also, the mean percentage of areas damaged on the onion leaves was significantly higher on control plots than on plots treated with cinnamon oil in 2014 and orange oil in 2015.

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Zeinab Hosseinnia, Reza Tarkhani, Fatemeh Darabitabar, Mohmmod Poorhoseni and Aliakbar Hedayati

– Persistent organic pollutants in continental aquatic ecosystems, in Curtean-Bănăduc A. (ed.), The Impact of persistent organic pollutants on freshwater ecosystems and human health, 95-108, Edit. “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, ISBN 978-606-12-1412-9, 154. 4. Boonyuan W., Kongmee M., Bangs M., Prabaripai A. and Chareonviriyaphap T., 2011 − Host feeding responses of Aedes aegypti (L.) exposed to deltamethrin, Journal of Vector Ecology , 36, 2, 361-372. 5. Capel P. D., Larson S. J. and Winterstein T. A., 2001 − The behavior of thirty-nine pesticides in

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Roya Khosravi and Jalal Jalali Sendi

S., Kawabe Y., Mizoguchi A. 2000. Carbohydrate metabolism during starvation in the silkworm Bomby x mo ri L. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. 44 (2): 90-98. Schmutterer H. 1990. Properties and potential of natural pesticides from the neem tree, Azadi rachta indica . Annu. Rev. Entomol. 35: 271-297. Schoonhoven L.M., van Loon J.J.A., Dicke M. 2005. Insect-Plant Biology. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, 409 pp. Senthil-Nathan S., Kalaivani K. 2005. Efficiency of nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) and azadirachtin on

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Maciej Balawejder, Radosław Józefczyk, Piotr Antos and Marcin Pieniążek

References Ahrens, R. & Weber, C. (2009). DDT and the Stockholm Convention States on the edge of non-compliance, PAN Germany, pp. 10. Ahrens R. Weber C. 2009 DDT and the Stockholm Convention States on the edge of non-compliance PAN Germany 10 Balawejder, M. (2012). The process of pesticides degradation in soil and other materials and apparatus for carrying out the method. Patent applications P.401853. (in Polish) Balawejder M. 2012 The process of pesticides degradation in soil and other materials and apparatus for