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Child Marriage and the Failure of International Law: a Comparison of American, Indian, and Canadian Domestic Policies

/03/2018. ARJUNPURI, Chaitra. Akshaya Tritiya: Hotbed of child marriages . [online]. Available at: < https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2012/04/201242465347804562.html > Accessed: 11/03/2018 BROWN, Gordon. Children left out of Universal Declaration of Human Rights . [online]. Available at: < https://www.bostonglobe.com/opinion/2016/04/17/children-left-out-universal-declaration-human-rights/wjYQ1rDfglEWu4lmowtczJ/story.html > Accessed: 11/03/2018 CHAUDHRY, Disha. Child Marriage before the Indian Supreme Court . [online]. Available at: < http

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Questioning the Moral Understanding of Law

Abstract

The primary content-related framework we are bound to are the basic human rights as established in the constitution. These basic rights may change and develop, yet as the heritage of our political and legal culture, they possess such a solid core meaning that only a “dogmatic sceptic” (G. Radbruch) can doubt it. In societies with plural values, the moral values expressed by the basic human rights are the most solid moral basis of law. The moral understanding of law is necessarily accompanied by a moral criticism of law. Such criticism is often not pleasing to the authorities, but it cannot be avoided if one wants to live up to our responsibility towards nature, society and future generations. A lawyer who is not interested in these issues and only sticks to the letter of the law acts in a fossilized manner and does not enrich the life that the law is intended for. Legal thought should always have its meaning, as Smole’s Antigone would say.

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Private Military and Security Companies: The End of State Responsibility?

Journal of Political Theory, 11: 2, 131-154. Perret, A. (2013). Privatization of the war on drugs in Mexico and Colombia: Limiting the Application of Humanitarian Law and Endangering Human Rights. Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Rights Law, 7: 1, 45-67. Rothe, D. L., & Ross, J. I. (2010). Private Military Copntractors, Crime and the terrain of Unaccountability. Justice Quaterly, 2: 4, 593-617. Rousseau, E. (2014). International Law and Private Military Companies: a Search for Clarity Droit International, sociétés militaires et conflit armé: Entre

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Forming Students’ Professional Legal Competency in the Context of European Universities’ Experience

Abstract

The article deals with theoretical analysis of the educational process in European higher education institutions in the context of forming future social workers’ professional legal competency. Based on the study of scientific and reference sources the author has defined the peculiarities of the educational process in the most popular higher education institutions of European Union, offering Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Social Work, namely, social and technical division of labour based on the interdisciplinary relations (theoretical and practical learning, pre-professional research constituent during placements); stipulating for a less ethnocentric understanding of social problems; training of a social worker able to skillfully provide individuals, families, organizations and communities with social support to achieve optimal social functioning in a society; analysis of aims and objectives of modern social work in the local and global context of promoting human rights and social justice; application of social work methods with a focus on client participation in the process of changing; reflection of learning and professional experience and independent learning to develop professional skills of a social worker; obtaining specialization in social programmes and projects management aimed at optimizing social integration of social risk groups, such as the disabled, and supporting individuals, groups and communities (to help realize one’s potential, achieve social and economic justice, prevent one’s dysfunctions); accordance of doctrinal and operative education standards that reflect a modern approach to social work - an applied social science with various principles, values, theory and practice methodology.

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Anatomy of Scale. The Migration Crisis in Europe from the Perspective of Refugee Law and Human Rights Law

References Albert M, ‘Governance and Refugee Prima Facie Refugee Status Determination: Clarifying the Boundaries of Refugee Protection, Group Determination, and Mass Influx’ (2010) 29 (1) Refugee Survey Quarterly. Arenilla SL, ‘Violations to the Principle of Non-Refoulement Under the Asylum Policy of the United States’ (2015) XV Anuario Mexicano de Derecho Internacional. Chetail V, ‘Armed Conflict and Forced Migration: Systematic Approach to International Humanitarian Law, Refugee Law, and International Human Rights Law’ in A Clapham, P Gaeta

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The Schengen Space and the Primary Form of the European Legal Humanism. Revisiting Tony Honoré’s Opus, Ulpianus. Pioneer of Human Rights

.A. Conta, V. (1967). Opere filosofice . Ediție îngrijită de N. Gogoneață, Bucuresti: Ed. Academiei. Honoré, A. M. (2002). Ulpian, Pioneer of Human Rights . Second edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ( Editio princeps , 1982). Ulpianus, D. Digesta . Liber L ( Libri ad Sabinum ) Ulpianus, D. Digesta , Liber XXIV ( Libri ad Edictum ) Ulpianus, D. Digesta , Liber VIII, De omnibus Tribunalibus The Ancient Testament, Genesis

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Workplace Mobbing

Workplace Mobbing

Workplace mobbing is a hostile and unethical communication, systematically aimed from one or more individuals towards mostly one individual, who are forced into a helpless position and are held in it by constant bullying. This article describes some of the most important characteristics of mobbing: offensive behaviour, organizational and non-organizational causes of this behaviour, the victim, and the consequences. Modern business environment is complex, dynamic, volatile, and requires better ability to adjust. Constant changes are a part of organizational reality, but they also produce an ideal environment for all kinds of conflicts. Conflicts are inevitable in every organization, but the task of its management is to identify them and resolve before they affect the workforce, productivity, and costs. The idea is to avert psychological abuse and aberrant behaviour such as mobbing that may cause physical and mental disorders. Mobbing is a problem of the modern society; as a violation of human rights it is relatively new and unrecognised in Croatia. Abuse is mostly psychological; it affects the victim's health and life, quality of work, productivity, profitability, and may lead to significant economic losses in the community. Mobbing can be averted by joint forces that would involve employees and management, medical and legal professionals, and even community as a whole. The more an organization pursues excellence based on trust and business ethics, the higher the probability that mobbing will be averted or stopped.

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The supreme court of Canada and the offender’s right to be transferred to serve his sentence in Canada: interpreting the international transfer of offenders act in light of Canada’s national and international human rights obligations

References 1. Bassan, Daniela. “The Canadian Charter and Public International Law: Redefining the State’s Power to Deport Aliens.” Osgoode Hall Law Journal 34:3 (1996): 584-625. 2. Bossuyt, Marc J. Guide to the “Travaux Préparatoires” of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1987. 3. Claydon, John. “Use of International Human Rights Law to Interpret Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms.” Connecticut Journal of International Law 2 (1986-1987): 349

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Empowerment Rights and Happiness Gap in Post-socialist Countries

that there exists a statistically significant difference in life satisfaction between the two groups (χ 1 2 = 11908, p-value = 0,0001), and therefore, confirms the existence of a happiness gap. The question that arises in this context is whether de jure or de facto empowerment rights may be perceived as one of the explaining factors of the happiness gap between post-socialist countries and other advanced and developing countries of rest of the world. Tab. 3 presents the answers to the question ‘How much respect is there for individual human rights nowadays

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