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Doina Mureşan

Abstract

Regionalization can be translated into the desire to reach balance in economic development, through raising the level of developing areas and, in this respect, regionalism advocates for raising the region at decision level. Whether it is about regionalism or about regionalization, both would benefit from decentralization, which also yields the multi-level government process.

Open access

Jani Sota

Abstract

This is now a well known axiom, that to judge the level of emancipation of a particular society, one should know the extent of her education. Because of the system’s nature, Albanian and foreign historiography has not been tackling a lot with the problems of higher education after 1990, seeing it from the perspective of the interests of the Albanian democratic state anyway, in terms of the transition, although with difficulties, efforts to change were not interrupted. The transition from totalitarianism to pluralist democracy and a free market economy also raised the issue of a radical change in the education field, a radical restructure, a radical democratic reform throughout work and life. Everything that happened after this period, especially in higher education, destroyed the “foundations” of the traditional high school influence by marxism-leninism, paving the way to new decentralized changes to achieve the highest quality indicators, through the step by step perfection of the university documentation, and efforts for the preparation of specialists, who are able to have direct access in manufacturing as well. The transformation of higher education began when our country was undergoing the transition period. In this study we will focus on the general analysis of the efforts of the Albanian government in front of incomplete standards in the higher educational system, reorganization of the school, in the framework of the change of the political system and the tranformation of socio-economic in Albania. Then it will be elaborated the intensity of changes and the results that are obviously noticed from one stage to the other, also some aspects of the reorganization process and the consolidation of higher education.

Open access

Yongcheng Li, Hai Shen and Manxi Wang

Abstract

Reasonable and effective allocation of cognitive radio spectrum resource according to user’s requirements is the key task of cognitive radio network. Cognitive radio spectrum allocation problem can be viewed as an optimization problem. This paper analyzes the application of bio-inspired intelligent algorithm in cognitive radio network spectrum allocation, and based on graph theory model of spectrum allocation, proposesaspectrum allocation algorithm based on autonomously evolutionary scheme. Three objective functions: Max-Min-Reward, Max-Sum- Reward and Max-Proportional-Fair are employed to evaluate the proposed algorithm capacity. The simulation result reveals that the proposed method can make the system user to obtain better network benefits and better embody the fairness between cognitive users. In the process of allocation, the proposed method was not restricted by user scale and the number of spectrums.

Open access

Peter Michalovič

Abstract

In the presented paper we try to reconstruct Roland Barthes’ journey from the strict linguocentrism (i.e. logocentrism and phonocentrism) to the fact that even though the word and image find themselves in one semiotic space and might be under certain circumstances in a complementary relationship or work together to achieve the very same aim, at the same time, the images (and especially analogical images) always contain something which can’t be wholly translated into words.

Open access

Beata Guziejewska

Abstract

This article deals with the problem of a discrepancy between the recommendations of the theory of public finance, in its various trends, and decentralisation processes in practice. The analysis is both theoretical and empirical. The aim of the discussion is to present the theoretical findings regarding fiscal decentralisation as well as to compare them with the recommendations of the fiscal decentralisation doctrine and with the trends in the practice of local government finances in Poland and selected countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The literature on the subject, studies by international institutions, as well as data from Eurostat and the European Commission are used in the deliberations. Two groups of countries were subject to a comparative analysis: the Visegrad Group Countries and the three Baltic states. These countries differ significantly in the scope of their fiscal decentralisation. Latvia, the Czech Republic and Poland seem to be most advanced in the process. In the conclusion of the study, a recommendation for a wider use of property taxes and the so-called ‘additions to state taxes’ is put forward.

Open access

Jacob Maze

Abstract

By looking at Butler’s theories on grief and mourning, I focus on her concept of ecstasy, or the state of being outside of one’s self, which illustrates the dependency individuals have on social norms as well as the vulnerability such a system of recognition entails. Using this framework, I discuss how the private and the public spheres can construct public bodies. If this happens, individuals can have little say over how their bodies are socially signified. To show this, I use the case of Black women in the USA, where systemic oppression constantly draws their bodies into the public’s eye.

Open access

Alyona Nakonechna

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Open access

Jerzy Majkowski

measure of heart rate variability, is associated with risk factors for SUDEP: the SUDEP-7 inventory . Epilepsy Behav., 2010, 19: 78–81. Delogu A.B., Spinelli A., Battaglia D., Dravet C., De Nisco A., Saracino A. et al.: Electrical and autonomic cardiac function in patients with Dravet syndrome . Epilepsia, 2011, 52: 55–58. Donner E.J., Smith C.R., Snead O.C.3rd.: Sudden unexplained death in children with epilepsy . Neurology, 2001, 57: 430–434. Dupuis M., van Rijckevorsel K., Evrard F., Dubuisson N., Dupuis F., Van Robays P.: Takotsubo syndrome

Open access

Zuzana Visnovcova, A. Calkovska and I. Tonhajzerova

-296. 9. Thayer JF, Lane RD. A model of neurovisceral in emotion regulation and dysregulation. J Affect Disorders 2000; 61(3): 201-216. 10. Thayer JF, Lane RD. Claude Bernard and the heart-brain connection: futher elaboration of model of neurovisceral integration. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2009; 33(2): 81-88. 11. Benarroch EE. The central autonomic network: Functional organization, dysfunction and perspective. Mayo Clin Proc 1993; 68: 988-1001. 12. Cutshall SM, Wentworth LJ, Wahner-Roedler DI, Vincent A, Schmidt JE, Loehrer LL