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Provenance experiment with spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Picea obovata (Ledeb.)) in the North of Russia (Arkhangelsk region)

R eferences Aarrestad P.A., Myking T., Stabbetorp O.E., Tollefsrud M.M. 2014. Foreign Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) provenances in Norway and effects on biodiversity. NINA Report 1075, Trondheim, Norway. Andreassen K., Solberg S., Tveito O.E., Lystad S.L. 2006. Regional differences in climatic responses of Norway spruce ( Picea abies L. Karst.) growth in Norway. Forest Ecology and Management , 222, 211–221. Giertych M. 1989. Genetic value of local Scots pine: Forest genetics, breeding and physiology of woody plants (in Russian). In

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Comparative evaluation of preservation and growth of spruce climatypes based on long-term provenance trials in Russia

References Dospekhov B.А. 1985. Technique of field experience (with basis of statistical processing of researches results). Moscow. Giertych M. 1976. Summary results of the IUFRO 1938 Norway spruce (Picea abies ( L.) K arst.) p rovenance experiment. Height growth. Silvae Genetica, 25 (5/6), 154-164. Gvozdukhina O.A. 2004. Provenance trails of spruce in Archangelsk region. Ph.D. dissertation, Archangelsk. Ivanov A.V. 2012. Phenological and reproductive features of spruce in provenance trails of

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Genetic structure of Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] provenances tested in IPTNS-IUFRO 1964/68 experiment in Krynica

References Bałut S., Sabor J. 2001. Inventory provenance test of Norway Spruce [ Picea a bies (L.) Karst.] IPTNSIUFRO 1964/68 in Krynica. Part I. Description of the experimental area. Wydawnictwo Akademii Rolniczej, Kraków. Barszcz J., Małek S. 2006. The quality and viability of Picea abies (L.) Karst. seedlings in young crops laid out after a decay of stands at high mountain elevations in the Śląski Beskid Mountains and the western part of the Beskid Żywiecki Mountains. In: Current problems of forest protection in

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Incidence of butt rot in Norway spruce seed stands in Poland’s mountain regions assessed with sonic tomography

Abstract

The incidence and severity of butt rot were assessed in 12 selected Norway spruce seed stands in the Beskidy Mountains, Poland. A semi-invasive technique of sonic tomography was used for the assessment of rot damage. Stands of different age classes (100-120, 130-150, 160-170 years old) and distinct regions of provenance (Istebna and Orawa) were investigated. Hierarchical analysis of variance was used to determine effects of stand age and stand provenance on butt rot occurrence at a stand level. High incidence of butt rot was noted in all of the studied seed stands (47% to 87% of diagnosed tree samples). Stand age had a significant effect on percentage share of ‘damaged wood’ on the tomogram. The extent of rot damage was rising with stand age, and the largest was observed in the age category 160-170 years. Spruce stands of Istebna provenance were generally more damaged by butt rot than those of Orawa provenance, however, the latter have been growing in forest sites more suitable for spruce in terms of fertility and altitude. Hierarchical analysis of variance did not show a statistically significant relationship between the region of provenance and average share of ‘damaged wood’ on the tomogram. Presented results indicate that for stands growing in similar conditions vulnerability to butt rot is determined by stand age. Further research is needed to separate impact of stand provenance identified with specific genetic constitution of a population from the effect of environmental conditions typical of a given region of provenance.

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Effect of seed collection and site altitude on the growth and genetic variability of early and late flushing provenances of Norway spruce tested in the IPTNS-IUFRO 1964/68 site in Poland

References Bałut S., Sabor J. 2002. Inventory provenance test of Norway Spruce (Picea abies ( L.) K arst.) I PTNSIUFRO 1964/68 in Krynica. Part II. Test results of 1968-1984. Geographical variability of traits in the whole range of the species. Bergmann F., Gregorius H.R. 1979. Comparison of the genetic diversities of various populations of Norway spruce (Picea abies). In: Proceedings of the Conference on Biochemical Genetics of Forest Trees (ed.: F. Rudin). Umeå, 99-107. Bergmann F., Scholz F. 1985. Effects of

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Genetic variability of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in maternal regions of provenance

.). Sylwan, 10, 30-38. Giertych M. 1980. Polskie rasy sosny, świerka i modrzewia w międzynarodowych doświadczeniach proweniencyjnych. Arboretum Kórnickie, 25, 135-160. Giertych M., Oleksyn J. 1981. Summary of results on Scots pine (Pinus silvestris L.) on volume production in Ogevskij’s pre-revolutionary Russian provenance experiments. Silvae Genetica, 30 (2), 50-74. Hartl D.L., Clark A.G. 2007. Podstawy genetyki populacyjnej. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warsaw. Kosińska J., Lewandowski A

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Proportion of knotty wood in stems of 28-year old lodgepole and Scots pine in experimental plantation in Zvirgzde, Latvia

pine in Sweden. In: Proceedings of IUFRO meeting and Frans Kempe Symposium 1992 on Pinus contorta provenances and breeding, 69–80. Gallagher G.J., Lynch T.J., Fitzsimons B. 1987. Lodgepole pine in the Republic of Ireland II. Yield and management of coastal lodgepole pine. Forest Ecology and Management , 22, 185–203. Honda H., Fisher B. 1978. Tree branch angle: maximizing effective leaf area. Science , 199, 888–890. Jansons A., Matisons R., Lībiete-Zālīte Z., Baders E., Rieksts-Riekstiņš J. 2013. Relationships of height growth of lodgepole pine

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Effect of deforestation on stream and spring water chemistry in Malinowski and Czyrna catchments in Beskid Âlàski Mts.

Land and Development, 13, 205-223. Małek S., Krakowian K. 2009b. Analyse of water suitable for drinking from sources in Zimnik and Czyrna in the Silesian Beskid (in Polish with English summary). Ochrona Środowiska i Zasobów Naturalnych, 38, 239-247. Małek S. 2009. Sustainability of Picea abies of Istebna provenance in Dupniański Stream catchment as dependent on stand age class. Dendrobiology, 61Suppl., 95-104. Małek S., Astel A., Krakowian K., Opałacz J. 2010.Evaluation of springs water quality in the Skrzyczne and

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Genetic overload of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) from five populations from central Bosnia and Herzegovina

- Biodiverzitet recentnog čovjeka. INGEB, Sarajevo. Kantor J. 1967. Pispevěk ke studiu některych dědčných vlastností jedle bílé ( Abies alba Mill.). Lesnícky časopis , 13 (4), 309- 318. Lafférs A. 1970. Hodnotenie semenášikov jedle proveniencií zo Slovenska. Vedecke prace VULH , 12, 25- 62. Lafférs A. 1979. Evaluation of seed weight in fir of Czechoslovakian and foreign provenance in relation to modified geographical latitude, to geographical longitude and to particular mountain ranges of Europe. Lesnícky časopis , 25, 111

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Application of GGE biplot graphs in multi-environment trials on selection of forest trees

Agricultural Science, 103, 123-135. DOI: 10.1017/ S0021859600043392. Kim I., Kwon H., Ryu K., Choi W.Y. 2008. Provenance by Site Interaction of Pinus densiflora in Korea. Silvae Genetica, 57 (3), 131-139. Littell R.C., Milliken G.A., Stroup W.W., Wolfinger R.D. 1996. SAS system for mixed models. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC. Liu G., Cornelius P.L. 2001. Simulations and derived approximations for the means and standard deviations of the characteristic roots of a Wishart matrix. Communications in Statistics - Simulation and

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