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Journal of Applied Mathematics, Statistics and Informatics
The Journal of University of Saint Cyril and Metodius
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Logical Ideas of Jan Łukasiewicz

Abstract

This paper discusses the main logical ideas put forward by Jan Łukasiewicz within their historical context and further development.

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The Analogy in Decision-Making and the Implicit Association Bias Effect

References 1. Breuning, M. The Role of Analogies and Abstract Reasoning in Decision-Making: Evidence from the Debate over Truman’s Proposal for Development Assistance, International Studies Quarterly 47 (2), 2003, pp. 229-245. 2. Brunel, F., Tietje, B., Greenwald, A. Is the Implicit Association Test a Valid and Valuable Measure of Implicit Consumer Social Cognition? 2003. 3. Gentner, D., & Loewenstein, J. Learning: Analogical Reasoning. Encyclopedia of Education, Second Edition , New York: Macmillia, 2003. 4. Gentner, D. & Maravilla

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Evolutionary Perspectives on Unbelief: An Introduction from the Editor

Can Tell Us More About Religion than Cognitive Accounts Can, In H. van Eyghen, G. van den Brink, & R. Peels (eds.), New Developments in the Cognitive Science of Religion , Cham: Springer, 2018, pp. 93-108. 30. Urgesi, C., Aglioti, S. M., Skrap, M., & Fabbro, F. The Spiritual Brain: Selective Cortical Lesions Modulate Human Self-Transcendence, Neuron 65 (3), 2010, pp. 309-319. 31. Van Eyghen, H. Religious Belief is Not Natural. Why Cognitive Science of Religion does not show that Religious Belief is Trustworthy, Studia Humana 5 (4), 2016, pp. 34

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How the Non-Religious View the Personality of God in Relation to Themselves

Assessment 4 (1), 1992, pp. 5–13. 19. Davis, E. B., Moriarty, G. L., & Mauch, J. C. God images and god concepts: Definitions, development, and dynamics, Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 5 (1), 2013, pp. 51–60. 20. Davis, M. H., Conklin, L., Smith, A., & Luce, C. Effect of Perspective Taking on the cognitive Representation of Persons: A Merging of Self and Other, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 70 (4), 1996, pp. 713–726. 21. De Raad, B. The replicability of the Big Five personality dimensions in three word-classes of the Dutch

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Religious Intuitions and the Nature of “Belief”

References 1. Aarnio, K., Lindeman, M. Religious people and paranormal believers: Alike or different? Journal of Individual Differences 28 (1), 2007, pp. 1-9. 2. Bagozzi, R. P., Tybout, A. M., Craig, C. S., & Sternthal, B. The construct validity of the tripartite classification of attitudes, Journal of Marketing Research 16 (1), 1979, pp. 88-95. 3. Banerjee, K., Bloom, P. “Everything happens for a reason”: Children’s beliefs about purpose in life events, Child Development 86 (2), 2015, pp. 503-518. 4. Bargh, J. A., Chartrand, T. L

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Selected Ethical Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous System Development and Large Data Set Processing

Abstract

Due to information technology development and its industrial adaptation, the dilemmas so far specific to philosophical speculations and science-fiction literature and films have become the real problems of the contemporary world. On one hand, these issues are related to an unprecedented scale on which computational algorithms are currently used as well as a level of complexity of mutual connections; on the other hand, these are linked to their autonomous behavior. States, industry, and users themselves demand formulation of understandable ethical categories and determination of transparency standards and legal norms for these algorithms’ functioning in the near future.

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Developments in the Syntax and Logic of the Talmudic Hermeneutic Kelal Uferaṭ Ukelal

References 1. Botterweck, G. J., and H. Ringgren (eds.). Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament , trans. by J. T. Willis, (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdemans Publishing Company, 1975, revised edition 1977), vol. 2, s.v. בית. 2. Chernick, M. The Development of Kelal u-Ferat u-Kelal Hermeneutics , Tarbiz (Hebrew), v. LII, (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1982). 3. Chernick, M. לחקר מידות בלל ופר וכלל וריבוי (Eng., Hermeneutical Studies ), Lod: Haberman Institute, 1984. 4. Bar Ilan Digitalized Responsa Project, version 24+, Enzyklopedia

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Development of Efficient Estimation Technique for Population Mean in Two Phase Sampling Using Fuzzy Tools

Abstract

The present investigation deals with the problem of estimation of population mean in two-phase (double) sampling. Utilizing information on two auxiliary variables, one chain exponential ratio and regression type estimator has been proposed and its properties are studied under two different structures of twophase sampling. To make the estimator practicable, unbiased version of the proposed strategy has also been developed. The dominance of the suggested estimator over some contemporary estimators of population mean has been established through numerical illustrations carried over the data set of some natural population and artificially generated population. Categorization of the dominance ranges of the proposed estimation strategies are deployed through defuzzification tools, which are followed by suitable recommendations.

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