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Ning Gu and Mary Lou Maher

Open access

Andrzej Raszkowski

Abstract

Dzierżoniów’s residents definitely represent one of its most valuable resources. Its development and improvement of the generally approached life quality depends on their involvement in solving social and economic problems, their entrepreneurship and creativity. It should also be emphasized that the vast majority of surveyed residents are in favour of their city development. This phenomenon is based on the principle of mutual dependencies, i.e. the better the city functioning, the better living the conditions provided for its residents. On the other hand, the more active and involved the residents are the more effective is their support for the city development (e.g. by their involvement in NGOs’ activities). The presented article was prepared based on the survey studies ordered by Dzierżoniów’s Town Office and conducted in the period July–August 2013 which covered, among others, the city residents (422 respondents). The research was carried out within the framework of one of the stages in developing Dzierżoniów’s Local Sustainable Development Strategy for the period 2014-2020. The purpose of the study is to discuss and assess the selected functional areas of Dzierżoniów Town (geographic environment, economy, technical infrastructure, social infrastructure, city management) based on its residents’ opinions.

Open access

Anthony Egbu and Decklan Okoroigwe

Abstract

Management of urban solid waste implies the collection, transfer, treatment recycle, reuse and disposal of such waste. Collection of urban household solid waste traditionally rests with government agencies designated with such responsibility. Solid waste collection begins from storage at the household level to the final treatment or disposal point and represents the most important aspect of urban solid waste management. Little has however been written on urban household solid waste collection in Nigeria. Using empirical data from three urban areas of Anambra State, Nigeria, the paper examines the place of informal private solid waste collectors in household solid waste collection. The ANOVA technique is used to test the null hypothesis that the sample means of the distance to designated community/street solid waste collection containers in the residential neighbourhoods of the three towns are equal. We conclude on household patronage of informal private solid waste collectors as against government provided community/street collection containers in the areas studied.

Open access

Birgitta Ander, Agneta Abrahamsson and Arne Gerdner

Abstract

AIM – The study explores arenas of adolescent binge drinking in small Swedish towns and the meanings these have for young persons. The focus is thus on space and place, and on the geography of underage drinking.

DESIGN – An ethnographic approach was used, including direct observations, document studies and contacts with youth workers on local and national levels, and interviews with 28 underage binge-drinking adolescents chosen as informants.

FINDINGS – Adolescent binge drinkers seem to have moved away from street and other outdoor drinking arenas to home environments, where they feel they have more control over their party location and participants.

CONCLUSIONS – One consequence of outdoor drinking moving indoors is that professional youth workers and police cannot enter party arenas and the only adults who can do so are the parents. This has implications for preventive alcohol strategies and outreach social work. Measures should be directed to parents to make them fully aware of the importance of the party location in their homes.

Open access

Lilla Áldorfai Czabadai, Zoltán Topa and György Áldorfai

Abstract

By themselves, GDP and regional GDP are no longer satisfying to determine the development level of a region. However, it is very important to know what kind of factors could influence the income status of a region. In our study we tried to collect basic data which represent the chosen topic well, and more importantly, which are easy to access and are interpretable at smaller (for example settlement) territorial levels. The frame of our investigation was the programming period from 2007 to 2013. We compared the sum of different subsidies, local taxes and the gross value added to the settlements’ income status. Based on our previous hypothesis, the received supports, the taxes paid by local people and the gross value added generated by local enterprises show strong correlation with the formation of the income status, and this hypothesis was tested for cities and towns in this paper.

Open access

Justyna Chodkowska-Miszczuk and Daniela Szymańska

Abstract

This article aims to identify the scale of energy efficiency improvements in public buildings in Polish towns as representative of sustainable building. The study area is investigated from the perspective of challenges arising from the current policy in the EU. The article indicates that, given the age of public buildings in Poland, the best way to implement the concept of sustainable building is to improve their present stock. The modernisation of public buildings is discussed in terms of project location, project value, sources of funding (including EU funds), and the use of buildings undergoing modernisation. According to the research findings, the implementation of the sustainable building concept is determined by both, exogenous factors (EU directives and domestic laws, etc.) and endogenous ones (e.g. human resources and their quality)

Open access

Ievgeniia Zapunna

Abstract

The article refers to the means of harmonious combination of elements of different time periods and space-planning of environment, improvement and revival of memorable architectural heritage of urban environment, creation of comfortable living conditions etc. The formation of such means is based on the development of conceptual and theoretical model of integration process. Thus, the aim of the paper – is to identify effective approaches to regeneration of historical environment of small Ukrainian towns.

Open access

Kinga Mazurek

Abstract

The 90s of the twientieth century carried a restructuring of the industry which involved the adaptation of enterprises to operate in a market economy, the workforce reduction and privatization of industrial facilities. Economic transformation has contributed to the socio-economic changes in industrial and mining towns. It affected the changes in the employment structure, changes in the number of population, migration decisions, the quality of medical care and municipal institutions support. Ruda Śląska is a typical mining town, history of which for nearly 200 years has been a consecutive period associated with the mining and heavy industries. This work is based on statistical data and approximates the effects of restructuring evident in Ruda Śląska. The presented characterization indicates that the situation prevailing in the city refers to the conditions of life in the most traditional mining regions of Central and Eastern Europe. Despite the significant reconstruction in the employment structure, Ruda Śląska retains partly its mining character. Population of the town is trying to cope with the need to adapt to new economic realities, among others, by changing the sector of economy to work in. Employment reductions have contributed to the increase of population migration. In conjunction with the natural loss it resulted in a decrease of the number of population and population aging. The support of the cities and sanitary facilities offered, among others, by social assistance centers and employment has great importance in overcoming the negative effects of the economic transformation.

Open access

Lidija Popović-Dragonjić and Ilija Kocić

Abstract

An outbreak of trichinellosis affecting 13 individuals, of whom 8 with severe form presented as myocarditis, occurred in the village of Subotinac near the town of Aleksinac in Serbia. The source of this epidemic was smoked pork from a domestic pig that had not undergone meat inspection procedures. The most striking clinical features among all the 13 patients were muscular pain (84.6%), malaise (69.2%), upper eyelid edema (61.5%), and difficulty in chewing (53.9%). These symptoms and signs were associated with significant elevations of creatine phosphokinase and lactate dehydrogenase levels. As high as 61.5% of the patients with trichinellosis were diagnosed with myocarditis (determined by means of electrocardiography, echocardiography, troponin I and creatine kinase-MB measurements). The patients had Trichinella-specific IgG antibodies in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and positive indirect immunofluorescence test results. Patients seemed to respond well to treatment with mebendazole. Corticosteroid therapy was administered to patients with myocarditis. Since high percentage of our patients presented with myocarditis, an infectious diseases specialist should always keep in mind doing cardiac biomarkers analyses, echocardiography and electrocardiography.

Open access

Małgorzata Flaga

Demographic Consequences of Suburbanization in Selected Towns in the Eastern Borderlands of Poland

The aim of the article is to present some of the consequences of the suburbanization process in Poland, where said the process became relevant in the 1990s and continues to this day. The author focuses specifically on the demographic aspects of this phenomenon, i.e., the changes in population it has implied in urban and suburban areas, as well as the characteristics of the relevant demographic structures and natural increase that affect the territories in question.

The results of the research pertain to three of the largest cities in the Lubelskie voivodship: Lublin, Chełm, and Zamość, spanning the years 1995 to 2007. An analysis of available statistical data on this period allows us to note substantial differences in some demographic indicators for cities on the one hand and their respective communes (gminas) on the other. Additionally, the data suggests that the population shifts and changes that occur in the region are the result of an interaction between suburbanization processes and the ongoing Second Demographic Transition, which takes place simultaneously.