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The Line in the Sand for British Strength Sports. No Second Chances and the Creation of a Drug Free for Life Ethos

Trapezius, a Shoulder Muscle, of Strength-Trained Athletes. Unpublished medical dissertation. Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Hargreaves, J. (1986). Sport, Power and Culture. Cambridge: Polity Press. Harrison, G., Pope, H.G. Jr., Wood, R., Rogol, A., Nyberg, F., Bowers, L. & Bhasin, S. (2014). Adverse Health Consequences of Performance-Enhancing Drugs: An Endocrine Society Scientific Statement. Endocrine Reviews . 35(3), 341-375. DOI: 10.1210/er.2013-1058 Haywood, L. Kew, F., Brmham, P. Spink, J. Capernerhusrt, J. & Henry, I. (1990). Understanding

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Effects of Far‐Infrared Emitting Ceramic Material Clothing on Recovery After Maximal Eccentric Exercise

) ( Hody et al., 2013 ; Paulsen et al., 2012 ; Proske and Morgan, 2001 ). Considering that high mechanical loads can result in considerable muscle damage, and inadequate recovery may affect subsequent physical performance and increase the risk of injury/illness, it is necessary to investigate strategies to improve the post-exercise recovery process ( Duffield et al., 2014 ; Halson, 2014 ; Vaile et al., 2013). In this regard, a host of different strategies are proposed to aid post-exercise recovery with varying degrees of effectiveness and logistical practicality

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The Influence of the Menstrual Cycle on Muscle Strength and Power Performance

estrogen and progesterone are generally observed within the mid-term of the luteal phase (MLP). Estrogen is a hormone with a purported anabolic function, while progesterone has been related to catabolic pathways ( Davis and Hackney, 2016 ). Given these differences in hormone functions, it has been speculated that skeletal muscle performance might vary with alterations in hormone production during different phases of the menstrual cycle. However, the current body of literature does not provide clear answers on this topic ( Bambaeichi et al., 2004 ; Fridén et al., 2003

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Aleatorism and Sporting Performance

. Meier, K.V. (1995). Triad Trickery: Playing with Sport and Games. In W.J. Morgan & K.V. Meier (Eds.), Philosophic Inquiry in Sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Raszewski, Z. (1976). Partytura teatralna /Theatrical score/. In Wprowadzenie do nauki o teatrze/ Introduction to the Study of Theatre/, t. I. Wrocław: Ossolineum. Raszewski, Z. (1991). Teatr w świecie widowisk: Dziewięćdziesiqt jeden listów o naturze teatru /Theatre in the World of Stage Performances: Ninety-One Letters About the Nature of Theatre/. Warszawa: PWN

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Different Cleat Models do Not Influence Side Hop Test Performance of Soccer Players with and without Chronic Ankle Instability

has a significant impact on the performance of several sports gestures (straight-line sprints and slalom, kicking and passing a ball) in healthy athletes ( Silva et al., 2017b ). However, according to our knowledge, no study has assessed the cleat-surface interaction in athletes with one of the most frequent postural control disorder – chronic ankle instability. In fact, about 25-41% of the athletes with episodes of the ankle sprain develop chronic ankle instability (CAI) ( Tanen et al., 2014 ). These values are relevant since the ankle sprain, involving mainly

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Combined Small‐Sided Game and High‐Intensity Interval Training in Soccer Players: The Effect of Exercise Order

is of paramount importance because it improves performance ( Buchheit and Laursen, 2013 ; Kalinowski et al. 2019 ), shortens the recovery time after the match ( Rabbani and Buchheit, 2016 ) and reduces the risk of injury ( McCall et al., 2014 ). While long‐term preparation periods (≥ 8‐10 weeks) are usually used to develop young players’ fitness profiles in soccer academies ( Arcos et al., 2015 ; Buchheit and Rabbani, 2014 ; Impellizzeri et al., 2006 ; Radziminski et al., 2013 ), professional players usually undergo training periods of shorter duration (≤ 5

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Comparison of Morphological Profiles and Performance Variables Between Female Volleyball Players of the First and Second Division In Portugal

Introduction Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in the world, played in many countries (more than 200 nations are member of FIVB), particularly in African, American, Asian and European nations ( www.fivb.org) . Volleyball is an intermittent sport that requires performance of frequent high-intensity and short-duration activities interspersed with low-intensity periods ( Chamari et al., 2001 ; Driss et al., 1998 ; Gabbett and Georgieff, 2007 ). Successful participation in this and many other sports requires a high level of technical and tactical

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Changes in Performance and Morning‐Measured Responses in Sport Rock Climbers

Introduction Sport climbing is different from other rock climbing styles in that it relies on permanent protections such as bolts fixed to the rock. This relatively safe environment allows climbers to concentrate on athletic and gymnastic movements ( Giles et al., 2006 ). A tangible proof that this sport discipline is gaining in popularity, not only as recreational and active sport tourism, but also as a competitive sport, is its official admittance to the Tokyo Olympic Games in 2020 (IFSC, 2016). Sport climbing performance has a complex structure and

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Effect of Three Technical Arms Swings on The Elevation of the Center of Mass During a Standing Back Somersault

: ISB ; 2010 Domire ZJ, Challis JH An induced energy analysis to determine the mechanism for performance enhancement as a result of arm swing during jumping. Sports Biomechanics, 2010; 9(1): 38-46. Duboy J, Junka A, Lacouture P. Human mechanics: Sports and movements analysis in two dimensions. Paris, Revue EP.S Edition, 69-74; 1994 Faul F, Erdfelder E. GPOWER: A Priori, Post-Hoc, and Compromise Power Analyses for MS-DOS (Computer Program). Bonn, FRG: Bonn University, Department of Psychology; 2004 Hara M

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Evolution of perceived cohesion and efficacy over the season and their relation to success expectations in soccer teams

groups. In J. L. Duda (Ed.), Advances in sport and exercise psychology measurement . Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology, 1998, 213-226 Carron AV, Colman MM, Wheeler J, Stevens D. Cohesion and performance in sport: A meta-analysis. J Sport Exercise Psy , 2002b; 24: 168-188 Carron AV, Hausenblas HA, Eys MA. Group dynamics in sport (3rd Ed.), Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology; 2005 Carron AV, Widmeyer WN, Brawley LR. The development of an instrument to assess cohesion in sport teams: The Group

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