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Physiological and Psychological Adaptations of Trained Cyclists to Spring Cycling Camps

; BPM: beats per minute; B[La]: blood lactate; V̇O2max: maximal oxygen uptake; kg: kilograms. LT (W) 252 ± 28 269 ± 23 179 ± 34 188 ± 29 221 ± 48 234 ± 48 Significant at p < 0.05 maxHR (BPM) 191 ± 13 195 ± 9 190 ± 12 190 ± 12 191 ± 12 193 ± 10 O 2max (L/min) 4.60 ± 0.22 4.71 ± 0.29 3.15 ± 0.43 3.27 ± 0.46 3.98 ± 0.81 4.10 ± 0.82 O 2max (mlO 2 /min/kg) 65.5 ± 6.7 66.8 ± 5.1 53.2 ± 4.5 55.0 ± 4.7 60.2 ± 8.5 61.8 ± 7.7 LT-W/kg 3.57 ± 0.46 3.80 ± 0.31 3.00 ± 0.41 3.16 ± 0.43 3.33 ± 0

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Leukocyte Populations are Associated with Heart Rate Variability After a Triathlon

1 week before competition At the end of competition 2 h after competition 48 h after competition After one week active recovery Leukocytes (k/µL) 12 6.30 ± 1.21 10.62 ± 5.05 12.44 ± 1.90 6.41 ± 1.39 6.26 ± 1.34 Neutrophils (k/µL) 12 3.17 ± 0.85 8.37 ± 4.35 10.04 ± 1.55 3.16 ± 0.93 2.90 ± 0.82 lymphocytes (k/µL) 12 2.21 ± 0.41 1.49 ± 0.96 1.49 ± 0.43 2.38 ± 0.68 2.35 ± 0.74 Monocytes (k/µL) 12 0.64 ± 0.16 0.64 ± 0.32 0.84 ± 0.20 0.57 ± 0.17 0.68 ± 0.18 Eosinophils (k/µL) 12

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Home Advantage in Judo: Analysis by the Combat Phase, Penalties and the Type of Attack

team sports in Spain 1. Percep Mot Skills, 2011; 113: 150-156 10.2466/05.PMS.113.4.150-156 Gómez MA Pollard R Luis-Pascual J-C. Comparison of the home advantage in nine different professional team sports in Spain 1 Percep Mot Skills 2011 113 150 156 IJF. International Judo Federation Calendar 2015. 2015. Available at: http://www.intjudo.eu/News/cikk3268 ; accessed on 01.06.2016 IJF International Judo Federation Calendar 2015 2015 http://www.intjudo.eu/News/cikk3268 accessed on 01.06.2016 IJF. Internartional Judo Federation World Ranking

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The Influence of High-Altitude Acclimatization on Ventilatory and Blood Oxygen Saturation Responses During Normoxic and Hypoxic Testing

(W) V E VT (l/min) HRVT (min-1) PRE-NOR 151 ± 19 1.5 ± 0.4 125 ±14 162 ± 35 54 ± 10 129 ± 17 POST-NOR 155 ± 18 1.3 ± 0.4 122 ± 12 145 ± 23 53 ± 6 122 ± 12 PRE-HYP 117 ± 14 Statistically significant when PRE-NOR vs. PRE-HYP and POST-NOR vs. POST-HYP values were compared ( p <0.05) 1.6 ± 0.5 117 ± 11 125 +20 Statistically significant when PRE-NOR vs. PRE-HYP and POST-NOR vs. POST-HYP values were compared ( p <0.05) 60 ± 12 118 ± 15 POST-HYP 137 ± 31 1.5 ± 0.6 125 ± 18 135 ± 29 60 ± 9 125 ± 16

Exergames Experience in Physical Education: A Review

References Ahn, M., Kwon, S., Park, B., Cho, K., Choe, S.P., Hwang, I., Jang, H., Park, J., Rhee, Y., & Song, J. (2009). Running or gaming. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology, October 29-31, 2009 (pp. 345-348). Athens, Greece. DOI: 10.1145/1690388.1690455 Ballard, M., Gray, M., Reilly, J., & Noggle, M. (2009). Correlates of video game screen time among males: Body mass, physical activity, and other media use. Eating Behaviors, 10, 161-167. DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2009.05

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Biomechanical Comparisons of One-Legged and Two-Legged Running Vertical Jumps

(standard deviation). BH = body height; BM = body mass. 0.18 (0.06) 0.12 (0.03) 0.015 b 180.60 (38.40) 103.43 (23.89) r 2 0.33 (0.18) 0.46 (0.28) Knee a [(N m )/(BM BH rad)] significant difference found (p < 0.05). Least-square linear regression line of the joint moment-angle curve [y= ax+ b (a= slope, ie. mean joint stiffness, b = intercept)]; r 2 = coefficient of determination. Data are presented as mean (standard deviation). BH = body height; BM = body mass. 0.43 (0.10) 0.20 (0.02) <0.001 b 300.93 (86.00) 0.91 (0.05

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The Dutch Technical-Tactical Tennis Test (D4T) for Talent Identification and Development: Psychometric Characteristics

differences in position on the youth ranking list would be manifested in the test performance, supporting its validity. Moreover, it was analyzed whether anticipation and decisionmaking influenced the execution of groundstrokes differently in players with different positions on the ranking list. Finally, it was evaluated whether the test could be applicable for instructors and coaches. Material and Methods Participants Thirty-two youth male players (age 13.4 ± 0.5; body height 167.7 ± 10.6 cm; body mass 52.3 ± 10.9 kg) were recruited via tennis organizations

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The Incidence and Occurrence of Injuries to Junior Rugby League Players in a Tropical Environment

.8̊ ± 3.7̊C) was significantly higher ( p < 0.05) than the HI for the late afternoon games in Cairns (26.3̊C ± 4.2̊C). Also, the HI for the day games in Cairns was significantly greater ( p < 0.05) compared to the HI recorded on the day games for Brisbane (25.6̊C ± 4.2̊C) and Sydney (21.7̊C ± 2.4̊C) during the same time over the playing season. Discussion The present study is the first to objectively report the relationship between the incidence of rugby league injuries and ground conditions with all other investigations either using subjective measures to

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The Relationship Between the Lower-Body Muscular Profile and Swimming Start Performance

(2002) (0–0.09 trivial; 0.1–0.29 small; 0.3–0.49 moderate; 0.5–0.69 large; 0.7–0.89 very large; 0.9–0.99 nearly perfect; 1 perfect) were provided for all significant correlations. Significance was set at an alpha level of p < 0.05. All statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 20.0 (SPSS, Chicago, Illinois). Results The average swim start times were 1.77 ± 0.12 s, 4.83 ± 0.23 s and 8.10 ± 0.37 s at 5 (T5), 10 (T10) and 15 (T15) m, respectively. Large correlations between the SJ’s and CMJ’s take-off velocity (TOV) and T5 were found, while

Training‐Induced Variations in Haematological and Biochemical Variables in Adolescent Athletes of Arab Origin Throughout an Entire Athletic Season

.0 ± 9.9 41.6 ± 10.2 40.4 ± 10.2 Significantly different from phase T 1 0.19 p < .05 Group A 9.1 ± 2.0 8.4 ± 1.8 8.6 ± 1.9 Significantly different from phase T 1 9.6 ± 2.6 Significantly different from phase T 1 0.21 Monocytes Group B 9.2 ± 2.0 9.6 ± 1.8 9.7 ± 2.6 10.4 ± 2.8 Significantly different from phase T 1 0.49 [%] Group C 10.4 ± 3.0 9.6 ± 2.2 9.4 ± 2.0 10.3 ± 2.8 0.03 Total 9.6 ± 2.4 9.2 ± 2.0 9.2 ± 2.2 10.1 ± 2.7 significantly different from phaseT 2 significantly

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