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I. Elshahawy, A. Metwally and D. Ibrahim

Ethiopia. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr., 51: 67–73 [6] Hansen, J., Perry, B. (1994): The epidemiology, diagnosis and control of helminth parasites of ruminants. A handbook 2nd Edition. ILRAD (International Laboratory for research on animal diseases), Nairobi, Kenya., p. 171 [7] Herlich, H. (1978): The importance of helminth infections in ruminants. World Anim. Rev., 26: 22–26 [8] Jacquiet, P., Cabaret, J., Colas, F., Dia, M. L., Cheikh, D., Thiam, A. (1992): Helminths of sheep and goats in

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A. Okulewicz, M. Kaźmierczak and K. Zdrzalik

Abstract

Exotic reptiles, among them snakes, are a novelty in the world of pets. A total of 28 snakes housed in the City Zoological Garden in Wrocław and 23 snakes from zoological wholesale were examined for the presence of endoparasites. Both parasitological sections of dead reptiles and coprological examination were done. Endoparasites were detected in a total of 13.7 % of snakes, including 21.7 % of those coming from the zoological wholesale and 7.1 % of the zoo-kept snakes. Two groups of protozoa were detected: Choleoeimeria sp. and Ciliata, as well as nematodes: Kalicephalus sp., Dioctowittidae and a pinworm (Oxyurida). The zoo snakes were also found to carry pseudoparasites.

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V. Roca, F. Jorge, Ç. Ilgaz, Y. Kumlutaş, S. Hakan Durmuş and M. A. Carretero

particular no helminthological data are known for many species whereas data are partial and scarce for others, focusing mainly on taxonomy and faunistic studies ( Schad et al ., 1960 ; Markov & Bodganov, 1962 ; Sharpilo, 1962 , 1976 ; Saygi, 1993 ). Recently some studies have paid attention on helminths of several species of Darevskia from Armenia ( Sargsyan & Harutyunyan, 2012 ; Sargsyan, 2013 ; Sargsyan et al ., 2013 ). Even more recently, Roca et al . (2015 , 2016 ) analysed the helminth communities in unisexual endemic lizards from Turkey and the structure

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A. Dudlová, P. Juriš, P. Jarčuška, L. Čisláková, I. Papajová and V. Krčméry

References BARTLETT, M.S., HARPER, K., SMITH, N., VERBANAC, P., SMIT, J.W. (1978): Comparative evaluation of a modifi ed Zinc Sulfate fl otation technique. J. Clin. Microbiol., 7(6): 524 - 528 BEN AYED, L., SCHIJVEN, J., ALOUINI, Z., JEMLI, M., SABBAHI, S. (2009): Presence of parasitic protozoa and helminth in sewage and effi - ciency of sewage treatment in Tunisia. Parasitol. Res.,105(2): 393 - 406. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-009- 1396-y CHEREPANOV, A.A. (1982): Methods of laboratory centrals of cleaning plants on

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G. Zaleśny, J. Hildebrand, A. Perec-Matysiak and A. Okulewicz

[1] Bernard, J. (1966): Nematodes de micromammiferes recoltes en Europe Centrale. Arch. Inst. Pasteur, Tunis, 4: 609–632 [2] Bernard, J. (1966a): Les Syphacia spp. parasites des rongeurs de la faune belge avec description d’une nouvellee espece: Syphacia vanderbrueli, parasite de Micromys minutus. Pall. Bull. rech. agron. Gembloux, 3: 345–358 [3] Behnke, J. M., Barnard, C. J., Bajer, A., Bray, D., Dinmore, J., Frake, K., Osmond, J., Race, T., Sinski, E. (2001): Variation in the helminth

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S. Düşen, İ. Uğurtaş and A. Aydoğdu

[4] Borkovcová, M., J. Kopřiva. (2005): Parasitic helminths of reptiles (Reptilia) South Moravia (Czech Republic). Parasitol. Res., 96: 77–78 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-004-1258-6 [5] Buchvarov, G. K. (1977): Catalogue des Helminthes des Amphibies en Bulgarie, Universite de Plovdiv „P Hilendarski,“ Plovdiv, Bulgaria. 53 pp. (In Bulgarian) [6] Düşen S., Öz, M. (2004): Helminth parasites of the tree frog, Hyla arborea (Linnaeus, 1758) (Anura: Hylidae) from Southwest Turkey. Comp. Parasitol., 71(2): 258

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G. G. Duscher, J. Harl and H.-P. Fuehrer

References Demuth, J., Hromada, M., Krawczyk, A.J., Malecha, A.W., Tobolka, M., Tryjanowski, P. (2009): Cranial lesions caused by helminth parasites and morphological traits in the European Polecat Mustela putorius. Helminthologia , 46: 85 - 89. DOI: 10.2478/S11687-009-0017-8 Folmer, O., Black, W., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R., Vrijenhoeck, R. (1994): DNA Primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Mol. Mar. Biol. Biotech , 3: 294 - 299 Gerard, Z., Barrat, J. (1986): Parasitisme de mustelides

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J. Szczęsna and M. Popiołek

] Choquette, L.P.E., Gibson, G.G., Kuyt, E., Pearson, A.M. (1973): Helminths of wolves, Canis lupus L., in the Yukon and Northwest Territories. Can. J. Zool., 51: 1087–1091 http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z73-158 [5] Craig, H. L., Craig, P. S. (2005): Helminth parasites of wolves (Canis lupus): a species list and analysis of published prevalence studies in Nearctic and Palearctic populations. J. Helminthol., 79: 95–103 http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/JOH2005282 [6] Domínguez, G., De la Torre, J. A. (2002): Aportaciones al conocimiento

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Z. Dimitrova, Y. Tzvetkov and I. Todev

., 58: 168–174 [5] Bachvarov, G. (1977): Catalogue of the amphibian helminths in Bulgaria. Plovdiv Univ. “P. Khilendarski”, Plovdiv [6] Bachvarov, G. (1982a): Contribution to the knowledge of helminth fauna of anuran amphibians (Anura — Ecaudata) in North-West Bulgaria. Nauch. Tr. Plovdiv. Univ. “P. Khilendarski”, Biol., 20: 239–254 [7] Bachvarov, G. (1982b): Contribution to the knowledge of helminth fauna of anuran amphibians (Anura — Ecaudata) from the middle part of West Bulgaria