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Liudmyla Matsiuk


The content of legal education of future primary school teachers which is adequate to the structural and functional model of teacher’s professional readiness for increasing legal literacy of primary school pupils has been revealed and the main groups of competences, namely, normative and institutional, ideological and value-based, forecasting, procedural and functional as well as criteria and levels of readiness at the level of realizing certain actions during curricula and extracurricular activities and methods of diagnozing its effectiveness have been defined. The factors hampering innovations in professional activity of modern teachers have beenoutlined, in particular, socioeconomic factors and psychological barriers, personal anxiety, conformism, fear of one’s own incompetence, low self-esteem, subjective-biased attitude to innovations, unwillingness to take independent decisions without appropriate recommendations and guidelines. The pedagogical conditions that contribute to forming future teachers’ professional readiness for increasing legal literacy have been defined, namely, forming legal knowledge in the process of studying professional disciplines, improving the content of legal education by means of a special course, level-based diagnostics of professional readiness, etc. The training process has been considered as a certain educational strategy, based on the principles of students’ independent search and providing individualized and differentiated approaches to their training. It has been justified that professional training of future teachers for increasing legal literacy of primary shcool pupils is improved based on the influence of society due to adhereing to humanistic and democratic principles that significantly affect teachers’ innovative activities and perform initiating and stimulating functions. The methodical system of forming students’ knowledge, skills and developing their professional and personal qualities and abilities necessary for successful realization of professional legal activities has been studied. Comparative analysis of future teachers’ legal training in higher education institutions of Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan has been conducted.

Open access

José Pimentel

, 28: 370–373. Schneider-von Podewils F., Gasse C., Geithner J., Wang Z.I., Bombach P., Berneiser J. et al.: Clinical predictors of long-term social outcome and quality of life in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: 20–65 years of follow-up . Epilepsia, 2014, 55: 322–330. Téllez-Zenteno J.F., Hunter G., Wiebe S.: Injuries in people with self-reported epilepsy: a population-based study . Epilepsia, 2008, 49: 954–961. Thapar A., Kerr M., Harold G.: Stress, anxiety, depression, and epilepsy: investigating the relationship between psychological factors

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Beata Szurowska and Monika Czajkowska


This article deals with important aspects regarding the checking and assessment of the knowledge and skills of third-graders (more specifically pupils ending the third grade of primary school). The text makes use of the Omnibus research reports: M. Czajkowska, B. Szurowska (2016). It is worth noting that conducting tests in children of this age should be different than in adults (for example due to their emotional development, motivation, and self-esteem). The article is innovative in nature, because the authors pay attention to certain behaviors of the teachers and the children which have not been considered noteworthy before, such as: preparation of students, consisting not only of the key skills and knowledge determined by the requirements of the obligatory educational program but also providing emotional support, providing a pleasant atmosphere, indicating ways and methods of talking with children and parents about test results and supporting the children’s development in the specific areas that need improvement. The behavior of the children during tests, e.g. the possibility of using the available tools (e.g. ruler, scissors, dictionary, etc.) and the ability to solve the problem and apply different strategies in an emotionally difficult situation. The data presented in the article allows to determine both the amount of skills and knowledge that third grade students have in the field of Polish and mathematics as well as to open a discussion about a new approach to conducting tests among young students (focused on the child, its needs and feelings, and understanding how important teacher-parent cooperation is for the development of children at this age).

Open access

Elin Berg

). Relational hopes: A study of the lived experience of hope in some patients hospitalized for intentional self-harm. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 2010 (5), 4651. Johansen, J. A. (2007). Tverrfaglig spesialisert rusbehandling: et nytt tjenesteområde i spesialisthelsetjenesten. Tidsskrift for norsk psykologforening, 44 (3), 269–272 Johansen N. B. & Myhre, H. (2004). Skadereduksjon i praksis, del 1. Oslo kommune Rusmiddeletaten. Kompetansesenteret. Karlsson, L. B., Kuusela, K., & Rantakeisu, U. (red.) (2013

Open access

Tolga Türköz, T. Osman Mutlu, Akif Tabak and Murat Erdoğan

). Differences in self-regulatory skills among talented athletes: The significance of competitive level and type of sport. Journal of Sports Sciences , 28, 901-908. Kang, Y.S., Choi, Y.J., Park, D.L., Kim, I.J. (2010). A study on nurses' self-leadership, self-esteem, and organizational effectiveness. Journal of Korean Academy Nursing Administration, 16, 143-151. Kazan, A.L. (1999). Exploring the concept of self-leadership: Factors impacting self-leadership of Ohio Americorps Members (Doctoral Dissertation). Ohio: The Ohio State University

Open access

Monika Rogalińska

Inner Strength of Female Characters in Loitering with Intent and The Public Image by Muriel Spark

Women characters in Muriel Spark's novels are diverse, some strong and powerful, some weak and unable to make decisions. And there are characters who develop throughout the novel and learn from their own mistakes. From being passive, they gradually start acting and making their own choices. Loitering with Intent and The Public Image present women characters who go through metamorphosis, from being dependent on others into living their own lives and freeing themselves from former influences. Such kaleidoscopic change enables them not only to be able to finally make their own decisions but also to overcome many difficult situations threatening their future life.

Fleur Talbot, a heroine in Loitering with Intent, finds herself at a point in which she thinks that everything she cares for is lost. Chronically passive and naïve, she cannot imagine another way of being until she understands that she is being cheated, that her life will be ruined if she does not act. Everyone around her seems to be in conspiracy against her; only taking a firm stand and opposing her surrounding world can help. Fleur's life has become totally dependent on her ability to be strong and decisive. She knows that if she remains what she is, her career and prospects for the future will be lost, so she decides to prove her determination and her will to be finally happy. Her transformation into a powerful character saves her dignity and makes her a successful writer.

Annabel, a character in The Public Image is the same type of person as Fleur, as she lacks self-confidence and has no support from anybody, even her own husband. Muriel Spark, however, presents her as another example of a heroine who develops as the action progresses, able to evoke strength in herself when her situation seems hopeless. Annabel, at first treated as a puppet in the hands of other people, who use her image for their own benefit, shows that she is capable of anything by the book's end. When her career and reputation are threatened and her privacy invaded, she decides to leave the country. This requires both effort and sacrifice, as she has to leave behind everything she has worked for all her life, but this is the necessary price for her freedom.

The ability of both female characters to show so much determination reveals an inherent inner strength, and their weakness and vulnerability as just superficial. When the situation requires it, both Annabel and Fleur are ready to fight for their rights, for their freedom and self esteem, and they discover that they are indeed capable of changing their lives.

Open access

Crenguţa Mihaela Macovei

- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 199 (2015), pp. 472 - 478, 2015. [8] Alyami, M., Melyani, Z., Al Johani, A., Ullah, E., Alyami, H., Sundram, F., Hill, A., Henning, M., The Impact of Self-Esteem, Academic Self-Efficacy and Perceived Stress on Academic Performance: A Cross-Sectional Study of Saudi Psychology Students, European Journal of Educational Sciences (EJES), Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 51-68, 2017. doi: 10.19044/ejes.v4no3a5URL: [9] Alegre, A., Academic self-efficacy, self- regulated learning and

Open access

Nada Arseni

.B., Carroll H.A., Lustyk M.K. (2014). Gender Differences in Exercise Habits and quality of life Reports: Assessing the Moderating Effects of Reasons for Exercise , J. Lib. Arts. Soc. Sci., 2(5),65-76. 4. Chirazi M., Ciorbă P. (2006). Culturism. Întreţinere şi Competiţie , Editura Polirom, București, 11-12. 5. Ciosici D. 2009. Metodologia Cercetării Ştiinţifice , Editura Politehnica, Timișoara, 65-66. 6. Furnham A., Badmni N., Sneade I. (2002). Body Image Dissatisfaction: Gender Differences in Eating Attitudes, Self-Esteem, and Reasons for Exercise

Open access

Jaroslaw Piotrowski and Bogdan Wojciszke

. (2013). Agencycommunion and self-esteem relations are moderated by culture, religiosity, age, and sex: Evidence for the “self-centrality breads self-enhancement” principle. Journal of Personality, 81, 261-275. Gino, F., & Galinsky, A.D. (2012). Vicarious dishonesty: When psychological closeness creates distance from one’s moral compass. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 119, 15-26. Goldstein, N.J., & Cialdini, R.B. (2007). The spyglass self: A model of vicarious self-perception. Journal of Personality and Social

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Josef Parnas, Paul Møller, Tilo Kircher, Jørgen Thalbitzer, Lennart Jansson, Peter Handest, Dan Zahavi, Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz, Justyna Morylowska-Topolska and Dariusz Juchnowicz

by depression. Compr Psychiatry. 2012; 53: 456-460. 23. Haug E, Øie MG, Andreassen OA, Bratlien U, Romm KL, Møller P, et al. The association between anomalous self-experiences, self-esteem and depressive symptoms in first episode schizophrenia. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016; 10: 557. 24. Haug E, Øie M, Melle I, Andreassen OA, Raballo A, Bratlien U, et al. The association between self-disorders and neurocognitive dys-function in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2012; 135: 79-83. 25. Haug E, Øie M, Andreassen OA, Bratlien U, Raballo A, Nelson B, et al