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Legal Position of Family Members in the Context of Family Reunion: Albania Case

Albaian integration, MJSS, Published by MCSERCEMAS, Sapienza, Vol.4. nr.6, 2013 Carletto, C., and Kilic, T. 2009. Moving up the ladder? The impact of migration experience on occupational mobility in Albania, Policy Research Working Paper, n. 4908, The World Bank. Carletto, C., Davis, B., Stampini, M., Trento, S., and Zezza, A. 2004. Internal mobility and external migration in Albania, ESA Working Paper 04-13, Rome, FAO. European Union - "Albania Progress Report 2013" European Union - "Albania Progress

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Being “Other” in Berlin: German Koreans, Multiraciality, and Diaspora

. However, over the past 50 years, (West) Germany has received almost 30 million immigrants from around the world, including ethnic Germans from other parts of Europe, many of whom permanently settled in the country. While about 15 million of these immigrants were ethnic Germans, half were non-German nationals. Out of this, almost 3 million of these non-national guestworkers recruited during these years ended up remaining in Germany (Green 2003). However, Germany has historically denied that it is a country of immigration (Wilpert 2010; Martin 1994 ) despite the fact

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Reclaiming Citizenship in the Post-Democratic Condition

of global corporations, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and brands operating across borders, alongside institutions such as the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and so on. Nations are also bound by international agreements, including trade agreements and rights-related agreements, overseen and implemented through international courts. This global institutional apparatus and the globalised marketplace are challenging citizenship through their challenging of the nation

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Intercultural Public Intellectual Engagement

Modood 2012 ; Modood 2014 ). This interculturalism, however, is not a rejection of dialogical or identity politics. On the contrary, it conceives of the multiculturalism of Canadian federal government as not sufficiently dialogical, but as being too based on justiciable individual rights and judges rather than on political dialogue ( Gagnon and Iacovino 2006 ). The other interculturalism is associated with the Council of Europe (2008) and UNESCO (2008) . These bodies have produced a critique of multiculturalism, which, with Nasar Meer, I have examined and rebutted

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Historical Narratives of Sinophobia – Are these echoed in contemporary Australian debates about Chineseness?

-force participation. The place of the Chinese in the national imaginary has stood seemingly undisturbed by more general debates about settlement policies, which were introduced in response to migration, mainly from Europe after World War II. This period of rapid population shift did not involve large-scale migration from China. The Australian Chinese community, which migrated earlier, had established itself already. The election of the Whitlam government brought with it the final stage of the dismantling of restrictive migration, the formal adoption of multiculturalism and the

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The Justice System in Albania – Analysis of Progress Report 2016

Abstract

Albania is one of the new democracies in the South-Eastern Europe which hopes to be granted the status of membership to the European Union. Since June 2014, Albania is a candidate for accession to European Union, after it fulfilled the requirements based on Stabilization and Association Agreement the negotiations of whom started in 2003 and was signed in 2006. Even though the formal application of Albania is dated in 2009, the country has undergone through a difficult process in order to fulfill the pre-requirements especially in the justice system in Albania. The level of corruption is considered the main problem which was highlighted also in the other Progress Reports of Albania and it is still considered to be an important impediment to Albanian accession to EU. Differently from the other progress reports, in the progress report 2016 (Albania 2016 Report), there are noted some improvements consisting mainly in the adoption of a set of constitutional amendments which was the starting point to thorough justice reform. Even though initially such process was faced with the severe diversion of opinions of Albanian main parties, they finally reached an agreement with the recommendations provided by the Venice Commission at the Council of Europe. The report considers as a positive step the newly adopted law on the re-evaluation of judges, prosecutors and legal advisors. Another positive aspect of the law is the re-evaluation (vetting) based on 3 criteria: integrity through assets assessment, background assessment (inappropriate links with organized crime) and professional competence. Such improvements weren’t sufficient enough to permit to Albania to start negotiations with EU as there are still many obstacles to overcome.

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Ugland, T. 2011, Jean Monnet and Canada: early travels and the idea of European unity. Toronto, Buffalo, and London: University of Toronto Press

References Booker, C. & North R., 2003. The great deception: the secret history of the European Union. London: Continuum. Duchêne, F., 1994. Jean Monnet: The first statesman of interdependence. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. Kølvraa, C., 2010. Political paternity and the construction of Europe, Kontur - Tidsskrift for Kulturstudier, 19, pp. 6-12. Milward, A. S., 2000. The European rescue of the nation-state. 2nd ed. Routledge: London.

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Danish Support for the Baltic Struggle for Independence 1988-1991: A Hawk-Dove Domestic Confrontation

REFERENCES Branner, H. 2000. Options and Goals in Danish European Policy since 1945: Explaining Small State Behavior and Foreign Policy Change. In: H. Branner and M. Kelstrup, eds. 2000. Denmark’s Policy Towards Europe Since 1945 . Odense: Odense University Press. Chapter 6. Burgos, R.A., 2008. Origins of Regime Change: “Ideapolitik” on the Long Road to Baghdad, 1993–2000, Security Studies , 17:2, pp. 221-256 DUPI, 1997. Grønland under den Kolde Krig: Dansk og amerikansk sikkerhedspolitik 1945-68 . Copenhagen: DUPI. Ellemann-Jensen, U

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Small New Member States in the EU Foreign Policy: Toward ‘Small State Smart Strategy’?

1 Bőrzel (2002: 205) identified that the EU ‘latecomers’ face a ‘double disadvantage’ in the EU as they lack sufficient staff power, money, and expertise to shape the EU policies. 2 Grøn and Wivel (2011: 523) suggest that ‘small state smart strategy’ involves a state as (1) a lobbyist, (2) a self-interested mediator, and (3) a norm entrepreneur. REFERENCES Bailer, S. 2004. Bargaining Success in the European Union. European Union Politics , 5(1), pp. 99–123. Baun, M. and Marek, D. 2013 (eds.). The New Member States and the European Union

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The Role of EU Funds in Improving Albania’s PFM Reforms (2014-2020)

References Stabilization and Association Agreement between the Government of Albania and Council of European Union, 22 May 2006, Brussels, Belgium Framework Agreement between the Government of Albania and European Communities, 28 October 2007. IPA implementing regulation 718/2007 Draft strategy on Public Finance Management 2014-2020 of the Republic of Albania, June2014. Towards a reform of Public Finance Management, Republic of Albania, Discussion Note by EC, February 2014

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