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Effect of Pasteurella multocida Soluble Antigen Stimulation on the In Vitro Response of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Holstein Calves

infection of neonatal foals with Rhodococcus equi triggers adult-like gamma interferon induction. Clin Vac Immunol 2007, 14:669-677. 11. Maeda Y, Ohtsuka H, Tomioka M, Oikawa M. Effect of progesterone on Th1/Th2/Th17 and regulatory T cell-related genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells during pregnancy in cows. Vet Res Commun 2013, 37:43-49. 12. Keski-Nisula L, Hirvonen MR, Roponen M, Heinonen S, Pekkanen J. Maternal and neonatal IL-4 and IFN-gamma production at delivery and 3 months after birth. J Reprod Immunol 2003,60:25-33. 13. Baker SJ, Ran G

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Profiles of Circulating miRNAs Following Metformin Treatment in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

beginning. Cancer Discov 2012; 2: 778–90. 16. Foretz M, Guigas B, Bertrand L, Pollak M, Viollet B. Metformin: from mechanisms of action to therapies. Cell Metab 2014; 20: 953–66. 17. Yu JW et al. Metformin improves the angiogenic functions of endothelial progenitor cells via activating AMPK/eNOS pathway in diabetic mice. Cardiovasc Diabetol 2016; 15: 88. 18. Bartel DP. MicroRNAs: target recognition and regulatory functions. Cell 2009; 136: 215–33. 19. Pillai RS, Bhattacharyya SN et al. Repression of protein synthesis by miRNAs: how many mechanisms

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Hypoxic regulation of the expression of genes encoded estrogen related proteins in U87 glioma cells: eff ect of IRE1 inhibition

References Acosta-Alvear D, Zhou Y, Blais A, Tsikitis M, Lents NH, Arias C, Lennon CJ, Kluger Y, Dynlacht BD. XBP1 controls diverse cell type- and condition-specifi c transcriptional regulatory networks. Mol Cell 27, 53-66, 2007. Aragon T, van Anken E, Pincus D, Serafi mova IM, Korennykh AV, Rubio CA, Walter P. Messenger RNA targeting to endoplasmic reticulum stress signalling sites. Nature 457, 736-740, 2009. Auf G, Jabouille A, Guerit S, Pineau R, Delugin M, Bouchecareilh M, Favereaux A, Maitre M, Gaiser T

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Higher Viral Load and Prolonged Viral Shedding Period is Associated with Impaired Th17 Cell Response in Patients with H1N1 Influenza A

al. Reciprocal developmental pathways for the generation of pathogenic effector Th17 and regulatory T cells. Nature 2006;441:235-238 21. Veldhoen M, Hocking RJ, Atkins CJ, Locksley RM, Stochinger B. TGFβ in the context of an inflammatory cytokine milieu supports de novo differentiation of IL-17-producing T cells. Immunity 2006;24:179-189. 22. Sutton C, Brereton C, Keogh B, Mills KH, Lavelle EC. A crucial role for interleukin (IL)-1 in the induction of IL-17-producing T cells that mediate autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J Exp Med 2006

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Metformin enhanced in vitro radiosensitivity associates with G2/M cell cycle arrest and elevated adenosine-5’-monophosphate-activated protein kinase levels in glioblastoma

ATP production, induction of cell cycle arrest, autophagy, and apoptotic processes through activation of adenosine-5’-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) 5 and inhibition of the mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway in glioblastoma cells. 6 , 7 AMPK is a serine/threonine kinase that functions as a cellular energy sensor. AMPK is an obligate heterotrimer, consisting of one catalytic subunit (α) and two regulatory subunits (β and γ). 8 Under cellular stress conditions, AMPK is activated by increased AMP-to-ATP ratios to promote catabolism and

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Pathogenesis of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Brief Overview

. Reijonen H, Daniels TL, Lernmark A, Nepom GT. GAD65-specific autoantibodies enhance the presentation of an immunodominant T-cell epitope from GAD65. Diabetes 49: 1621-1626, 2000. Ludewig B, Odermatt B, Landmann S, Hengartner H, Zinkernagel RM. Dendritic cells induce autoimmune diabetes and maintain disease via de novo formation of local lymphoid tissue. J Exp Med 188: 1493-1501, 1998. Kukreja A, Cost G, Marker J, Zhang C, Sun Z, Lin-Su K, Ten S, Sanz M, Exley M, Wilson B, Porcelli S, Maclaren N. Multiple immuno-regulatory

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Expression of CD3, CD4, CD8, CD21, and MHC II lymphocyte antigens and serum IL-10 concentration in dogs with atopic dermatitis complicated by purulent dermatitis

., Turano A., Caruso A.: CD11b expression identifies CD8+CD28+ Y lymphocytes with phenotype and function of both naive/memory and effector cells. J Immunol 2001, 166 , 900-907. 9. Keppel K.E., Campbell K.L., Zuckermann F.A., Greeley E.A., Schaeffer D.J., Husmann R.J.: Quantitation of canine regulatory T cell populations, serum interleukin-10 and allergen-specific IgE concentrations in healthy control dogs and canine atopic dermatitis patients receiving allergen- specific immunotherapy. Vet Immunol Immunother 2008, 123 , 337-344. 10

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Comparison of methods for deriving neural progenitor cells from nonhuman primate embryonic stem cells

essential regulatory role in maintaining an undifferentiated state, proliferation, and suppresses astrocyte differentiation [ 16 , 47 ]. TLX expression knockout dramatically reduced the neural stem cell population, but increased GFAP staining and extended GFAP processes in the subventricular zone [ 3 ]. This finding suggested that NPCs derived by feeder-free methods may have a higher tendency toward an astrocytic lineage with lower expression of TLX and high expression of GFAP Both methods of NPC derivation can produce NPCs with similar characteristics including the

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Brief communication (Original). Trefoil factor expression by immunohistochemistry in patients with oral lichen planus

- Gomez G, Gil-Montoya JA, Bascones-Martinez A. Significance of liquefaction degeneration in oral lichen planus: a study of its relationship with apoptosis and cell cycle arrest markers. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2007; 32:556-63. 21. Hirota M, Ito T, Okudela K, Kawabe R, Yazawa T, Hayashi H, et al. Cell proliferation activity and expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins in oral lichen planus. J Oral Pathol Med. 2002; 31:204-12. 22. van der Meij EH, van der Waal I. Lack of clinicopathologic correlation in the diagnosis of oral lichen planus

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Polymorphisms in the bovine tumour necrosis factor receptor type two gene (TNF-RII) and cell subpopulations naturally infected with bovine leukaemia virus

dual roles depending on the cell cycle. Int J Biol Sci 2010, 6, 116–128. 24. Sankar V.H., Girisha K.M., Gilmour A., Singh V.P., Sinha N., Tewari S., Ramesh V., Mastana S., Agrawal S.: TNFR2 gene polymorphism in coronary artery disease. Indian J Med Sci 2005, 59, 104–108. 25. Sonay T.B., Koletou M., Wagner A.: A survey of tandem repeat instabilities and associated gene expression changes in 35 colorectal cancers. BMC Genomics 2015, 16, 702. 26. Stachura A., Kaczmarczyk E., Bojarojć-Nosowicz B.: Sequence analysis of the regulatory region of the TNF

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