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Fitness Profiles of Elite Portuguese Rugby Union Players

References Adendorff L, Pienaar AE, Malan DDJ, Hare E. Physical and motor abilities, rugby skills and anthropometric characteristics: A follow-up investigation of successful and less successful rugby players. J Hum Movement Stud, 2004; 46(6): 441-457 Alemdaroglu U. The Relationship Between Muscle Strength, Anaerobic Performance, Agility, Sprint Ability and Vertical Jump Performance in Professional Basketball Players. J Hum Kinet, 2012; 31: 149-158 Argus CK, Gill ND, Keogh JWL. Characterization of the Differences in Strength and Power between Different

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Analysis of Goal Scoring Patterns in the 2018 FIFA World Cup

physiological research, analysis of performance of soccer players in the field in terms of techniques and tactics has become popular ( Acar et al., 2009 ). Scoring goals is the ultimate determinant of successful soccer team performance and has received extensive attention among researchers ( Jones et al., 2004 ; Tenga et al., 2010 ; Yiannakos and Armatas, 2006 ). This is prompted by the fact that goal scoring is paramount for any team’s success ( Hughes and Churchill, 2005 ). Armatas et al. (2009) evaluated goals scored in soccer matches during the 2006–2007 Greek Super

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Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF): Its Mechanisms and Effects on Range of Motion and Muscular Function

References Bonnar BP, Deivert RG, Gould TE. The relationship between isometric contraction durations during hold-relax stretching and improvement of hamstring flexibility. J Sport Med Phys Fit, 2004; 44(3):288-226. Bradley PS, Olsen PD, Portas MD. The effect of static, ballistic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on vertical jump performance. J Strength Cond Res / Natl Str Cond Assoc J, 2007; 21(1):223-226 Caplan N, Rogers R., Parr MK, Hayes PR. The effect of

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Analysis of Successful Offensive Play Patterns by the Spanish Soccer Team

Introduction When studying performance in soccer, one could assume that performance indicators recorded for successful or unsuccessful actions will reflect both individual and team performance. However, there is always an element of chance and unpredictability in team sports ( Gronek et al., 2015 ; Kalinowski et al., 2019 ). Players, coaches, and fans largely agree that chance is sometimes important for understanding the result of a match. The above argument, however, is not valid for the scientific community ( Ramos et al., 2017 ). Empirically speaking

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High Speed Running and Sprinting Profiles of Elite Soccer Players

Introduction Studies continue to investigate the physical and technical performances of elite soccer players during official games across congested periods ( Bradley et al., 2009 ; Rampinini et al., 2007 ; Rey et al., 2010 ) in accordance with positional roles ( Bradley et al., 2009 ; Di Salvo et al., 2007 ; Rampinini et al., 2007 ) or depending on the match conditions. In particular, Rampinini et al. (2007) observed that the work rate of professional soccer players was significantly influenced by the activity profile of their opponents. According

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Do G894T Polymorphisms of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase 3 (NOS3) Influence Endurance Phenotypes?

References Ahmetov II, Rogozkin VA, Genes, Athlete Status and Training - An Overview in Genetics and Sports (ed: Callins M). Med Sport Sci. Basel, Karger, 2009, vol 54, pp 43-71. Borggrefe M, Wolpert C, Antzelevitch C, Veltmann C, Giustetto C, Gaita F, Schimpf R. Short QT syndrome. Genotype-phenotype correlations. J Electrocardiol 2005: 38: 75-80. Bray MS, Hagberg JM, Perusse L, Rankinen T, Roth SM, Wolfarth B, Bouchard C (2009) The human gene map for performance and health

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Neuromuscular Compression Garments: Effects on Neuromuscular Strength and Recovery

References Ali A, Caine MP, Snow BG. Graduated compression stockings: physiological and perceptual responses during and after exercise. J Sports Sci, 2007; 25(4): 413-419. Ali A, Creasy RH, Edge JA. Physiological effects of wearing graduated compression stockings during running. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2010; 109(6): 1017-1025. Ali A, Creasy RH, Edge JA. The Effect of Graduated Compression Stockings on Running Performance. J Strength Cond Res; 2011; 25

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The Influence of Situational Variables on Ball Possession in the South African Premier Soccer League

Introduction Over the years, performance analysis has grown drastically and has a vital role to play in the modern game of soccer ( Carling et al., 2005 ). Preparing soccer teams to play at the professional level is a multifaceted process because it is reliant on numerous individual and team-related characteristics. For many years, the most successful soccer teams in European competitions have adopted a style of play based on ball possession (also known as an indirect playing style), allowing them to dictate the play by controlling the game ( Bradley et al

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Characteristics of Team Leaders Play as exemplified by the European Championships In Basketball

-126. Eom H., Schutz R., Statistical analyses of volleyball performance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 1992; 63: 11-18. Erčulj F., Dežman B., Vučković G., Perš J., Perše M, Kristan M., An analysis of basketball players' movements in the Slovenian Basketball League play-offs using the Sagit Tracking System, Facta Universitatis: Series Physical Education and Sport. 2008; 6: 75-85. Fernandez J., Camerino O., Anguera M. T., Jonsson G. K., Identifying and analyzing the construction and effectiveness of offensive

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Postactivation Potentiation of Bench Press Throw Performance Using Velocity-Based Conditioning Protocols with Low and Moderate Loads

Introduction The force or power exerted by a muscle may be increased or decreased depending on its preceding activity, due to the parallel development of postactivation potentiation (PAP) and fatigue ( Hodgson et al., 2005 ; Rassier and Macintosh, 2000 ; Tillin and Bishop, 2009 ). Sports coaches employ conditioning activities, i.e. muscle actions aiming to enhance force and power output during complex training ( Docherty and Hodgson, 2007 ), as well as during competition or a high quality training session, in order to maximize training gains and performance

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