REFERENCES B asalykas A. (ed.), 1958: Lietuvos TSR fizinė geografija. I. – Vilnius. B oč M.S, M azing M.M., 1979: Ekosistemy bolot SSSR. – Leningrad. B riškaitė R., K ostkevičienė J. N aujalis J., 2008: Desmids (Chlorophyta, Zygnematophyceae) from Girutiškis mire complex reserve (East Lithuania). – Biologia (Bratislava), 63(6): 903–910. Č erniauskaitė V., 2008: Aukštumalės aukštapelkės kiminų dangos prieaugio dinamika, esant nevienodam hidrologiniam režimui (bakalaurinis darbas, vadovas S. Juzėnas). – Vilniaus universitetas. C
This article presents an analysis of the reasons and the specificities of the development of translation theory in one of the three post-Soviet Baltic countries, Lithuania, since the first half of the 20th century until 1990. The analysis considers the historical and political circumstances characterising the period of Lithuania’s Independence (1918-1940) as well as the Soviet period (1940-1941 and 1944-1990). The discussion of the development of translation theory in Lithuania helps to reveal general features relevant to the context of translation studies in Latvia and Estonia as well, because the historical and political experiences of these Baltic countries have been similar to those of Lithuania.
When we compare the contemporary ethnic structure and national policy of Poland and its eastern neighbours, we can see clear asymmetry in both quantitative and legal-institutional aspects. There is currently a markedly smaller population of Ukrainians, Belarusians and Lithuanians living in Poland than the Polish population in the territories of our eastern neighbours. At the same time, the national minorities in Poland enjoy wider rights and better conditions to operate than Poles living in Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania.
Additional complicating factor in bilateral relations between national minority and the home state is different political status of Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine and different processes of transformation the consequence of which is differentiated state of political relations of Poland with its eastern neighbours. Lithuania, like Poland, is a member of EU, Ukraine, outside the structures of European integration, pursued a variable foreign policy, depending on the ruling options and the economic situation, and Belarus, because of internal policy which is unacceptable in the EU countries, is located on the political periphery of Europe.
The paper is mainly devoted to the bankruptcy prediction models and their ability to assess a bankruptcy probability for Lithuanian companies. The study showed that the most common type of companies in Lithuania is a private limited company, therefore, the main objective was to analyse such companies’ financial information and by using these results, create a new bankruptcy prediction model, which would allow to predict the bankruptcy probability as accurately as possible. 145 companies (73 already bankrupt and 72 still operating) were chosen as a primary sample and by using multivariate discriminant analysis stepwise method a linear function ZGS has been created. To achieve that, 156 different financial ratios were selected as a primary input data by using correlation calculation between bankruptcy and still operating companies and Mann - Whitney U test techniques. The results showed that 89% of companies were classified correctly, which states that the model is strong enough to predict bankruptcy probability for private limited companies operating in Lithuania in a sufficient accuracy.
Irena Kriščiukaitienė, Tomas Baležentis, Aistė Galnaitytė and Virginia Namiotko
This paper presents a methodology for flood risk mapping as envisaged by the Directive on the Assessment and Management of Flood Risks [Directive 2007/60/EC]. Specifically, we aimed at identifying the types of flood damage that can be estimated given data availability in Lithuania. Furthermore, we present the main sources of data and the associated cost functions. The methodology covers the following main types of flood threats: risk to inhabitants, risk to economic activity, and social risk. A multi-criteria framework for aggregation of different risks is proposed to provide a comprehensive appraisal of flood risk. On the basis of the proposed research, flood risk maps have been prepared for Lithuania. These maps are available for each type of flood risk (i.e. inhabitants, economic losses, social risk) as well as for aggregate risk. The results indicate that flood risk management is crucial for western and central Lithuania, whereas other parts of the country are not likely to suffer from significant losses due to flooding.
Joanna Górska-Szymczak and Grzegorz Górski
, Paris 1952. Fiszma S., The Polish Renaissance and its European Context, Indiana 1988. Gierowski J.A., The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the XVIII th Century. From Anarchy to Well – organized State , Kraków 1996, Grodecki R., Działalność gospodarcza Kazimierza Wielkiego , [in:] Polska Piastowska [ Economic Activity of Casimir the Great, [in:] Piast’s Poland ], Grodecki R., Dzieje wewnętrzne Polski w XIII wieku, [in:] Polska Piastowska [ Poland in 13 th Century [in:] Piast’s Poland ], Warszawa 1969. Grodziski S., Salmonowicz
Bibliography Andronoviene L (2007) As Songs Turn into Life and Life into Songs: On the First-Order Theology of Baptist Hymnody. In Jones KG and Parushev PR (eds) Currents in Baptistic Theology of Worship. Prague: International Baptist Theological Seminary, pp. 129-141. Atleisk! [Forgive!] (1932) Tiesos Draugas 9(8-9): 6. Balkelis T (2009) The Making of Modern Lithuania . London and New York: Routledge. Blaivioji Lietuva [Sober Lithuania] (1937) Jaunystei žydint 3-4(*): 25. Coleman HJ (2007) Baptist Beginnings in Russia and
Donatas Valiukas, Audronė Galvonaitė and Algimantas Česnulevičius
References Climate Atlas of Lithuania. (2013). Vilnius: Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service. Galvonaitė, A., Misiūnienė, M., Valiukas D. and Buitkuvienė, M.S. (2007). Climate of Lithuania. Vilnuius: ARX Baltica. Climate Guide. Natural events (2000). Vilnius Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service. Galvonaitė, A. and Valiukas, D. (2005). Lietuvos klimato kaita (1991–2003) [Lithuanian climate change]. Vilnius, 80 p. (in Lithuanian). WMO. (2008). Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation (WMO-No. 100). World
D. Zienius, R. Lelešius, H. Kavaliauskis, A. Stankevičius and A. Šalomskas
and taxonomy of Parvoviridae. Intervirology 23: 61-73. Spibey N, Greenwood NM, Sutton D, Chalmers WS, Tarpey I (2008) Canine parvovirus type 2 vaccine protects against virulent challenge with type 2c virus. Vet Microbiol 128: 48-55. Stankevicius A, Salomskas A (1998) Epizootic pecularities of parvovirus infection in Lithuanian dog population. Vet zootech-lith 5: 89-94. Sutton D, Vinberg C, Gustafsson A, Pearce J, Greenwood N (2013) Canine parvovirus type 2c identified from an outbreak of severe gastroenteritis in a