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When studying performance in soccer, one could assume that performance indicators recorded for successful or unsuccessful actions will reflect both individual and team performance. However, there is always an element of chance and unpredictability in team sports ( Gronek et al., 2015 ; Kalinowski et al., 2019 ). Players, coaches, and fans largely agree that chance is sometimes important for understanding the result of a match.
The above argument, however, is not valid for the scientific community ( Ramos et al., 2017 ). Empirically speaking
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Studies continue to investigate the physical and technical performances of elite soccer players during official games across congested periods ( Bradley et al., 2009 ; Rampinini et al., 2007 ; Rey et al., 2010 ) in accordance with positional roles ( Bradley et al., 2009 ; Di Salvo et al., 2007 ; Rampinini et al., 2007 ) or depending on the match conditions.
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The force or power exerted by a muscle may be increased or decreased depending on its preceding activity, due to the parallel development of postactivation potentiation (PAP) and fatigue ( Hodgson et al., 2005 ; Rassier and Macintosh, 2000 ; Tillin and Bishop, 2009 ). Sports coaches employ conditioning activities, i.e. muscle actions aiming to enhance force and power output during complex training ( Docherty and Hodgson, 2007 ), as well as during competition or a high quality training session, in order to maximize training gains and performance
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Over the years, performance analysis has grown drastically and has a vital role to play in the modern game of soccer ( Carling et al., 2005 ). Preparing soccer teams to play at the professional level is a multifaceted process because it is reliant on numerous individual and team-related characteristics. For many years, the most successful soccer teams in European competitions have adopted a style of play based on ball possession (also known as an indirect playing style), allowing them to dictate the play by controlling the game ( Bradley et al