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Aurelian Rațiu

” Publishing House, Sibiu, 2015, p.34. [5] Laviniu Bojor, Conflictul iregular - conflict militar caracteristic primelor decenii ale secolului al XXI-lea, „Nicolae Bălcescu” Publishing House, Sibiu, 2016, pp. 120. [6] Joint Chiefs of Staff, Joint Publication 3-24 - Counterinsurgency, SUA, November 2013, chapter IV, p. 13, on, accessed at 10.03.2016. [7] Department of the Army, FM 3-05.401 - Civil Affairs Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures, Washington DC, USA, 2007, chapter 3, p

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J. Perl and D. Memmert

Performance Indikatoren [Big Data in professional football. Analysis of position data from the German Fußball-Bundesliga with new innovative Key Performance Indicators.]. Leistungssport [High Performance Sport], 1-13. Memmert, D., Raabe, D., Knyazev, A., Franzen, A., Zekas, L., Rein, R., Perl, J. & Weber, H. (2016b). Innovative Leistungsindikatoren im Profifußball auf Basis von Positionsdaten [Innovative performance indicators in professional football based on position data.]. Impulse [impulse], 2 , 14-21. Perl, J., Grunz, A. & Memmert, D. (2013). Tactics in

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Nadiya Tymkiv


The article states the analysis of the curriculum that regulates the main purposes, essence and directions for petroleum training. The importance and necessity of positive usage of Austrian, English and Norwegian experience at the time of petroleum engineers training in the petroleum industry has been stressed on. The structure and content of curricula in the process of the petroleum engineers training at the universities of pointed out countries have been analyzed. It has been designated that the terms “curriculum” and “programme” are connected with such outstanding British and American scholars as A. Bosanquet, D. Clark, S. Fraser, F. Hunkins, L. Lattuca, M. Linn, G. O’Neill, A. Ornstein, J. Stark et al. Based on their views it has been found out that these papers define the basic goals, meanings and essential rules for training. It has been outlined that an educational program plays a principal part in the organization of higher technical education, both as the way of interplay and as the foundation for judgment and student appraisal. Three beds of curriculum, e.g. national curriculum, internal, or municipal curriculum, university curriculum and annual plan are considered. All these are designed in an accessible, broad and collective methods, thus, educational program is more a series of actions to achieve results than a commodity. In essence, curriculum is a key paper and it considers the comprehension of humankind, community and training; it also combines the work of any university to regional and nationwide tactics. Moreover, lecturers develop their own provincial curricula established on their national certificates. Close attention has been paid to key contextual filters that influence the curriculum planning process. It has been emphasized that a curriculum is formed on future direction and competence-based pertaining to thought; it is integrated and condensed, it joins all fields of training and university activity. The article discloses special aspects of petroleum specialists’ cycle education. The requirements of employers towards HEI graduates’ competences are presented.

Open access

Mădălina Strechie


Alexander the Great was not only a great political leader, but also an amazing general. He did not face only armies, but entire civilizations which he forced to merge, following his own example. We believe that his most lasting victory was the Hellenistic civilization, a new civilization that emerged after the “clash of civilizations” that Alexander, the great leader, had opposed, namely the Greek civilization versus the Persian civilization. His war was totally new, revolutionary, both in terms of fighting tactics, weapons, and especially goals. Alexander became the Great because of his ambition to conquer the world from one end to the other. Beginning with the pretext meant to take revenge for the Persian Wars, his expedition to the Persian Empire was in fact a special “clash of civilizations”. With Alexander, the West fully demonstrates its expansionist tendencies, conquering at first an empire and civilization after civilization. Thus, in turn, the Greek crusher of the new half-god of war defeated the Phoenician, Egyptian, Persian civilizations (the coordinator of the empire that initiated for the first time the process of assimilation of the defeated ones, namely Persanization).From the military point of view, Alexander the Great was the initiator of the lightning war, of course mutatis

mutandis, forming a military monarchy within the conquered civilizations, turning for the first time in history, generals into important politicians, we think here of the Diadochi. Alexander the Great forced the limits beyond human possibilities, beyond the map and beyond fate. He is the most original general of history, precisely in his manner of making war and imposing peace, being the toughest “shock of civilizations”

Open access

Geert Bouckaert, Vitalis Nakrošis and Juraj Nemec

Public Administration and Management Reforms in CEE: Main Trajectories and Results

The common feature of CEE systems is that they change drastically. Political systems change, e.g. from dictatorships to democracies, and their elites are removed. Democratic checks and balances are established. State structures are reshuffled, e.g. toward more decentralisation. The economic system changes its nature, e.g. from state monopolies to market systems with private firms. Societal and social systems with NGOs, not-for-profit organisations and citizen action groups are established and are designed for people to participate actively in the public debate and to become stakeholders of their society and their communities (Peters 1996).

To achieve planned changes, CEE countries had to choose their strategies. In focusing on the administration and the management of public systems, five scopes of reform are possible, from very narrow and limited to a very widespread and broad span of reform (Pollitt and Bouckaert 2004). Choosing one of these models has tremendous practical implications for the content of a reform programme, for the choice of the reform projects, for the sequence and timing of the reform portfolio. It also requires different tactical choices to be made. One of the issues is how many degrees of freedom there are to reform the public sector.

Just as in many other countries, mixed strategies have been chosen for public- sector reform in CEE countries, and these choices have changed over time. However, it seems that the span of reform has rather been broad than narrow. It also seems that tactics could have been more visible than strategy because of electoral cycles.

This brings us to the question of the trajectories to move ahead. Our article, heavily based in the joint NISPAcee research project4 tries to respond to some selected dimensions of the question of what the common and different trajectories and selected outcomes of public administration / management reforms are in the CEE region.

Open access

Zuzana Žuffová and Ludmila Zapletalová


The aim of the study was to verify the efficiency of two frisbee ultimate teaching models at 8-year grammar schools relative to age. In the experimental group was used a game based model (Teaching Games for Understanding) and in the control group the traditional model based on teaching techniques. 6 groups of female students took part in experiment: experimental group 1 (n=10, age=11.6), experimental group 2 (n=12, age=13.8), experimental group 3 (n=14, age =15.8), control group 1 (n=11, age =11.7), control group 2 (n=10, age =13.8) and control group 3 (n=9, age =15.8). Efficiency of the teaching models was evaluated based of game performance and special knowledge results. Game performance was evaluated by the method of game performance assessment based on GPAI (Game Performance Assessment Instrument) through video record. To verify level of knowledge, we used a knowledge test, which consisted of questions related to the rules and tactics knowledge of frisbee ultimate. To perform statistical evaluation Mann-Whitney U-test was used. Game performance assessment and knowledge level indicated higher efficiency of TGfU in general, but mostly statistically insignificant. Experimental groups 1 and 2 were significantly better in the indicator that evaluates tactical aspect of game performance - decision making (p<0.05). Experimental group 3 was better in the indicator that evaluates skill execution - disc catching. The results showed that the students of the classes taught by game based model reached partially better game performance in general. Experimental groups achieved from 79.17 % to 80 % of correct answers relating to the rules and from 75 % to 87.5 % of correct answers relating to the tactical knowledge in the knowledge test. Control groups achieved from 57.69 % to 72.22 % of correct answers relating to the rules and from 51.92 % to 72.22 % of correct answers relating to the tactical knowledge in the knowledge test.

Open access

Silvestris Zebolds, Valdis Goncars, Ints Zommers and Konstantins Kalnberzs


Introduction. Total knee replacement (TKR) is still a challenging procedure for severe gonarthrosis patients. Deformities of knee joint (varus, valgus - more than 30 degrees), insufficiency of collateral ligaments and extensive bone loss could be a difficult problem to solve with standard knee endoprosthesis. Also in cases of revision - TKR the restoration of bone loss and regaining of stability of the joint could be a problem.

Aim of the Study. The aim of our study was to analyse the results with Rotating - Hinge prosthesis after severe primary and revision TKR.

Materials and Methods. 34 patients (27 female, 7 male) were treated with Rotating - Hinge prosthesis during 12 years (first in 1997). Mean age of patients were 69 years. 17 operations were primary total knee arthroplasties and also 17 were revisions of the knee prosthesis. The Oxford Knee score was used for evaluation of patients satisfaction rate. The Knee Society Score was used to get objective functional results. For radiological analysis X-rays of knee joint in two projections were performed.

Results. 34 Oxford Knee score questionnaires were sent to patients, response we got from 27 patients (79%). Mean result from Oxford Knee score was 32 which is good. The same number of patients (34) were invited for examination using Knee Society score. The response were from 20 patients (59%). Mean result from Knee Society score was 83, which means excellent.

Conclusions. Rotating-Hinge prosthesis allows to achieve good and excellent functional results and high patients satisfaction rate after severe primary and revision TKR. The biological age, general health condition, insufficiency of ligaments and previous infection in patients history have to be considered for choosing the tactics for each case.

Open access

Michał Kisielewski, Michał Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Major, Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Maciej Matłok, Marcin Migaczewski, Piotr Budzyński and Andrzej Budzyński


The aim of the study was to assess safety of elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) performed by residents that are undergoing training in general surgery.

Material and methods. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 330 patients operated electively due to cholelithiasis. Patients with acute cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, undergoing cholecystec-tomy as a part of more extensive operation and patients with gall-bladder cancer were excluded. Group 1 included patients operated by resident, group 2 – by specialist. Duration of operation, mean blood loss, number of major complications, number of conversions to the open technique and conversions of the operator, reoperations and length of hospital stay were analyzed.

Results. Mean operative time overall was 81 min (25 – 170, SD±28.6) and 71 min (30-210, SD±29.1) in groups 1 and 2 respectively (p=0.00009). Mean blood loss in group 1 was 45±68.2 ml and in group 2 – 41±73.4 ml (p=0.23). Six major complications has occurred (1.81%) – 2 (2%) in group 1 and 4 (1.7%) in group 2. 18 cases (15.5%) of conversion of the operator occurred in group 1, and 6 cases (2.6%) of conversion of the operator happened in group 2. Average LOS was 1.9 days in group 1 and 2.3 days in group 2 (p=0.03979).

Conlcusions. Elective LC performed by a supervised resident is a safe procedure. Tactics of “conversion of operator” allowed to prevent major complications. Longer LC by residents is natural during the learning curve. Modifications of residency program in the field of laparoscopy may increase its accessibility.

Open access

Jerzy Kosiewicz and Andrzej Smoleń


New national and international societies that examine sports have been created and developed in Europe as well as on other continents. These societies, which examine the complex phenomena, issues, and questions concerning sports as seen from the different scientific points of view, are rooted in two main research directions: the natural sciences on the one hand, and the social sciences on the other.

The authors of the paper point to the significant and ongoing development of the social sciences of sport. In particular, the authors discuss the development of the sociology of sport, philosophy of sport, psychology of sport, pedagogy of sport, history of physical culture, sports and Olympics, the organization and management of sport, social and cultural foundations of tourism and recreation, social relationships associated with sports training and tactics, as well as the humanistic theories of Eastern martial arts.

The authors have listed several national, continental, and international scientific organizations that unite representatives of the aforementioned disciplines. However, the authors’ main focus is on theoretical and organizational assumptions of the International Society for the Social Sciences of Sport, an organization founded in 2009.

The society’s main objectives are to unite the particular social sciences of sport in one organized and scientific body (while maintaining the existing differences between the sciences); to enable the annual debate and exchange of views on the substantive and methodological matters; as well as to provide joint scientific publications connected with common work of the group and with the journal Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research.

The authors discuss the research and publishing activities of the Polish Society for Social Sciences of Sport, introducing the organization as an example of any future organization that could cooperate with the International Society for the Social Sciences of Sport.

Open access

Mahmada Khaton Siddika and Umme Hani


Seize the Day by Saul Bellow delineates the imperialistic aggression of money creating a society of emotional sterility. Money like an imperialist controls everybody’s everything and all are forced to adore money in this novella. Here the father-son relationship is rounded with the financial successful father and the financially insolvent son as in the case of Dr. Adler and Wilhelm. Only his father cares of how much he earns. His marriage life with Margaret is controlled by money and rounded with his paying premiums of policies without giving emotional soothing. So he is always in search of safe harbour to build a deep human connection with every situation devoid of adoration of ‘Holy money!’ He goes to Hollywood to be an actor for the fulfillment of his wishes, but it remains unsuccessful. He chases his father to be treated as his kid, but his father cares him not as child. Moreover his identity change from Wilhelm Adler to Tommy Wilhelm is to adapt in capital imperialistic society to find a shelter by having free essential self which turns into a failure attempt. He relies on Tamkin for his success in financial war. Tamkin as a means of imperialism has taken the power of attorney over his last seven hundred dollars and captures this little by little placing the mosquito net over his head by visionary ideas and providing all emotional needs which he is eager to have. But his search of safe harbour is continuously torn by the blow of imperialistic tactics of money and is wounded by the moneymaking weapons. This paper aims at how he achieves a safe harbour in funeral of a stranger with ‘happy oblivion of tears’ by creating a wide vision with his compassion and by the recognition of his connection with common humanity out of capitalist imperialism.